Cassia tree is one of the most popular houseplants in the world. It’s popularity has been increasing due to its beautiful flowers and easy care requirements. Cassias are native to Asia but they have become increasingly common throughout Europe over recent years. They’re very hardy plants which make them ideal for indoor use where other plants may not be able to survive, or at least thrive, well in your home environment. Cassias are often used in Mediterranean style homes because they’re small enough to fit into tight spaces and their foliage is attractive.
The plant is native to the mountains of Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Nepal. They’ve spread through much of Central Asia including Turkey, Iran and Iraq.
In the past few decades they’ve made their way into South America, Australia and New Zealand where they’re now becoming more common in tropical climates.
Cassia trees are quite adaptable and will tolerate a wide range of conditions. They’re tolerant of high humidity, heat, cold, drought and even full sunlight.
However they tend to prefer slightly cooler temperatures than most other plants so they’ll do better if kept indoors during the winter months. They’re also sensitive to pests like scale insects and spider mites. If these pests get too out of hand then it could lead to their death.
Cassia tree leaves are a bit strange looking because they’re very small and they come in clusters of six from the stem. Their flowers are small and white but can be quite profuse when they bloom which is usually during the warmer months between spring and autumn.
They’re sweet scented and they bloom at night or early in the morning which is why it’s recommended that you place your plant near a window if you want to take advantage of their beautiful smell.
The soil your plant is growing in should be loose and well drained. Cassia trees need a lot of water but they also need room for their roots to grow.
If the soil is too compacted then it can’t provide adequate drainage which will kill your plant. You should repot your tree into a pot that’s got wide drainage holes in the bottom at least once every couple years. When you do this, make sure to use a soil mixture that’s lightweight and porous.
Light is important for the growth of your tree. They prefer full sunlight but if this isn’t possible, then they can survive in lower lighting conditions as well.
During their growing season (Spring and Summer), Cassia trees need at least 6 hours of direct sunlight each day. During the shorter days of the year (Autumn and Winter), they should have at least 4 hours of sun each day. If you can’t provide enough light for your plant, then you should consider keeping it in a window that faces the south so it can get the most amount of sunlight.
Cassia trees are very easy to care for. They don’t require special nutrients and they don’t need to be fed often.
You should water it when the top inch of soil becomes dry. During the first growing season, you should water your plant more often but as it grows, it will become more drought tolerant.
Sources & references used in this article:
The genome sequence of the plant pathogen Xylella fastidiosa by AJG Simpson, FC Reinach, P Arruda, FA Abreu… – Nature, 2000 – nature.com
Management of advanced regeneration in secondary forests of the Brazilian Amazon by RCG Mesquita – Forest Ecology and Management, 2000 – Elsevier
A review on Cassia species: Pharmacological, traditional and medicinal aspects in various countries by S Singh, SK Singh, A Yadav – American Journal of Phytomedicine …, 2013 – academia.edu
CASSIA ANGUSTIFOLIA, A VERSATILE MEDICINAL CROP by YC Tripathi – International Tree Crops Journal, 1999 – Taylor & Francis