Evergreen Garden Shrubs – What Are Some Bushes That Stay Green All Year?
Evergreens are one of the most popular plants in your landscape. They provide shade and add color to any room they’re placed in. Evergreens are easy to grow, but it takes some patience because they require constant attention throughout the growing season. If you want to enjoy these beautiful plants year round, then you need to plant them in areas where they will get direct sunlight all year long.
Here’s a list of evergreen shrubs that stay green all year:
1) Rhododendron (Rhododendrons)
The rhododendron is a tree-like perennial herbaceous plant which grows up to 30 feet tall and wide. The leaves are usually dark green, and the flowers are white or pink.
These plants have small rounded leaves that are oval shaped. The stems of rhododendrons do not reach the ground; instead they hang down from above.
2) Blue Flag Fern (Ferns)
Blue flag ferns grow to about 3 feet tall and 4 inches wide. Flowers appear in clusters on each branch, and they last only a few days before falling off.
The leaves are wide and flat. Blue flags are typically found growing in wet soil, marshes, or shallow water.
3) Barberry (Berberis)
The barberry shrub grows up to 15 feet tall, and it usually has an irregular shape. The leaves are small and oval shaped, and they are dark green in color with fine hairs on the top.
Barberry shrubs bloom in late winter or early spring, and they have yellow flowers. These plants have small red berries that remain on the shrub for most of the year.
4) Huckleberry (Vaccinium)
The huckleberry shrub grows up to 12 feet tall and wide. The leaves are green and oval shaped.
These plants typically bloom in spring, and they have white flowers which turn into light purple berries in late summer or early fall. The berries remain on the shrub through the winter months.
5) Japanese Snowbell (Styrax Japonica)
The Japanese snowbell tree grows up to 15 feet tall and 12 feet wide. The leaves are glossy green and heart-shaped.
This plant usually blooms in late winter or early spring, and it has small green flowers which turn into light purple berries in the summer. The berries stay on the shrub throughout the year.
6) Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum)
The maidenhair fern grows up to 3 feet tall and about 6 inches wide. The leaves are thin and sword-like.
This plant typically blooms in late spring to early summer, and it has small black dots on the underside of the leaves.
These six evergreens will give you flowers, berries, or beauty all year round. Now that you know what to plant, you need to decide where in your landscape they will go.
Consult with a professional landscaper for advice on where and how to plant your new evergreen shrubs.
Learn How To Keep Your Landscape Green All Year
Now that you know what plants to use, the next step is to know how to keep your landscape green all year. There are two things that you need to watch out for: over and under watering.
It’s very easy to kill a plant by giving it too much or too little water.
Overwatering occurs when you give your plants more water than they can absorb. This leads to water logging, which is when the roots of your plant are constantly sitting in water.
This drowns the root system of your plant.
Underwatering also kills plants by drowning its root system. In this case, however, the soil is too dry for too long and the root system cannot take in any water at all.
This leads to wilting and eventually death.
There are two ways to combat both of these problems: adding mulch and using a drip irrigation system.
Mulching your plants helps them in two ways. First, it keeps the water from directly hitting the roots which can cause water logging.
Second, it keeps the moisture in the soil around the plant’s root system so that the plant can take it in when it needs to.
You can buy mulch from a nursery or you can just use grass clippings. Just make sure to break up the clippings before applying.
Also, make sure that you don’t put mulch right up to the base of the plant’s stem. This can cause bacteria and fungus growth which will harm your plant.
A drip irrigation system waters your plants for you, so all you have to do is set it up and refill it once in awhile. They do cost money to set up, but they are definitely worth it in the long run.
Now that you know how and what to plant, you’ll be able to keep your landscape green all year. Your neighbors will love it, your boss will love it, and most importantly your plants will love it.
Sources & references used in this article:
American wildlife & plants: a guide to wildlife food habits: the use of trees, shrubs, weeds, and herbs by birds and mammals of the United States by AC Martin, HS Zim, AL Nelson – 1961 – books.google.com
Gardening with native plants of the South by DG Hessayon – 1997 – Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.
Seasonal changes in nitrogen and phosphorus fractions and autumn retranslocation in evergreen and deciduous taiga trees by S Wasowski – 2020 – books.google.com
Seed production, seed populations in soil, and seedling production after fire for two congeneric pairs of sprouting and nonsprouting chaparal shrubs by FS Chapin III, RA Kedrowski – Ecology, 1983 – Wiley Online Library