Bleeding Heart Plant Varieties
The following are some of the most popular bleeding heart flower varieties:
Amaranth (Amaranthus species)
Amaranth is one of the best known flowering plants in the world. It was first cultivated thousands years ago in India and China. It is now grown worldwide. A common name for it is “golden” because of its beautiful golden color. It grows well in all climates and soils.
Its flowers are white or yellowish gold with a long petal-like shape. They have two stamens (stalked pistils), which produce the seeds, while the ovary produces pollen.
It’s easy to grow and requires little attention other than regular fertilization. It is drought tolerant and tolerates poor soil conditions. It is very hardy and survives harsh winters. It is not recommended to plant in areas where frost may occur regularly, such as northern regions of the United States.
Amaranth can be propagated from cuttings or seed. Cuttings take less time but require more space since they need to be rooted before planting out into their permanent home. The seeded variety requires more time before it can be planted out but less space since the newly planted seedlings do not need to be rooted before their permanent home.
Lucky Clover (Trifolium pratense)
The lucky clover is also known by other names such as shamrock which comes from a word meaning “little clover” in Irish and Three-Leaved Grass. It is a common wildflower in many places in the world. It grows best in well-drained fertile soil. It forms a low growing and spreading mats of green foliage. The flower has three heart-shaped leaflets that are a lighter color than the rest of the leaf.
The flowers contain both male and female reproductive parts allowing it to self-pollinate.
Lucky clover is easy to grow and requires little attention other than regular watering, especially during dry periods. It is a low maintenance plant and resistant to most diseases. It produces both nectar and pollen that are eaten by insects and birds. It does not have much value as for human consumption other than for grazing purposes.
It can be propagated from seed, division or tissue culture. The seeded variety grows faster but the division and tissue culture methods ensure purity of the species.
Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)
The purple coneflower, also known by several other names such as purple hedgehog, is a plant native to North America. It grows in warm climates and is cultivated in others. It has a distinctive cone-shaped flower. Its flowers bloom from the bottom of the plant towards the top. A mature plant can produce over 30 flower heads each up to 10 centimeters in diameter.
The petals of the flower can be either purple or pink. The center of the flower contains a bundle of purple colored stamens surrounding a ring of up to 50 yellow pollen producing anthers.
The purple coneflower is a popular ornamental plant and wildflower in areas where it grows naturally. It is easy to grow and can be planted either by seeds, division or cuttings. It favors rich soil and full sun, but will grow in a range of conditions. It grows in a low mound of branching stems with long narrow leaves. It is short lived, but can be propagated easily from either seeds or division.
The flowers produce both nectar and pollen that are eaten by a variety of insects, especially bees. The seeds are also eaten by birds that disperse them. The roots contain a variety of chemical compounds that provide medicinal and curative properties.
The purple coneflower produces a great deal of pollen, which can cause allergic reactions in some people.
Blue Lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica)
The blue lobelia is a low-growing plant native to North America. It has distinctive spikes of flowers that are bluish in color. It produces both upper and lower blooms simultaneously. Its flowers are between 4 to 6 millimeters in diameter and grow in clusters of between 5 to 25 on top of each spike. It has a hairy stalk that is between 7 to 15 centimeters tall.
The blue lobelia is a very attractive wildflower that is easy to recognize. It grows in moist soil and is often found near water, although it is not a water plant and can survive dry conditions. It has a natural range that stretches from southern Canada to the Atlantic. It is found in most of the eastern states of the US.
The blue lobelia is a popular ornamental plant and wildflower with gardeners and farmers. It is easy to cultivate. It attracts bees and other beneficial insects and is easy to recognize due to its unique flower spikes.
The blue lobelia produces both nectar and pollen that are beneficial for bees and other pollinating insects. It is part of the genus lobelia, which is known to be toxic to humans and other animals.
Lilies are a diverse group of plants that are often cultivated for their attractive flowers and foliage. They thrive in moist environments and include familiar garden plants such as the tiger and calla lilies. Wild lilies are found in wet forests across the northern hemisphere and in lesser numbers in similar environments in the southern hemisphere.
Lilies are part of a group of plants that contain toxic substances. These toxins protect them from being eaten by animals and act as a defense mechanism. The toxins are also present on their pollen. Most people who are allergic to lilies also have an allergic reaction to grapes and bananas, which are also part of this grouping of plants.
Lilies are found in forested areas and near rivers and lakes. They have showy flowers that can be white, yellow, orange or red. There are roughly 6,000 species of lilies worldwide, about 200 of which are found in the United States. Some types include the tiger lily, the western onion, and the common trout lily.
Lilies can cause a number of serious allergic reactions in humans and animals. The plant’s toxins can enter the skin, the bloodstream, and the central nervous system. In addition to causing allergic reactions, it can also cause paralysis and breathing difficulties. The worst cases can be life-threatening.
People who have a severe allergy to lilies should avoid visiting areas where the plants grow or even walking nearby.
Lilies are very beautiful but they can be deadly.
Death Camas (Zigadenus)
Death camas is a poisonous flower native to the western half of the United States. It is a flowering plant that grows up to 3 feet high and 6 feet wide, with yellow flowers that have brown stripes. It has a 3-inch long seed pod and grows in open fields, grasslands, and mountain meadows.
Death camas can be easily mistaken for other wildflowers, such as the Western Triteleia (which is also poisonous), the Lilium philadelphicum (which isn’t poisonous), and the wild Onion (which is also edible).
Death camas grows from a bulb and contains toxins that can cause extreme nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and cramps. Ingestion of death camas can lead to severe dehydration and ultimately death through kidney failure. Death camas poisoning is a medical emergency and immediate hospital care is required.
The bulbs, flowers, seeds and stem of the death camas contain toxic alkaloids. Only consume wild onions or wild lilies if you are absolutely sure that they are safe to eat. Remember that even some wild plants can be poisonous so only eat or consume wild plants if you have positively identified them first.
The elder is a medium-sized shrub or small tree that is commonly found in the wild or in gardens. It produces bunches of small white flowers which develop into blue berries. It is very common in most parts of the United States and becomes ripe and ready to eat in late summer and early fall. The ripe berries can be eaten raw or can be made into jam. The leaves, stems and fruit husks should not be consumed.
Elder contains a toxic chemical that can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and potentially breathing difficulties. Ingesting any part of the plant can be dangerous especially if eaten in large quantities.
The roots, stems, leaves and unripe berries of the plant contain toxic chemicals that can cause seizures, heart problems, excessive bleeding and coma. Elder is lethal in larger doses and can be dangerous in smaller doses too. If you think you have ingested elder then you should seek immediate medical attention.
The wood of the elder tree can be made into fishing poles, wooden tools and other objects. It is a very strong and durable wood that does not warp or rot easily.
The elder is part of the rose family of plants and has been cultivated in gardens for centuries. It has been used throughout history in herbal medicines because of its antiseptic properties and because of its effectiveness against colds and flus. The leaves can be applied directly to wounds to help prevent infection.
The fruit of the elder contains a poisonous chemical that can be used to make ink and textile dye. It is sometimes used as a recreational hallucinogenic drug. The fresh or dried flowers can be added to wine and some people like the taste.
Wild Lettuce (Lactuca Virosa)
Wild lettuce is a type of lettuce plant that grows in open fields, meadows, thickets and woods in the eastern part of the United States. It has a stout and thick stem that is pale in color and leafy at the top. It has a bitter taste.
Wild lettuce contains a toxic chemical known as lactucarium. When dried and when smoked or chewed it creates a sense of calmness and relieves pain. It also creates a trance-like state, blurs vision and causes dizziness and confusion. It can also cause nausea, drowsiness, headaches, stomach pains and shivering. It can also affect your heart rate and can be very dangerous to the elderly or people with heart problems.
Wild lettuce contains chemicals that are also present in opium so it has basically the same effects as taking morphine or codeine, such as a relaxed feeling. Lettuce opium can cause respiratory failure and death when taken in large quantities. It should only be consumed under the supervision of medical staff.
The entire plant can be eaten cooked. It can be eaten in soups or boiled and fried like greens. It is high in vitamin C, carotene, thiamine, riboflavin and niacin.
It has been used in traditional medicines to help with loss of appetite, gastrointestinal distress, pain and as a mild sedative. It has also been used to induce abortions however this practice is now very rare.
White Snakeroot (Eupatorium rugosum)
White snakeroot is a type of plant that is native to North America. It has a mostly white flower and can grow up to 3 feet in height. It has been found growing wild in meadows, pastures, fields and prairies.
The roots, stem and leaves can all be eaten but they have a very bitter taste. They can cause stomach pains, vomiting and diarrhea if eaten raw. When cooked they are safe to eat and can be eaten like potatoes.
White snakeroot contains a toxin called tremetol. It acts on the nervous system and can lead to paralysis and death. The toxin can also cause headaches, dizziness, confusion, disorientation, lack of concentration and psychosis. In low doses it causes mild relief from pain, reduced anxiety and a state of psychological relaxation.
The toxic dose of white snakeroot can range from 1-3 grams. It can be absorbed through the skin and so caution should always be taken when handling it.
However white snakeroot does have medicinal uses. It has been used to cure diarrhea and dysentery and to reduce a high fever. It was traditionally used by Native Americans against the common cold and to reduce uterine swelling during menstruation.
It is used in some modern medicines as an anti-spasmodic agent today.
Wild Purslane (Portulaca oleracea)
Wild purslane is a type of plant that has a thick and fleshy leaves and grows all over the world. It has green stems and red flowers. It can have a sour taste.
Wild purslane contains trace amounts of oxalic acid. In large quantities it can be harmful however it has many nutritional benefits.
Purslane contains a lot of vitamin A and C as well as magnesium, potassium and folic acid. It can relieve hydration and nourish the skin. It is often referred to as a superfood due to its high levels of antioxidants which can reduce the risk of cancer and heart disease.
It can be eaten raw, cooked or dried and can be used in a variety of dishes including salads, sandwiches, soups and stews.
Yellow Archangel (Lamium Gileadense)
Yellow archangel is a species of flowering plant that is native to North America. It has thin green leaflets and pink and lavender flowers that grow in spikes. It grows best in sandy and clay soils.
Yellow archangel contains toxic levels of hydrogen cyanide. It has been used as a poison throughout history and was used by Native Americans to poison fishes.
It can be eaten but without first removing the seeds as they contain the highest levels of hydrogen cyanide. Even after removing the seeds it should not be consumed in large quantities. A tea can be made from the leaves but again only in small quantities
Yellow Archangel contains antioxidants, vitamin C and potassium. It is also a natural pain reliever and can be used to treat headaches, rheumatism, muscle pain and neuralgia. It can also help with stress related disorders such as anxiety and restlessness.
It has been used in some modern medicines due to its anti-inflammatory properties.
Young Barberry (Berberis Vulgaris)
The young barberry is a small shrub that has thorns and yellow flowers. It has small red berries that can be eaten. The leaves and stems can be cooked and eaten in a similar way to sorrel.
The berries contain antioxidants, vitamin C, P, iron, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus. They also contain a toxic called berberine which can cause gastrointestinal disturbances, diarrhea, vomiting and other problems when eaten in large quantities.
It should not be confused with the common barberry (berberis aquifolium) which has similar yellow flowers but thornless branches and red berries.
It can be used to treat liver and kidney problems as well as being a blood cleanser.
Wild Carrot (Daucus Carota)
The wild carrot is a plant that has a thin, green stem, long leaf stalks, small leaves and a bright orange root. It can grow to over a meter high. The flowers are white, purple or pink.
The roots are the part eaten and can be eaten raw, cooked or dried. They have a sweet and nutty taste.
The wild carrot contains lots of fibre, vitamin A, B, C and K as well as calcium, iron, magnesium and potassium. It can be used to treat asthma, coughs and colds, skin conditions such as eczema and help with arthritis.
It’s been used to induce menstruation, to treat lens problems such as cataracts and glaucoma. It can also be used to improve vision.
White Bluebell (Hyacinthoides hispanica)
The white bluebell is a small plant that has a creeping habit, linear leaves, a purple flower and grows up to thirty-five centimetres. It has a small white flower that attracts bees.
The leaves and unopened flowers can be eaten. They have a mild taste and can be added to other foods such as bread.
It is typically found on the edges of woodland and in hedgerows.
The white bluebell contains lots of vitamin C, protein, fibre, minerals and a wide variety of vitamins. It can be used to treat coughs, colds and sore throats as well as helping with respiratory problems such as bronchitis and asthma. It can also help with urinary tract infections and prevent kidney stones forming.
The leaf juice can be used as an eyedrops to relieve itchy eyes.
Prickly Bottlebrush (Sarcococca Hookeriana)
Prickly bottlebrush shrub grows up to 3 meters and has small red berries that are sweet and tangy when ripe. It can be eaten but if a lot are consumed it can give a stomach ache.
It is typically found on woodland margins and hedgerows.
The prickly bottlebrush is a good source of vitamin C and can help relieve the symptoms of colds and fevers. It can also prevent coughs and ease the pain of sore throats.
Prickly Lettuce (Lactuca Virosa)
The Prickly lettuce grows in clumps to a meter tall. It has small white flowers with yellow centres and green serrated leaves with wavy margins. The stalk is round and smooth. The seeds grow in corky pits. It is typically found on the edge of woodland and around fields.
The stalks and leaves can be eaten raw or cooked and have a sweet, nutty taste and can be added to other foods to mask the strong flavour.
Prickly lettuce contains lots of vitamin C, some calcium, magnesium and phosphorus as well as smaller amounts of lots of other nutrients. It is a diuretic and so is good for treating kidney and bladder problems. It can also help with digestive issues such as constipation and soothe the digestive tract.
There are some plants that can be used to cure illnesses. To find out which, go to Herbalism.
If you want to use them, you can; but the side effects are not always predictable. The program cannot predict what will happen, only the most likely result.
It may have no effect, or it may save your life. Be careful.
Grinding up plants
To be able to get the most out of a plant, you can grind up it’s parts to make it easier to eat or easier to mix with other foods.
Grinding vegetables takes a sharp blade and a little time. It is possible to cut your fingers very badly if you aren’t careful, so be careful.
Grinding up herbs is even easier as all that is required is a mortar and pestle.
Grind up the item you want to make into a paste or powder and add a little water if necessary.
The items that you can grind up are:
Aloe Vera (Aloe Vera (plant))
Cinnamon (Cinnamum Zeylanicum)
Chilli (Capsicum Annuum)
Garlic (Allium Sativum)
Ginger (Zingiber Officinale)
Nettle (Urtica Dioica)
Nutmeg (Myristica Fragrans)
Oregano (Origanum Vulgare)
Parsley (Petroselinum Crispum)
Pepper (Piper Nigrum)
Rosemary (Rosemari Aquaticum)
Sage (Salvia Officinalis)
Thyme (Thymus Vulgaris)
Violet (Viola Odorata)
Wormwood (Artemisia Dracunculus)
Making a Poison
To make a poison, you need to grind up the ingredients to a very fine paste or powder. This is most easily achieved by grinding up the ingredient in question with a little water to make a paste. Then you dry the paste in the oven and grind it to make a fine powder. Mix this with another ingredient such as sugar or flour and it will be hard to detect in small quantities.
The ingredients that can be used to make poisons are:
Castor Oil Plant (Ricinus Communis)
Coffee (Coffea Arabica)
Ipecacuanha Root (Ipecacuanha)
Opium Poppy (Papaver Somniferum)
Tobacco (Nicotiana Rustica)
All of these poisons will do one of two things, either bring on strong contractions or tightness in the chest to prevent breathing or cause a slight paralysis. Either of these will result in death due to not being able to breath.
It takes a few days for the poison to work, but it is hard to detect in alcohol or food as it has a very mild taste.
You have decided to become an herbalist. You know a lot about various herbs and their effects, both medicinal and poisonous. You make a good living for a woman of your social standing.
You have decided to become an apothecary. You have a good knowledge of herbs and their uses, and you make a living selling remedies to the local people.
You have decided to become a doctor. Your knowledge of science is still limited, but you know more than most and your treatments are often successful. You enjoy a good standard of living.
You have decided to become a physician. You are skilled in the art of medicine, and your living reflects this. You know that your work will help people and make life better for them.
Sources & references used in this article:
Bleeding Hearts by MC Tebbitt, H Zetterlund – 2008 – Timber Press
Bleeding Hearts by K Mostad – The Oval, 2016 – scholarworks.umt.edu
Bleeding Hearts and Bean Counters Working Together—Another Look at the Debate (s) about Holistic Mission and Managerial Missiology by SW Albert – 2007 – books.google.com
Bureaucrats and bleeding hearts: Indigenous health in Northern Australia by JM Price – professorprice.net