Figs are one of the most popular fruits in the world. They have been cultivated since ancient times. Some believe that they were first used as food in China around 3000 BC. Since then, they have become very popular throughout history and culture all over the world. Today, there are many varieties of figs available worldwide and each variety has its own characteristics which make them suitable or unsuitable for different purposes. For example, some varieties are suited for use as fruit snacks while others are better grown for their seeds. There are also varieties that produce edible fruits but not much else. These types of figs are called dwarf figs.
Fig trees grow from seedlings, which usually appear at the same time as other plants such as tomatoes and peppers. Fig trees need lots of sunlight and water. They require regular pruning to keep them healthy and vigorous. Pruning helps prevent branches from breaking off and growing into your house or yard.
Once the plant reaches a certain size, it’s ready for harvesting when the fruit is ripe enough to eat.
There are two main ways of feeding fig trees: artificial fertilizers or natural fertilizers. Each has its benefits and drawbacks.
A: Organic Fertilizer for Fig Trees
Organic fertilizer provides nutrients to the soil that help a plant grow healthily and produce more fruits and vegetables. It typically consists of animal manure, human urine, plant waste and other organic materials that contain lots of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Some people believe that using animal manure as fertilizer is more beneficial than using other materials because they think that animal waste contains “friendly” bacteria and other organisms that help plants to grow. This is true for some types of animal waste, but not for all of them.
For this reason, it’s important to research what types of manure are suitable for your needs before you spread it on your plants.
The main disadvantage of using an organic fertilizer is that once the nutrients have been used up by the plant, you need to add more. If you don’t keep adding nutrients, eventually the soil will become “starved” of the nutrients that are necessary for healthy plant growth. For this reason, you need to keep lots of organic fertilizer on hand so that you can reapply it regularly. Alternatively, you could add lots of fertilizer when you initially plant a seedling and then only add it occasionally in the future.
B: Inorganic Fertilizer for Fig Trees
Inorganic fertilizer contains nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. These are often referred to as NPK. The main advantage of inorganic fertilizer is that it’s available anywhere. You can buy it at most gardening centers and you can even order it online.
The main disadvantage is that it doesn’t provide any of the beneficial bacteria and other organisms that are present in animal manure. For this reason, it’s very important that you only buy inorganic fertilizer that has been certified as “natural”. Some brands of inorganic fertilizer are chemically-based and contain harmful ingredients such as arsenic, which can poison the soil. It’s important to avoid these types of inorganic fertilizer.
Another disadvantage of inorganic fertilizer is that it can contain a lot of chemicals. Some people believe that these chemicals can “burn” plants and ultimately prevent them from absorbing vital nutrients.
Growth of the Fig Tree
Fig trees grow best in warm, dry weather. However, they also grow well in rainy and even snowy conditions. They can survive cold weather but they don’t grow as well. In fact, fig trees are deciduous plants which means that they lose their leaves during winter.
Figs are in the flowering plant family, which means that they produce flowers that eventually become fruits. Female fig trees produce a “breba” crop earlier in the season and then a main crop later. Male fig trees only produce one crop through their figs. Although both male and female trees produce delicious figs, only the female trees are used for commercial purposes since they’re the only ones that consistently reproduce.
Figs have an interesting life cycle.
Sources & references used in this article:
… conicaudatus n. sp.(Nematoda: Aphelenchoididae), isolated from the yellow-spotted longicorn beetle, Psacothea hilaris (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) and fig trees … by N Kanzaki, K Tsuda, K Futai – Nematology, 2000 – cabdirect.org
Early domesticated fig in the Jordan Valley by ME Kislev, A Hartmann, O Bar-Yosef – Science, 2006 – science.sciencemag.org
How many babies do figs pay for babies? by DH Janzen – Biotropica, 1979 – JSTOR
Effect of figs fruit (Ficus carica L.) and its leaves on hyperglycemia in alloxan diabetic rats. by FA El-Shobaki, AM El-Bahay, RSA Esmail… – … journal of dairy & food …, 2010 – cabdirect.org
Changes in USDA food composition data for 43 garden crops, 1950 to 1999 by DR Davis, MD Epp, HD Riordan – Journal of the american College …, 2004 – Taylor & Francis
Vicarious selection explains some paradoxes in dioecious fig—pollinator systems by A Grafen, HCJ Godfray – … of the Royal Society of London …, 1991 – royalsocietypublishing.org