What are Native Orchids?
Native orchids are a group of flowering plants native to North America. They include the species Orchis Canadensis, which includes the common garden orchid, and several other species such as the “Orchid” (Amorphophallus), the “Wildflower” (Hedera helix) and others. There are many different types of these orchid flowers with their own unique characteristics and uses. Some of them are used for decoration, while some are grown for food and medicine. All of them have been cultivated since prehistoric times.
There are two main kinds of native orchids: those that grow in warm climates like Canada and Mexico, and those that grow in colder regions such as Alaska, Greenland and Siberia. Many orchids come from the same family but there are some differences between them.
For example, the genus Orchid contains at least three genera and over fifty species. The most famous of these are the Dendrobiums (Dendrobiaceae) which include the common garden orchid, Ailanthus niger, and its relatives such as Hedera helix.
How can you spot native Orchids?
There are about 80 types of orchids that grow in the wild. Most of them have no scent, although there is a rare kind that does smell quite sweet. The most common Native Orchids are found in United States and Canada. Their flowers come in many different shades and colours such as white, yellow, greenish-white, greenish-yellow, purple and more. In the spring, they bloom brightly in pink and white. Their petals grow in a star-shape. They usually only bloom for one day and only open up in the morning. Many Native Orchids have spots or stripes on their petals, although some are plain. Most of them only grow leaves during the spring and summer, so they look like little bulbs covered in snow in the winter.
What do Native Orchids eat?
The Native Orchid mainly feeds on small insects, especially aphids. Its roots have a sucking mouth (similar to an octopus’s tentacle) that allows it to draw water and nutrients from the soil. Native Orchids are popular among gardeners because they keep away pests such as aphids and other insects that destroy crops. They also attract bees which make honey, and other pollinating insects such as butterflies and moths.
What do Native Orchids look like?
The Dendrobium is the most common type of Native Orchid. It has two sepals, two petals and a lip which is modified into a tube. The petals are bigger than the sepals and contain a complex pattern of stripes, spots or lines. The lip is usually divided into three sections and contains patches with different colours such as green, white, purple or pink. The column has two wing-like structures at the top and bottom. It has no scent. Dendrobium usually grows in clusters and is one of the few orchids that grow in colder, temperate zones.
Another common Native Orchid is called the Cymbidium. It can be found growing in clusters or individually.
Its flowers usually grow on a spike and only bloom for one day. They can be white, pink or greenish-yellow. The lip contains three lobes with waxy crests that hide the reproductive organs. It grows in zones that have warm or hot temperatures.
Orchis spectabilis is one of the largest Native Orchids and can weigh up to 3 kilograms. It has leaves that grow about 0.5 metres long and usually only blooms between May and July.
It mainly grows in North America, especially in zones with light soil. It usually grows near streams, swamps or bogs, though some can also be found growing on hillsides.
The most unusual Native Orchid is called the Showy Orchid and can be found growing in clusters alongside other types of orchids. It grows in zones with warm or temperate climate and only blooms for one day a year, usually between April and May or July and August.
Its petals are yellowish-green and waxy, and its lip is bent backwards. It grows in clusters and has a strong, sweet smell. Its roots resemble little octopus tentacles and can grow over 1 metre long to reach water.
What does the Native Orchid look like?
The Native Orchid is mainly green or brown. It usually only has 2 sepals, 2 petals and a lip which is modified into a tube. The petals are bigger than the sepals and come in complex patterns of lines, spots or stripes. The lip is divided into three sections and also contains patches with different colours such as green, white, purple or pink. The column has two winglike structures at the top and bottom, and no scent. It grows in clusters and has no scent.
How does the Native Orchid reproduce?
After a Native Orchid flowers it produces a spore capsule, which releases clouds of dust-like spores into the air.
Sources & references used in this article:
Isolations of the Orchid mycorrhizal Fungi from tne Roots of the Korean native Orchids and Inoculations of the Isolates to Four different Orchids by L Sang-Sun – Korean J. Plant Pathol., 1998 – agris.fao.org
Identification of the orchid mycorrhizal fungi isolated from the roots of Korean native orchid by SS Lee, JH You – Mycobiology, 2000 – Taylor & Francis
Field guide to the orchids of New South Wales and Victoria by A Bishop – 1996 – pdfs.semanticscholar.org
Exploration and inventory of native orchid germplasm in West Borneo, Indonesia by C Siregar – HortScience, 2008 – journals.ashs.org
Field guide to the wild orchids of Texas by PM Brown – NORTH AMERICAN NATIVE ORCHID JOURNAL, 2008 – researchgate.net