How To Grow Black Tartarian Cherries
Cherry trees are not native to Japan. They were introduced into Japan from China around the year 1000 AD. However, they have been growing wild here since time immemorial.
There are two types of cherry trees in Japan: dwarf cherries (cherry tree) and Japanese cherry trees (black tartar). Dwarf cherries are smaller than regular cherry trees and usually grow up to 10 feet tall or less. They produce small fruit called cherries which are rounder and lighter colored than those produced by Japanese cherry trees. Black tartar cherries are larger than regular cherry trees and typically grow up to 30 feet tall or taller. These trees produce large, heavy-flavored fruits with dark red centers. Black tartar cherries require special care because they need full sun to thrive. If left out in the shade, their leaves will turn brown and eventually die off completely. When grown in the garden, black tartar cherries are best planted in rows spaced at least 6 feet apart. Black tartar cherry trees do well when given plenty of room to spread out and grow. Because black tartar cherries are so big, they need lots of space to grow. You may want to consider planting your own cherry tree if you don’t have any nearby space available.
For proper growth and development, black tartar cherry trees require an environment that is rich in organic matter such as compost, leaf mold, and well-aged manure. To create the perfect environment for your cherry tree, dig a hole as deep as the root system of your tree and then surround that hole with the compost, leaf mold, well aged manure, sand and crushed rocks. In order to allow for maximum drainage, make sure that the soil in your hole is not compacted.
Firm the sand, crushed rocks, and soil around the sides of the hole to prevent soil from spilling out of the hole when you plant your cherry tree into it. After creating a perfect environment in your hole, plant your black tartar at the same depth that it was planted in its former container. Use a wooden or metal stake to hold your tree upright if necessary. Staking will prevent your tree from falling over until its roots develop a good anchor to prevent it from falling over. After planting your black tartar cherry tree, add more sand, soil, and compost as needed to fill in around the rest of the trunk. Once you are done, add water and then pack down the soil to eliminate any air pockets or puddles that may be present after adding water. Your tree should be standing at a 70 degree angle with the horizontal. If it is not, use the stake and additional soil to prop it up until it reaches the proper angle.
Your new tree should receive at least 1 inch of water per week. You can either choose to set up a sprinkler system so that your tree receives water every day or choose an alternative method by hand watering. During the first year of growth, be especially careful when watering.
Make sure that you don’t over water and always allow for proper drainage. Your tree’s root system will develop best when it is allowed to dry out a bit before being watered again.
Your black tartar cherry tree can be fertilized monthly from spring to early fall with a 10-10-10 fertilizer. Spread the fertilizer around the drip line of the tree but avoid getting it anywhere near the trunk. Your tree prefers a slower release fertilizer that doesn’t contain any elements that are high in nitrogen as this element causes leaves to turn yellow and promotes mildew and fungi.
Your black tartar cherry tree is susceptible to several diseases and pests. Several of these can be bought under control by creating a healthy environment for your tree. Pests and diseases begin to pop up whenever a tree is planted in an environment that is too wet or too dry, too hot or too cold.
If you do find signs of disease or pest infestations, make sure to take action immediately. Some recommended actions include: placing a 1 inch layer of mulch around the base of the tree to prevent additional stress due to extreme temperatures or suppressing new weed growth, pruning away any dead or dying limbs, and examining your tree on a weekly basis in order to catch anything before it becomes unmanageable.
If you have any additional questions, or if you would like to know how to best care for your new black tartar cherry tree, please send me a message and I would be more than happy to help you.
Black Tartarian Cherry Tree is a small, slow growing, deciduous tree with dense foliage
Dark green leaves turn yellow in the fall creating a golden fall landscape
Bright red fruit adds vibrant color and attracts wildlife during the summer months
A hardy tree that can grow in many different conditions except for wet, poorly drained soil where it may die out
Grows 15-20 feet high and 10-15 feet wide
Includes root barrier to help the new tree get off to a good start by preventing soil from encircling the trunk
Exposure: Full Sun
Height: 15-20 Feet
Width: 10-15 Feet
Soil Type: Sandy, Well Drained, pH 6.0-7.0
Soil pH: 6.0-7.0
Foliage Color: Dark Green
Flowering Season: Non-flowering
Fruit Season: Summer, Fleshy Red Berries
Due to regulations, this plant may not be delivered to Alaska, Hawaii or any of the following counties in the US:
Alameda, CA Marin, CA Riverside, CA Sacramento, CA San Francisco, CA
If you are not certain if we deliver to your state or county, please contact us and we would be happy to check if we deliver to your area.
**Our guarantee ensures that if you follow the directions provided to care for your tree, and your tree dies, you will receive a free replacement tree, or a refund for the purchase price of the tree. We do not guarantee the tree will survive in every climate or landscape. Some of our customers live in very hard climates, and no tree is guaranteed to survive in those conditions.
Our guarantee also does not cover intentional damage, neglect, or abuse.