The first thing you need to do when growing a willow tree is to plant it in soil. You can buy seeds or you can start your own seedling from cuttings. Cuttings are easier than starting from seeds because they don’t require any special tools such as gloves, masks, etc., but they take longer to grow and produce smaller fruit. If you want to grow a large number of trees then buying seeds would be the way to go.
When you have planted your willow tree in soil, you can now begin to water it regularly. When watering a willow tree, remember not to let the soil dry out completely; if it does, the roots may rot.
Also keep the trunk and branches moist at all times so that they don’t wither away.
Once a year during spring time (or whenever is convenient for you) dig up one of your plants and pull off its leaves. Then, you can harvest the sap.
You can use this sap to make tea or use it in other ways.
You’ll notice that there are many different types of willow trees. Some varieties are very tall while others grow only a few feet high.
Others grow straight up and some even bend over backwards! There’s no right or wrong type of willow tree; just pick whichever ones look most interesting to you and enjoy them for years to come!
A willow tree is a very beautiful addition to your yard. They come in several varieties, some having yellow or pink blossoms.
Others have interesting looking bark or leaves. But the most popular kind of willow tree is the weeping willow. Its branches hang down in a graceful pattern that almost touches the ground. This type of willow is often planted at gravesites because of its beauty and its gracefulness.
In this guide you will learn everything there is to know about growing a willow tree.
Willow Tree Growing: Will a Willa Tree Grow Back From a Stump?
Yes, willow trees can grow back from stumps and they do this all the time. They don’t care if you cut off 90% of their trunk, in fact it’s encouraged when you need to prune them! The reason for this is the way they spread their roots. A willow tree’s roots can reach several meters out from the trunk in all directions, just look at a picture of one sometime.
Even if you cut off most of the trunk the root system is still there and it can continue to feed the top of the tree, or what remains of it. This means that as long as the roots are still healthy your willow tree will keep growing back.
Just wait a few years and you’ll have a new trunk growing right where the old one was cut off!
Willow Tree Facts: How to Prune a Willa Tree
Unlike many other trees, the willow tree is unique in that it has very weak wood. Instead, it has a good deal of soft bark protecting its innards.
Because of this, it’s very easy to damage or even kill your willow tree if you are not careful when pruning it. There are several techniques that you can use when pruning your willows, here are a few of the most popular ones:
Trimming: This is perhaps the easiest way to prune your willows. All you need are hand clippers and the desire to do some manual labor.
Get on a ladder and start clipping off the branches at their base. Just make sure that you don’t cut into the main trunk or large roots; just the smaller ones.
Shearing: This is similar to trimming except you use specialized shears to do most of the work for you. Often, professional landscape designers and gardeners will use this technique when they need to prune large numbers of willows at once.
Whip: This is the method I prefer when I need to prune my own willows. All you need is a piece of rope at least 12 feet long.
Loop one end around the base of your tree and then wrap it around your pole several times so that it makes a large loop at the other end (this is important, trust me.) The last thing you’ll need is another person to help you. Now all you do is whip the branches with your loop!
Willow Tree Facts: How to Propagate a Willa Tree
While many people think that you can only grow willows from cuttings, this isn’t true at all. You can actually grow them from the shallow roots or even the seeds!
It really just depends on what you like most.
From Shallow Roots: All you need for this method is a bucket, some potting soil and some patience. Get a bucket and fill it halfway with soil.
Now take your willow’s shallow roots and trim off all the little feeder roots that are attached. Try to get as many as possible, but don’t worry if you can’t get them all.
Gently poke the roots into the soil (you might want to use your fingers for this part) until only the tips are showing above the soil line. The reason for this is to prevent the roots from drying out.
Once all the roots are in the bucket, fill it the rest of the way with soil and gently pat it down until it’s firm. After that, just water it and place it in a sunny spot to grow. From start to finish this project should only take you about an hour or two.
From Seeds: While growing willows from seeds is a little more difficult than growing them from roots, it’s still manageable for most people. What you need to do is collect the willow seeds which should be ripe by late summer or early fall.
Take a paper milk carton and punch small holes in the bottom of it with a pushpin. Place it underneath a mature willow tree and shake the tree until some of the seeds fall into the carton. It should look a little something like this:
Using small stones, weigh down the seeds inside the milk carton. This is to keep them from blowing away in the wind.
Place the carton in a cool, dark place and leave it there for about a month. After a month has passed, dump the contents into a strainer and wash them off thoroughly with water. Spread the seeds out to dry for a day or two and then place them in a cool, dark place until spring.
In the spring (or early summer if you live in a hotter climate) take the seeds and plant them into small containers or paper cups. Don’t cover the seeds, as they need light to germinate.
Just like with growing from shallow roots, place the containers/cups someplace cool and dark and leave them alone for about a month. After a month has passed, transplant them into a sunny spot and watch them grow!
Roots Soup: If you really want to get adventurous with growing willows, you can try making roots soup. To do this you will need to collect the seeds (see above) as well as the shallow roots that grow from the main trunk of your tree.
After you’ve collected about 2 cups of these, place them in a container and cover with water. Let them soak for a week, stirring them once a day.
After a week has passed, strain the roots and cut off all the feeder roots (the little ones) and just use the thicker ones near the main trunk. Chop these up into small pieces and place them in a large pot with about 1 gallon of water.
Boil this over a stove, stirring every once in awhile.
When the water has boiled away, a thick, mushy pulp should be all that’s left in the pot. Spread this out on a cloth to dry in a cool, shady place.
Once it’s dry, you can store it in an airtight container until you need it for planting in late winter or early spring.
Willow water: Take about 2 cups of dried, chopped up roots and put them in a gallon of water. Let this sit in a cool, dark place for about a month, stirring it a couple times a week.
Strain out the roots and you’re ready to water your trees!
Willow water is good for keeping your tree hydrated through dry spells. Apply it by pouring some into a hose-end sprayer and spritzing each tree a few times a week, or just pour it around the base of the tree.
And there you have it. A quick guide to getting your willow established in as little time as possible.
As always, please let me know if there’s anything you need explained better or if you have any questions at all.
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GROWING AND CULTIVATING CANNABIS
by Jesse Bergmann
Whether you are growing marijuana outdoors or indoors, there are some basics that apply to every grower. While this information may be basic, it is very important!
If you grow marijuana, you need the following:
Seed or plant (obviously). Growing area (indoors or outdoors).
Bag of soil (or other growing medium, like a container of mud). Water. Food (plant food, usually).
Once you have these five things, you can grow marijuana. Let’s look at each of these in detail.
Seed or plant: what is the first step to growing marijuana?
No, it’s not getting your hands on some bag seed (although that’s a good start). It’s deciding whether to grow from seed or clone. Most beginning growers start with seeds. It’s easy and relatively cheap. Just throw a few seeds in some dirt and wait! If you’re more experienced (or a bit lazy), you can also buy clones. Clones are cuttings of a plant, and while more difficult than growing from seed (you have to wait for the cuttings to take root and mature), you can have plants ready faster.
Growing area: Cannabis is a weed, and as such it grows just about anywhere. If you have a sunny, dirt yard, you have everything you need to grow great marijuana.
Most people, however, do not have this growing option. This is where an indoor setup comes in handy. (Outdoor setups are for more advanced growers and are discussed later.) There are many different types of indoor growing options available, from simple to complex. While the type of indoor grow you choose depends on your set up and personal preference, there are some basics that all indoor grows have in common.
Bag of soil (or other growing medium): this is where most of the growing happens. Knowing what type of medium to choose is one of the biggest decisions a grower has to make.
While there are many different options, each with their own pluses and minuses, most growers use regular potting soil. It’s cheap, easy to get a hold of, and works great. If you go with a different medium, make sure you do your research first.
Water: it’s pretty important for growing things! Marijuana plants don’t like too much water or too little water.
This is one of the reasons why so many people have problems when they grow marijuana: it’s hard to get the watering just right. A water meter/monitor like Water-Minder makes watering easy. It attaches to your hose and lets you know when to water (you can set the sensitivity). You can get one at most garden stores or online.
Food (plant food, usually): while normal dirt will have some nutrients for your plants, it doesn’t have all of the nutrients that your plants need to thrive. That’s why most serious growers add plant food to their soil.
Just follow the directions on the package for how much and how often to add it.
That’s all there is to starting your marijuana garden! Now that you know the basics, you’re ready to learn some of the advanced growing techniques that take your plants to the next level.
But before we do, let’s take a look at…
How to Increase Your Yield: Simple Tricks for Great Marijuana
Warning: these tricks are not for the faint of heart. They require a little more effort and time on the grower’s part, but can pay off in larger harvests.
If you’re an absolute beginner, read over this section, but don’t try anything just yet. Come back when you’ve gotten some experience under your belt and are ready to take things up a notch.
1) Increase Air Circulation: Most problems that marijuana growers face (especially beginners) involve their plants not getting enough air.
This isn’t surprising, really, since we’re talking about a plant that grows outdoors, where there’s plenty of fresh air. When we grow indoors, however, we have to add more air to our plants ourselves (usually with help from fans).
Too little air leads to problems like small or mis-shapen buds, slow growth, and even bugs. The tiny eggs of a insect called the powdery mildew, for example, incubate in tight, damp areas where there is little air circulation.
One of the best ways to prevent these types of problems is by adding more air to your plants’ environment. You can do this either with fans or simply by pruning your plants. i.e. opening up the growing area to allow for more air circulation. If you’re growing outdoors, this isn’t as much of a problem since the plants get most of their air from the outside.
2) Don’t Over/Under-Water: Most of the time when people start growing their plants die, it’s because they killed them themselves.
..by drowning them with too much water or by not giving them enough.
Of course, in some places it’s hard to get the right amount of water since some areas are prone to droughts and in other places it seems like it never rains and everything is brown and dry.
But assuming you’re not in one of those places, how can you give your plants just the right amount of water?
The answer is you can’t. Well, at least not with any certainty. But here are a few tips that will help you increase your odds.
Mist the plants every day: This is more for the health of your plants. Most growers will tell you to give your plants a good watering once a week, maybe even less.
But in dry areas, this isn’t enough. A good rule of thumb (no pun intended) is to give your plants a nice misting at least twice a day. The more the better, really.
Get the soil wet: Feel the soil with your bare hands.
Do you feel moisture on the surface?
Once you’ve misted your plants, give the pot a little shake. Let the water sink into the soil, then squeeze it with your hand. If the soil feels wet at least 1 inch down, you’re good. Don’t water again until that soil is dry.
Use a Soilless Medium: If you’re growing in something like Rockwool (what I use), don’t water unless the cubes become completely dry. The reason for this is the cubes are like little sponges.
They hold a lot of water, but they also let a lot evaporate into the air. So even if you water, it doesn’t necessarily mean that your plants are getting enough water.
3) Watch Out For “Make Shift” Grow Rooms: Sometimes people will get an idea in their head that they can just stick a few lights in their garage and start growing.
While this may be true (to a certain extent), most people don’t take the time to set up their garage properly. They don’t insulate the walls or ceiling, they leave doorways or windows open, they don’t put in air-conditioning units, they don’t install light-proof curtains, etc.
The result is a grow room that is either too hot or too cold. It has the possibility of affecting the plants in a negative way.
For example, heat can sometimes causes the plants to grow differently (sometimes it makes them branch out more, but on rare occasions it can cause some of them to simply shrivel up and die). Also, heat can sometimes make the plants flower faster, but it can also cause the plant to produce less weed over-all since it forces the plant to focus more on survival than production.
Light is also very important. If there’s not enough light, the weed won’t get all the nutrients from the soil that it needs and will again, cause the plant to produce less over-all.
The moral of this paragraph is this: A lot goes into growing good weed and sometimes “shortcuts” can be a little more work in the long run.
4) Buy Good Equipment: If you’re going to be growing, you need to invest more than just money into your grow.
You need to invest time as well. There is no such thing as shortcuts when it comes to growing good weed and that means you need to be there to make sure everything is running right.
If you’re going to be spending all this time looking after your grow, you might as well spend a little money on good equipment that will make your job a little easier.
I personally use a company called Hydrofarm to get my stuff. I’ve had good luck with them and their prices are fair.
However, there are a lot of good suppliers out there. Just be careful who you buy from. Try to stick with very well known companies. Also, don’t buy the really cheap stuff. It probably won’t last more than one grow and you’ll end up having to buy more anyway.
Again, I use Rockwool to grow my plants in. It’s fairly expensive, but it works well and is worth the money.
There are also a lot of good soilless mixes out there that work well. Fox Farm is one of the better ones.
I use digital timers from Hydrofarm to turn my lights on and off. They work very well and you can set them to turn your lights on and off at specific times throughout the day.
This is helpful when you’re trying to keep your plants on a strict light schedule.
I use a CO2 generator to make sure my plants get enough oxygen. This is especially important if you have a closed-loop system where there is no fresh air coming into the room your grow is in.
Without enough CO2, your plants can begin to suffocate and die.
I use waterproof heaters to keep my plants warm enough. Even if you have an efficient grow-room, your plants can still get too cold at certain times of the day.
This can cause them to grow more slowly and in some cases even die. Heaters cost a bit more, but they’re definitely worth it.
I also use humidifiers in the areas where I grow. Marijuana needs a certain amount of humidity in the air and most homes aren’t kept at a suitable level.
This helps the plant tremendously so it’s almost necessary if you have a closed-loop system.
I don’t bother messing with humidifiers though because I grow outside. I give the plants just enough to keep them at a reasonable humidity level.
I use a mixture of different nutrients while I’m growing. I usually start with a general hydroponic formula and then change it according to the needs of the plant.
Your local grow shop should be able to help you decide which mixture is best.
I also buy clean new water every time I water my plants, even if I’m just topping up the old water. First of all, the old water could have chemicals or dangerous microbes in it from being in the hose.
Second of all, unless you’re using rain water, your tap water probably has dangerous chemicals and microbes in it that could kill your plants.
Yes, this is going to be expensive if you buy all these things separately. That’s why I recommend just buying everything from one of the big online hydroponic stores.
Finally, I want to stress that the single most important thing you can do for your plants is to make sure they get a constant supply of fresh air. Most growers make the mistake of putting their plants in a closed-off room and then pumping that room full of oxygenating fumes.
DON’T DO THIS!
Plants need a constant and fresh supply of oxygen and humidity. They also need to get rid of their waste gasses.
If you trap your plants in a room where they aren’t getting enough oxygen, or they’re accumalating toxic fumes, you can literally watch your babies slowly die.
So make sure you have a system that brings fresh air in and gets rid of the stale air. It doesn’t need to be very complicated.
I just have a series of fans in my room that cycles the air. You could also use screens over your window to prevent hot air from building up and putting one or two small windows in your grow room to let in fresh air.
If you follow these guidelines, you should have happy and healthy plants that will reward you with lots of lovely buds!
I’m off to harvest my latest crop!
See you next time.
Sources & references used in this article:
Salicylate, a new plant hormone by I Raskin – Plant physiology, 1992 – ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
The historical analysis of aspirin discovery, its relation to the willow tree and antiproliferative and anticancer potential by JG Mahdi, AJ Mahdi, AJ Mahdi, ID Bowen – Cell proliferation, 2006 – Wiley Online Library
The characteristic of lightweight panels made from fast growing willow tree Salix viminalis. by I Frąckowiak, A Idziak, R Bendowska… – Lightweight wood-based …, 2008 – cabdirect.org