Orchid Basics For Beginners Guide To Care For Orchids

What Is An Orchid?

An orchid is a plant with flowers (or petals) that are used in traditional Chinese medicine. There are many different types of orchids including the most common ones such as the daisies, hydrangeas, lilies and others. All these kinds of plants have similar features like leaves, stems and seeds. These plants are called “ooids” because they resemble a human’s head. Some of them even look like animals!

How Do Orchids Grow?

The main difference between orchids and other plants is their ability to grow from seed. Other plants can only produce new growth when cuttings are taken out of it. However, orchids can reproduce through vegetative means too. They do not need any special conditions for germination either.

Orchids Are Easy To Grow?

It is true that orchids are easy to grow. You don’t need much space at all to start growing one. But there are some things you should keep in mind before starting your own orchid garden. First of all, you will need a place where you can keep the plants during winter months. If possible, use a greenhouse since it provides warmth and humidity. You can also keep your orchids in a normal (not heated) room, but you will have to water them more often. Also, they will not bloom as much if they are kept in colder areas. You will need a pot, some activated charcoal, bark and sphagnum moss to start your orchid garden. The pot should be made out of clay or plastic. Avoid metal pots since they tend to conduct heat.

How To Propagate Orchids?

There are two common ways to propagate your orchids. The first one is through division and the second one is by taking cuttings. Divisions should only be performed when the plant gets too big for its pot. Cuttings can be taken whenever you want a new plant from your orchid. To take a cutting, use a sharp, clean object to cut off a part of the orchid’s stem. This part should contain one or more nodes. After doing this, put the cutting in a mix of one part of chopped rye grass and three parts of perlite. Keep the pot in a warm and humid area until roots start to form. You will know it is ready when it turns slightly downward and develops a root system. It usually takes one to three months before your cutting turns into a new orchid plant.

Phalaenopsis Orchids Are The Simplest Ones To Grow?

Phalaenopsis orchids are probably the simplest orchids to grow. They can tolerate wide temperature and humidity swings. They also do not need as much light as other orchids do. These are the reasons why they are great for beginners!

Take your time and learn everything you can about these fascinating plants and soon you will be able to distinguish one orchid type from another just by looking at the flowers!

Sources & references used in this article:

Understanding orchids: an uncomplicated guide to growing the world’s most exotic plants by W Cullina – 2004 – books.google.com

Deferring flowering of greenhouse-grown Phalaenopsis orchids by alternating dark and light by YT Wang – Journal of the American Society for Horticultural …, 1998 – journals.ashs.org

Functional analysis of FLOWERING LOCUS T orthologs from spring orchid (Cymbidium goeringii Rchb. f.) that regulates the vegetative to reproductive transition by L Xiang, X Li, D Qin, F Guo, C Wu, L Miao… – Plant physiology and …, 2012 – Elsevier

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