Types of Fruits and Vegetables

Fruit: These are edible fruits which have been eaten or used as food. They include apples, apricots, bananas, berries, cherries, grapes, kiwis, lemons and limes. Fruit includes citrus fruits such as oranges and grapefruit.

Vegetable: These are plants that produce edible vegetable parts such as roots (potatoes), leaves (spinach) and stems (broccoli). Vegetables include carrots, cucumbers, lettuce, onions and tomatoes.

Cultivar: A type of plant that produces a particular variety of fruit or vegetable. Cultivated varieties are often referred to as cultivars. Examples include blueberries and strawberries.

Variety: A group of plants produced under similar conditions but from different seeds or clones rather than from one parent plant. For example, two varieties of tomatoes may be grown together, but they will not be considered a single variety.

Genus: A genus is a family of related species. For example, the tomato and potato genera are both members of the Solanaceae family. There are over 400 known species within the Solanaceae family.

Classification: Fruits are mainly plants that contain seeds and are divided into two main types, dry fruits and fleshy fruits.

Sources & references used in this article:

Understanding the basis of a novel fruit type in Brassicaceae: conservation and deviation in expression patterns of six genes by M Avino, EM Kramer, K Donohue, AJ Hammel, JC Hall – EvoDevo, 2012 – Springer

Understanding how rootstocks dwarf fruit trees by C Atkinson, M Else – Compact Fruit Tree, 2001 – researchgate.net

Evolution of Rosaceae fruit types based on nuclear phylogeny in the context of geological times and genome duplication by Y Xiang, CH Huang, Y Hu, J Wen, S Li… – Molecular Biology …, 2017 – academic.oup.com

… the transcriptome and proteome of the pulp of a spontaneous late-ripening sweet orange mutant and its wild type improves our understanding of fruit ripening in citrus by J Wu, Z Xu, Y Zhang, L Chai, H Yi… – Journal of experimental …, 2014 – academic.oup.com

Methods for a deeper understanding of the sensory perception of fruit fillings by A Agudelo, P Varela, S Fiszman – Food Hydrocolloids, 2015 – Elsevier

Tobacco to tomatoes: a phylogenetic perspective on fruit diversity in the Solanaceae by S Knapp – Journal of Experimental Botany, 2002 – academic.oup.com

FrUiT: IDE support for framework understanding by M Bruch, T Schäfer, M Mezini – … of the 2006 OOPSLA workshop on …, 2006 – dl.acm.org

Proteomics as an approach to the understanding of the molecular physiology of fruit development and ripening by JM Palma, FJ Corpas, A Luís – Journal of proteomics, 2011 – Elsevier

Textural properties of different melon (Cucumis melo L.) fruit types: Sensory and physical-chemical evaluation by T Bianchi, L Guerrero, M Gratacós-Cubarsí, A Claret… – Scientia …, 2016 – Elsevier

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