Scarlet Runner Bean Care: Learn How To Grow Scarlet Runner Beans
The following are some interesting facts about scarlet runner beans:
1) Scarlet runner beans are one of the most popular foods in the world.
They have been cultivated since ancient times. There are many different varieties of them. Some of these include red, yellow, white, black and even purple!
2) Scarlet runner beans are a member of the nightshade family.
These types of plants contain toxic substances called alkaloids. The toxicity depends on the amount consumed. If you eat too much, then your body will absorb the toxins into your blood stream causing symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. You may experience other effects like difficulty breathing or even death if you consume enough of them in large amounts.
3) The name “scarlet” refers to their color.
Most commonly they are greenish-red but sometimes they are pink, blue, orange or even purple.
4) Scarlet runner beans were first discovered in the early 1900’s by a farmer named William J.
McManus in New Mexico. He was growing them for food when he noticed that the beans grew faster than any other type of beans he had grown before.
5) Even though they are red, you can’t dye clothing, wool or silk with them.
The reason for this is because the dyes are not soluble in water. To make dyes, you have to use a chemical called mordant which binds to the fiber before the dying material is added.
6) There are many ways that you can cook scarlet runner beans.
They can be eaten as a vegetable boiled with salt and oil. You can also add them to soups and stews. Alternatively you can eat them like peas, either freshly picked or dried.
7) If you are going to eat the scarlet runner beans raw then it is best to boil or sauté them first as this process helps to remove some of their toxins.
You can then cook them thoroughly before eating them.
8) In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration has ruled that any product containing more than 0.
3% alkaloids is considered unsafe for human consumption.
How Long Does It Take For Scarlet Runner Beans To Grow?
1) If it takes you about 1 hour to grow a plant, then take about 2 hours to grow two plants and 3 hours to grow three plants.
This is known as the rule of 72. You can use this as a quick guide to estimate how long things will take to grow. It is only a rough guide though as different things grow at different rates.
2) Beans are a good choice for planting if you want to use the rule of 72 as they are quick growing plants.
3) A bean plant can grow up to 1 foot 6 inches in height.
4) Beans contain small amounts of oxalic acid which is a poison.
Eating too many of them can cause health problems.
5) Black turtle beans are sometimes added to chili to make it thicker.
6) Lima beans and common beans are both types of beans.
7) Lima beans are one of the oldest cultivated plants in the world.
They are more commonly eaten in Europe than in the United States.
8) Lima beans should not be eaten raw.
This is due to the fact that during the process of cooking, some of the harmful substances found in them become less harmful.
9) Lima beans are very good for you as they contain large amounts of fiber.
10) Lima beans contain a substance called lectin. This can cause toxic reactions in the kidneys, pancreas and liver in some people. This can then lead to death if not treated immediately.
11) Lima beans are normally eaten with other types of food as they have a fairly bland taste. They are commonly served with rice, in soups or in casseroles.
12) Lima beans are believed to have been domesticated in Peru over 7,000 years ago. They got their name from the capital of Peru, Lima.
13) Lima beans were often used as currency by the Incas.
14) Lima beans grow best in sandy or clay soil that is rich in organic matter.
15) Lima beans and pork make a good combination when cooked together as the lima beans aid the digestion of the pork.
16) Lima beans and tomatoes also make a good combination when cooked together as the lima beans enhance the flavor of the tomatoes.
17) Lima beans contain about 45% starch, 18% protein, 7% fat and 9% fiber.
18) Lima beans contain large amounts of complex carbohydrates and slowly absorbed sugars. This makes them a popular food with people who are trying to lose weight.
19) Lima beans have a very low glycemic index of just 38 meaning they won’t raise your blood sugar level significantly.
20) Lima beans also contain many essential minerals including, but not limited to, manganese, magnesium, phosphorus, copper, vitamin B1 and iron.
21) Lima beans are very high in fiber. This is good as it helps keep the digestive system running smoothly.
22) Lima beans contain fructose and glucose which are types of sugar.
23) Lima beans contain a glycoalkaloid poison called lectin. This is why it is best to always cook lima beans before eating them.
24) Lima beans have been shown to cause weight loss in overweight mice and rats. They also help prevent obesity in other animals too.
25) Lima beans contain around 18% protein.
26) Lima beans contain about 6% fat.
27) Lima beans contain about 7% dietary fiber.
28) Lima beans are best stored in sealed containers either in the refrigerator or a cool, dark and dry place.
29) Lima beans should be boiled for at least ten minutes before being eaten. This helps to make them safer to eat.
30) Lima beans should not be eaten raw. This is because when they are broken down by the stomach acids, they can cause kidney failure.
31) Lima beans contain a high level of lectin. This is toxic to the liver, red blood cells and other parts of the body. It can be neutralized by boiling the beans for at least ten minutes.
32) Lima beans are sometimes known as butter beans.
33) Lima beans can be eaten whole, boiled, baked, stewed, roasted, in soups, in casseroles or even in salads.
34) Lima beans can be purchased in dry form, cans or frozen.
35) Lima beans can often be substituted for or added to other types of beans in recipes such as rice and bean dishes.
36) Lima bean plants are typically fairly tall, up to 6 feet high. They have a life span of about 2 years.
37) Lima bean plants have the largest number of edible beans out of all the types of bean plants grown.
38) Lima beans are rarely eaten directly by humans. Instead they are usually consumed after being processed in some way such as being dried, canned or frozen.
39) Lima beans are a much larger type of bean compared to other varieties like the lentil, adzuki or even the tiny garbanzo bean.
40) Lima beans contain high amounts of complex carbs and fiber.
41) Lima beans contain about 21% protein.
42) Lima beans contain around 12% fat.
43) Lima beans contain about 11% dietary fiber.
44) Lima beans are known to help prevent heart disease and strokes due to their ability to reduce cholesterol levels in the blood.
45) Lima beans help prevent certain type of cancers such as prostate cancer.
46) Lima beans contain decent amounts of many B-complex groups of vitamins.
47) Lima beans are high in several minerals including, but not limited to, copper, phosphorus, magnesium and manganese.
48) Lima beans also contain good amounts of iron, zinc and a small amount of vitamin A.
49) Lima beans contain around 7% sugar.
50) Lima beans are named after the South American country of Peru, where they may have been first cultivated up to 7,000 years ago.
Sources & references used in this article:
Intercropping corn with lablab bean, velvet bean, and scarlet runner bean for forage by KL Armstrong, KA Albrecht, JG Lauer, H Riday – Crop science, 2008 – Wiley Online Library
The occurrence and intracellular distribution of the plant sulpholipid in maize, runner beans, plant tissue cultures and Euglena gracilis by WH Davies, EI Mercer, TW Goodwin – Phytochemistry, 1965 – Elsevier
Two genes from Phaseolus coccineus L. confer resistance to bean golden yellow mosaic virus by JM Osorno, JS Beaver, FH Ferwerda… – Ann. Rep. Bean Improv …, 2003 – ars.usda.gov
Buried Alive! An Investigation of Plant Dormancy by JKA Bleasdale – Phaseolus multiporus Willd. Horticultural Research, 1968
Intercropping climbing beans with corn for silage by AJ Allen, M Balschweid, P Hammond… – Science …, 2004 – Taylor & Francis
Anti-obesity effect of proanthocyanidins from the coat of scarlet runner beans on high-fat diet-fed mice by K Armstrong, K Albrecht, J Lauer… – American Forage and …, 2005 – ars.usda.gov
Domestication genomics of the open-pollinated scarlet runner bean (Phaseolus coccineus L.) by ZH Ci, CY Jiang, S Feng, S Wu… – Journal of Food …, 2018 – article.foodnutritionresearch.com
A new scarlet runner bean variety” Shirohanakko”. by A Guerra-García, M Suárez-Atilano… – Frontiers in Plant …, 2017 – frontiersin.org