Drought Tolerance Of Plants And Flowers
The climate changes over time and it gets hotter or colder than what was previously. Some parts of the world get hot while other parts of the world get cold. These two extremes cause extreme weather conditions such as droughts, floods, hurricanes, tornadoes etc.
In order to survive these extreme weather conditions, plants have evolved different ways to cope with them. They do so by changing their growth habits.
Some plants grow tall and become shrubs or trees. Others grow short and become vines or small bushes. Still others grow close together but not too closely to each other to avoid getting damaged by strong winds.
These plant types have adapted themselves to the local environment, they don’t need any special care, just like humans adapt themselves to various environments around the globe through natural selection.
What Are Drought Tolerant Plants?
It’s important to understand that there are many kinds of plants which can tolerate drought. There are also some plants which cannot tolerate drought at all.
For example, a certain type of tree cannot handle dry conditions at all. So if you want to grow a tree in your garden then you must choose another kind of tree or plant instead. Similarly, some plants will never grow well under very low rainfall levels (less than one inch per month).
The most important aspect of planting drought tolerant plants is to choose the right kind of plant for your region and garden soil type. The reason why some plants cannot tolerate dryness at all can be explained by the type of root system it has.
Plants can be divided into two main categories: trees and herbaceous plants (annuals, biennials, and perennials). Most trees have very deep root systems. That is why a large number of trees can grow even if there is not much rainfall.
Herbaceous plants, on the other hand, have shallow root systems. They need more water than bushes and trees to survive, and they die within a short time if they don’t get enough water.
When you choose drought tolerant plants, you must choose the right kind of plants for your garden. Some trees such as the Date Palm require a lot of water to survive. Others such as the Cactus can survive even in a desert.
However, if you live in an area which receives a lot of rainfall then even drought tolerant plants might not grow that well due to too much moisture in the soil. In this case, you should create a raised garden or grow them in containers (so you can easily take them inside when there is a risk of heavy rain).
The important thing to remember is to choose the right plants for your particular garden. If you live in an area which doesn’t get a lot of rainfall then you should grow drought tolerant plants. On the other hand, if there is a risk of prolonged droughts then you should grow desert plants.
We’ll talk about which plants are best in different regions as well as how to take care of them in containers and raised beds.
Benefits of Drought Tolerant Plants
The single most important benefit of growing drought tolerant plants is that they need much less maintenance than other types of plants such as grass.
If you live in an area which doesn’t get a lot of rainfall then native plants are best for your particular region. Native plants have adapted to the local climate so they require much less water to survive.
If you don’t have time to water your garden every day then consider planting low-maintenance plants. You’ll spend a lot of time on your computer or watching TV instead of wasting time on watering the plants!
Most drought tolerant plants will need little or no maintenance at all. This means that you can spend your free time doing something you really enjoy instead of wasting it by spending hours in the garden watering the plants!
Which Drought Tolerant Plants Grow Best in My Region?
The first thing you should do if you want to grow drought tolerant plants is to find out which plants will grow best in your region.
Some plants can’t survive in areas which get too much rainfall while others won’t grow at all in an area which doesn’t get enough moisture. The plants which grow best in your area are known as ‘native plants’. Native plants have adapted to the climate so they require much less maintenance than other plants.
If you live in a mountainous area then you should grow different types of drought tolerant plants than someone living at sea level. This is because plants at higher altitudes naturally grow much slower than similar plants at lower altitudes.
Other factors such as temperature, humidity and soil type also affect which plants will grow best in your area. To determine which drought tolerant plants will grow best in your region, you’ll need to do some research. One of the best ways of doing this is to use the resources available at your local botanical garden or nature center. You can also do an internet search using keywords related to your region and ‘native plants’.
When you have compiled a list of possible plants then you can take a trip to a local nursery or garden center and buy some soil samples. You’ll need to take these back home and plant them to see which ones grow best. It isn’t necessary to buy the seeds for these plants. It is quite easy to obtain free seeds from fruit such as apples, pears, plums and others.
You can then eat the fruit and plant the seeds directly into the ground.
Now that you have determined which seeds to plant, you’ll need to prepare the soil and plant them. You can buy fresh seeds from fruit such as apples, pears, plums and others. Alternatively, you can extract seeds yourself by chopping up the fruit with a knife and squeezing the pieces to get the juice out.
Put on some old clothes and use a strainer to separate the pulp from the juice. Pour the juice into a container such as a jug and leave it in a cool place for a few days. The seeds will gradually sink to the bottom and become stuck in the thick layer of gunk which forms at the top of the container. Scoop out this gunk, rinse the seeds and then allow them to dry out for a day or two.
Once the seeds are dry you can plant them directly into the ground. Prepare the soil by turning it over with a spade so it is broken up and light. Drop the seeds into your hand and then scatter them thinly over the prepared ground. If you want to grow just one type of plant, then put all the seeds in one area.
For variety, scatter a few seeds in each area you have prepared.
Cover the seeds with soil and gently pat it down to ensure they are in contact with the soil. Water the seeds well with a watering can or hose. Keep the soil moist by giving it a daily watering until the seeds have sprouted.
Once the seeds have sprouted, water the plants regularly. If there is not enough rainfall then you will need to give them an extra watering. Within a few weeks, the plants will start to flower. Pick the fruit when it matures and eat it or plant the seeds again.
Your seeds will continue to grow and flower each year as long as you keep the fruit picked or replant the seeds. You can also take cuttings from the plants using a sharp knife and some long wooden sticks. The cuttings will root easily in a soil mixture of sand, loam and manure.
Once you have a good sized patch of bananas or any other fruit tree you can start trading with your neighbors. Some will be happy for some free fruit. Others may have spare materials such as cloth, basic tools, or pieces of wood that you can use for trade.
Gardening allows you to live completely independently and self-sufficiently from the rest of the community. You may be able to barter with your neighbors for other goods such as meat, gasoline, or matches but it is unlikely that you will be able to afford anything more than a few small items. It is far more productive to grow your own fruit and vegetables than trade for them.
Plant seeds — Grow your own food
With several years of experience and practice in gardening you should be growing all the food that you need. You may feel the urge to try some more advanced methods of growing crops or trying something slightly different such as mushrooms, potatoes, or even coffee.
Coffee is an ideal choice for anyone who wants to grow a cash crop. It grows well in most temperate environments including U.S. states such as California, Hawaii and Florida.
It is cheap and easy to grow, thriving in many different types of soil, although it prefers rich, well drained soil. It grows best at high altitudes, although this isn’t essential, and also prefers a hot climate with temperatures between 60-80 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 40-60 degrees at night.
Coffee plants usually begin producing beans after two or three years. You can pick these yourself and dry them ready to sell or use. To do this, simply pick the green “cherry” when it changes to a lighter brown color. Once you have done this, the seeds inside will be ripe enough to pick out and dry.
Allow the beans to dry naturally in the sun for several weeks before storing. To speed up the drying process you can also place them in your basement or another cool, dry place.
Coffee beans can be stored for several years before using or selling. Once you are ready to sell your crop then you will have to find a buyer. The best way to do this is to find the biggest supermarket chain in your area and approach them. They will be glad to buy your entire crop, giving you a fair price for the beans and allowing you to shop in their stores in exchange for promoting your coffee.
Mushrooms are a favorite ingredient in many gourmet dishes and restaurants across the nation. With mushroom farming, it is possible to grow your own and sell them on to restaurants for a good profit. You can also grow them for your own consumption, picking and eating the mushrooms as you go. This is a fun activity for children and adults alike.
Mushrooms are a type of fungus and grow on or near the ground. They need certain types of soil, as well as moisture, in order to thrive. They will often grow in areas where trees have fallen or died, as they need a vast network of roots in order to spread out and feed from the soil around them. There are countless types of mushroom and each grows in a different way, in various shapes and sizes.
Grow your own mushrooms
Once you have selected the type of mushroom you want to grow you will need to prepare your growing area. This should ideally be a cool, shady place that is mostly indoors. An unused basement is the ideal location. If this isn’t possible, then an area of the garden undercover or in the cover of trees will also suffice.
The floor should be covered with about an inch of chopped up straw or leaves. This will help to keep the moisture in the area and ensure the mushrooms have adequate nutrients to grow. The soil that you place on top of this layer will need to be of a certain type. It should contain plenty of manure, as well as some soil.
The soil is needed for nutrients, while the manure is essential as this is what the mushrooms feed off once they have grown big enough.
Once you have prepared your growing area, it is time to obtain the seeds or ‘spawn’ of the mushrooms. These can be bought from specialist nurseries and online seed banks as well. You can also obtain them by purchasing already grown mushrooms in the supermarket and leaving them to dry. Once dry they can be placed in a container of water and the spores will float off.
These can then be collected and spread over your growing area. Do not touch the seeds as these are likely to cause a rash, utilizing protective clothing is recommended.
Once you have your spawn it is time to get the spores or seeds into the soil. You can either do this yourself or pay for professional gourmet farmers to do it for you. Once this has been done all that is left to do is leave it for around six weeks in a cool, shady place and wait for the mushrooms to appear. Once they do, you can harvest them and sell them on for a profit.
Selling your mushrooms
Selling your mushrooms to restaurants is a good way of making money, but it is unlikely you will have enough to supply all of those in need of your crops. You may either want to limit the varieties grown or look to sell them to retailers. Wholesalers typically buy large amounts of food to sell on at a markup to smaller stores. These smaller stores will then sell the food on to the customer.
This process makes the food more expensive for the customer, but the markup that the store puts on it will mean you make a profit. Some gourmet foods can command up to a 100% mark up in price. You will need to decide if your market is restaurants or private customers that buy from retail stores.
If you are looking to sell to the restaurants then you need to think about where you are based and the types of food that restaurants in your area want. You will also need to consider how much you are willing to travel and how much you are going to charge. If you are based in a rural area then getting to the nearest town every day might take up too much time. Likewise, if there are no restaurants or only fast food places in the area then you may not be able to get enough customers.
Restaurants typically like to use fresh produce rather than frozen or tinned alternatives, so you may find that you have more luck closer to cities rather than deep in the countryside. Some restaurants will only want certain types, so you may find that by growing one species of mushroom that they want, you can sell all of your crop to just that one restaurant.
Sources & references used in this article:
Growth, water relations and nutrition of three grassland annuals as affected by drought by PA Gerakis, FP Guerrero, WA Williams – Journal of Applied Ecology, 1975 – JSTOR
Comparative analysis of expressed sequence tags (ESTs) between drought-tolerant and-susceptible genotypes of chickpea under terminal drought stress by AA Deokar, V Kondawar, PK Jain, SM Karuppayil… – BMC plant biology, 2011 – Springer
Herbaceous ornamentals: annuals, perennials, and ornamental grasses by SL Love, K Noble, S Parkinson… – University of Idaho …, 2009 – extension.uidaho.edu