Honeoye strawberries are one of the most popular strawberry varieties grown commercially. They have been cultivated since 1859 and they were first introduced into the United States in 1862 when a farmer named John F. Kennedy brought some from England to New York City. Since then, there has been no end to their popularity and variety. Today, there are over 2,000 different cultivars of honeoye strawberries available in the U.S., Canada and Europe.
The name “honeoye” comes from the English word “hemp,” which means both “strawberry” and “green.” The name was chosen because it’s a combination of two words that represent the green color of these berries. Most people think that they taste like strawberries, but they’re actually much sweeter than regular strawberries!
Growing Honeoye Strawberries
There are several ways to grow honeoye strawberries. You can plant them in your garden or you can buy them at a nursery. There are many types of horticultural products available for growing honeoye strawberries, including soil amendments, mulches and even compost.
Some growers prefer using organic methods while others use chemical fertilizers. Both options will produce good results if done properly.
Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced gardener, you probably want to know how to grow honeoye strawberries well. First, you’ll need to choose a variety of honeoye strawberry to plant. There are many different types available and they all have different growing characteristics, such as disease resistance and time of ripening.
Most varieties of honeoye strawberries also produce runners and send out dormant buds in the spring, so they can be divided easily to produce new plants. It’s also important to provide support for the berries because they are prone to rot if they are in contact with moisture.
Once your plants are growing well, you can start harvesting them after about three months. Honeoye strawberries will only grow in areas that have mild winters and moderate temperatures, so they can’t be grown everywhere. However, they can provide you with plenty of nutritious and delicious berries for your own enjoyment and to share with friends and family.
Honeoye Strawberry Varieties
The most popular honeoye strawberry varieties grown today are:
— ‘Lanai’: This type of honeoye strawberry grows well in containers and it’s resistant to some common diseases, including red stele and verticillium wilt. It ripens in late spring and produces medium-sized berries that have a firm texture and a taste that’s between a strawberry and a raspberry.
— ‘Velvet’: This is another popular type of honeoye strawberry that’s relatively easy to grow. It’s resistant to some diseases and it produces medium-sized, glossy berries with a rich flavor. This type ripens in mid-spring to early summer.
— ‘Tropical Sunset’: This variety of honeoye strawberry is one of the sweetest types. It ripens in late spring and sends out several stolons (runners) during the growing season. This produces a good crop of berries.
— ‘Seminole’: This type of honeoye strawberry has large, glossy fruits with a rich flavor. It’s resistant to some diseases and it ripens in the spring.
There are other types of honeoye berries that can be grown in different parts of the United States. Some of these include ‘Cape Fear,’ ‘Everglades,’ ‘Fern,’ ‘Kiowa,’ ‘Seminole,’ ‘Seville’ and ‘Volusia.
Honeoye berries are delicious eaten fresh or used in desserts. Some people like to make jam, jelly and preserves with them, too. They’re especially good on ice cream!
You can use them in wine and liquor, as well. Some people dry the berries for future use, although they don’t keep for as long as other types of berries. This is because they have more water than other types.
Honeoye berries are low in calories and high in vitamin C. They also contain potassium, vitamin B6 and manganese. They’re not available in most grocery stores, so if you enjoy growing them in your garden you’ll have a nice treat that’s all yours!
Planting Honeoye Berries
The best time to plant honeoye berries is in the spring. You can also plant them in the fall, but if you live in an area that experiences cold winters, you should mulch your plants well to protect them from the cold.
Honeoye berries shouldn’t be planted outdoors until all danger of frost has passed. You can plant them in pots that are at least twelve inches in diameter so they have enough room to grow. Honeoye berries can also be planted in large containers that have several holes in the bottom for drainage.
This is necessary because they like soil that’s moist, but not soggy.
You should plant the berries about two inches deep and space them about eight inches apart. Keep the soil moist, but not soggy, until you see new growth. If you live in a climate with hot summers, you may need to place a shade cloth over the plants to help them thrive.
Soil and Water Needs
Honeoye berries like soil that is sandy or loamy and drains well. They don’t like “wet feet,” so the soil shouldn’t be soggy or damp, but rather moist. The soil also shouldn’t be nutrient rich, so don’t add a lot of fertilizer to it.
If you want to add fertilizer — and this isn’t necessary — use a half-strength fertilizer. When you plant the berries, add some sand to the soil as this will help with drainage.
These berries thrive in a climate that has cool summers and mild winters. If you live in an area that has hot summers, plant the honeoye berries in an area that receives shade for most of the day. If they’re planted in direct sunlight, the soil will become dry and they won’t grow as well.
Care of Honeoye Berries
Honeoye berries don’t need a lot of care. During the first year after planting, the plants should be watered about once a week unless there has been sufficient rain. Don’t over water them and make sure the soil is well drained.
Fertilize the plants yearly, after they’ve been planted for a year, with one teaspoon of 10-10-10 fertilizer. Scatter this between the plants, but not up against the stems as this could cause damage.
Once the honeoye berries have grown, you shouldn’t need to prune them as they’re not very high maintenance plants. After the plants have produced fruit, cut them down to the ground. This will help promote new growth that will produce more berries.
Now that you know how to grow honeoye berries, you should have success in your garden! They’re not difficult to grow and will give you a tasty treat that’s all your own.
Other names: Honeysuckle berry, Western river raspberry, Western snow berry, Native raspberry, Rocky Mountain raspberry, Cowberry, Buffalo berry, Western snowberry, Deerberry, Dwarf raspberry, Western coral, Western thimbleberry
SPRING CLEAN-UP SURVIVES WINTER’S CHILL
Losing your crop to a hard winter is devastating. Now you have the added expense of replacing lost plants and starting over again. Weeding, fertilizing, pruning, trellising all need to be done after winter’s fury has ravaged your garden.
So make the most of a bad situation and clean up your garden.
First examine your plants, then decide what to do. In most cases you should cut back the majority of perennials and annuals by about two-thirds. If you notice any weak or diseased branches, cut those out as well.
Also inspect the roots. If they look as though they’ve grown into a new area you may want to dig up the plant and move it.
When cutting back shrubs, remove dead or weak branches and cut those that are crossing or rubbing each other. Cut them back to a side branch. After pruning, lightly fertilize with a high nitrogen fertilizer.
If you’re growing peas or beans up a trellis remember they probably changed location over the winter. So you’ll need to realign the plants in their supports. As with any plants, cut back the weak or dying growth to the ground.
Annuals such as petunias, impatiens and others need a good watering and fertilizing to get them off to a good start. Pinch back any blooms to encourage more branching and a larger plant.
Get the most out of your clean-up by checking for weak or diseased areas of soil.
Are there any that need additional fertilizer or compost?
By taking care of your garden now you’re preparing it for this year’s plants, but you’re also setting up your garden for next year as well.
FRESH FLOWERS FOR THE TABLE
Flowers are the decorating element that nature provides to us at no extra charge.
We all enjoy them in our gardens, but did you know that you can also use them to adorn your table in various ways?
As a centerpiece – Pick the bloom that’s in peak season where you live and place it in a clear container filled with water. For example; roses for spring, sunflowers for summer, mums for fall and evergreens for winter. Use a single color or mix them for a modern look. If you’re using flowers with sharp colors, place on a white ikebana stand. If you prefer soft colors, select a darker stand.
As skewers – Use long stemmed roses as a unique way to serve appetizers or hors d’ oeuvres.
As place cards – Fix hearts cut from colored construction paper or thin card stock to skewers and write your guest’s names with fabric pens.
As coasters – Cover confetti eggs with clear nail polish to seal the paper and prevent moisture from damaging them. Arrange them in a basket for your guests to use to set their cocktails on.
As bookmarks – Cut stained glass craft shapes out of card stock and write book titles on them. Punch a hole and thread with colorful ribbon.
Until next time,
Gardening tools can add charm to your garden, if chosen carefully. While yard equipment is utilitarian at best, it doesn’t have to be boring. Below are some that might spark your imagination.
Shovels – These can be found in many designs, but the most whimsical are the wooden ones. Wood not only looks great, but it is durable too. It helps if you live in a zone that gets snow because they make clever snow shovels too.
Hand Tools – Most yard and garden stores sell tools with colored handles. You can also find them at home improvement centers, kitchen supply stores or catalogs that specialize in kitchen items. Look around, you may find some that will match your home’s decor.
Watering Cans – Like shovels and hand tools, watering cans come in all shapes, sizes and materials. If you want to add a little style to this necessary item, look for one with a shape that matches your decor. For example a cowboy motif might look good paired with a western style garden.
Garden Hose – If your garden hose is exposed to the elements it will eventually crack and begin to leak. You can prevent this from happening by storing it inside or in a shady place when it’s not in use. If you do store it outside, cover it with fabric, burlap or plastic.
This will protect it from sun damage and keep it clean.
Gloves – Most gloves are used to protect the user’s hands and while some come in decorative designs, they usually don’t match any particular theme.
Shovels, hand tools, watering cans and garden hoses can be stored in your garden shed or garage. If you choose to put them out in the open, place them in a container of some sort such as a wooden box or a galvanized garbage can so they look neat and orderly.
Sources & references used in this article:
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Integrated management of strawberry pests by rotation and intercropping by JA LaMondia, WH Elmer, TL Mervosh, RS Cowles – Crop Protection, 2002 – Elsevier
The Effect of Cultivation Method of Strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.) cv. Honeoye on Structure and Degradation Dynamics of Pectin during Cold Storage by M Drobek, M Frąc, A Zdunek, J Cybulska – Molecules, 2020 – mdpi.com
Prohexadione-calcium applications to suppress runner growth in strawberries grown in a plasticulture system by DT Handley, JF Dill, RE Moran – Acta horticulturae, 2009 – ir4.rutgers.edu
Scheduling strawberry irrigation based upon tensiometer measurement and a climatic water balance model by E Krüger, G Schmidt, U Brückner – Scientia horticulturae, 1999 – Elsevier
Content of flavonols and selected phenolic acids in strawberries and Vaccinium species: influence of cultivar, cultivation site and technique by SH Häkkinen, AR Törrönen – Food research international, 2000 – Elsevier
Biodegradable mulch films for weed suppression in the establishment year of matted-row strawberries by CA Weber – HortTechnology, 2003 – journals.ashs.org
… plant growth regulators changes associated with adventitious shoot regeneration from in vitro leaf explants of strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa cv. ‘Honeoye’) by H Wang, M Li, Y Yang, J Dong, W Jin – Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ …, 2015 – Springer