What To Feed Banana Plants – How To Fertilize A Banana Tree Plant
The first thing you need to do when growing bananas is to fertilize them. There are several types of banana plants which require different kinds of nutrients. You will have to choose the one that suits your needs best.
You can buy commercially made fertilizer or you can make it yourself. If you want to use commercial fertilizer then follow these instructions:
1) Choose the type of plant that requires the most nutrients.
For example, if you are planning to grow bananas for eating then you must select a plant with high sugar content such as a Cavendish or a Musa balbisiana. These two species produce large quantities of ripe fruit each year and they require lots of water and sunlight to thrive.
2) Buy the right kind of fertilizer.
Make sure that you get potassium nitrate (KNO 3 ) fertilizer for your banana plants. KNO 3 is a good source of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium which helps to increase the growth rate of your banana plants. Potassium nitrate is available in granules or powder form.
3) Mix the fertilizer well before using it on your banana plants.
Normally, the fertilizer is sold as a solid substance so you will need to mix its granules or powder with water to make it into a liquid. Instructions on the fertilizer bag should tell you how much water you need to add in order to turn the solid stuff into a liquid one.
4) Dilute the liquid fertilizer with water.
You should dilute it so that the final concentration of nutrients does not exceed 25% of the total volume. For example, if you need to add 500 milliliters of fertilizer then you should only add 125 milliliters of water. Never exceed the recommended concentration because this can burn the roots of your banana plants.
5) Water your banana plants thoroughly after applying the diluted fertilizer.
The best time to do this is in the morning or around noon because bananas plants need a lot of sunlight in order to thrive.
6) Fertilize your banana plants once every 2 or 3 weeks.
Do not apply fertilizer when it is raining or during a time when there is a lot of wind because this can make the leaves of the banana plant to burn.
You should be able to grow large quantities of bananas using the fertilizer described above. Remember that bananas are very delicious and nutritious so you might find yourself eating more than just one a day!
Video: How to grow banana tree from banana flower
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Sources & references used in this article:
Effects of bioorganic fertilization on growth and controlling Fusarium-wilt disease of banana. by X He, WY Hao, XM Yang, QR Shen… – … Nutrition and Fertilizer …, 2010 – cabdirect.org
Banana by-products: an under-utilized renewable food biomass with great potential by BS Padam, HS Tin, FY Chye, MI Abdullah – … of food science and technology, 2014 – Springer
Influence of organic fertilizer doses and vermicompost on growth and yield of banana. by SI Athani, PR Dharmatti – Karnataka Journal of Agricultural …, 2009 – cabdirect.org
Fertilizer experiment with the Gros Michel banana. by AF Butler – Tropical Agriculture, Trinidad and Tobago, 1960 – cabdirect.org
Effects of novel bioorganic fertilizer produced by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens W19 on antagonism of Fusarium wilt of banana by B Wang, J Yuan, J Zhang, Z Shen, M Zhang, R Li… – Biology and fertility of …, 2013 – Springer
Use of biotechnologies to increase growth, productivity and fruit quality of Maghrabi banana under different rates of phosphorus. by M Attia, MA Ahmed, MR El-Sonbaty – World Journal of Agricultural …, 2009 – cabdirect.org
Banana and its by-product utilisation: an overview by D Mohapatra, S Mishra, N Sutar – 2010 – nopr.niscair.res.in