Vegetable That Grow In Full Shade: How To Grow Vegetables In The Shade
In the year 2012, the average temperature in India was 28°C (82°F). During summer months it gets hot and humid but during winter months it becomes cold and dry.
So how do you survive the heat?
You don’t! But if you have a vegetable that grows in full shade, then you will be able to enjoy its delicious taste even when it’s cold outside.
What are some vegetables that grow in full shade?
They include beans, peas, lentils, cabbage and cauliflower. These are all very nutritious foods with many health benefits.
How do these vegetables grow in full shade?
There are several reasons why they grow in full shade. Some of them are:
They need light to thrive. Light is essential for plant growth. Plants require sunlight to produce their food and energy which is needed for survival.
If there isn’t enough light, then the plants won’t be able to flourish and will wither up. They need water too!
Some plants need a lot of water and others need a little bit of water. In full shade there isn’t much rainfall so the soil doesn’t get as wet as it would in other places on earth. If water gets into their roots, then the plants can be damaged.
Sometimes too much sunlight can be harmful to plants too. The leaves can burn if they are exposed to too much heat. This can cause irreversible damage or even death to the plant.
Plants need soil to grow in. Some plants need fertile soil with a good balance of sand and mud. Others need rocky soil so they have a stable place to get a root system established.
In full shade there isn’t as much soil moisture as in other places, so it is important for plants to get most of their water from the air. If there is too much water in the soil, then the plant can drown and die.
The type of plant it is also matters. Different plants grow in different places. Some plants are very picky about their living conditions so they only grow in certain places on earth.
Others are more adaptable to adverse conditions and can thrive even in full shade. But too much or too little of anything can kill them.
Too much wind can also kill a plant as well as too much sun, so it is important to know what kind of place you have and how to take care of your plants. If you have too much wind then the leaves will be blown away before they can photosynthesize. Too much sun can burn the leaves.
If you have too much shade then the plant might not be able to produce enough energy. It is all a careful balancing act of too much or too little of one thing.
Too much rain can also be a problem. Water kills plants because it washes away the nutrients that the plant needs for survival. If the water floods the area then the plants can’t get enough air and they drown.
This is why flooding can be so devastating for farmers and gardeners.
Many people think that too much rain is a good thing for plants but if the rain washes away the nutrients then it isn’t really helping the plant to grow. Too much of anything is never a good thing. That is why many farmers have to be careful about the kind of crops they plant.
Some plants need more water than others in order to grow and some can only grow in certain conditions. It is all a careful balance of nutrients, sun, shade, water, etc.
Too much fertilizer can be a bad thing too. Many gardeners and farmers use fertilizer to make their plants grow faster and produce more food or flowers. Just like with anything else however, too much of a good thing can be harmful.
Many plants can’t handle too much nitrogen or other nutrients and can die as a result.
Too much light can also be really bad for some plants. Some plants need a period of darkness in order to thrive. If they don’t get it, then they will start to wilt and die.
This is especially true for plants that are harvested at night (like in my garden). These plants need the dark in order to grow.
Some plants just need to be planted in certain areas. Some plants can only be planted in certain conditions such as the cold or hot climate. It isn’t always true that plants from one climate can be transplanted to another climate.
Sometimes, the plant just won’t take to the new climate and will die.
Also, different plants need different amounts of sunlight in order to flourish. Many plants only need a few hours of sunlight per day and can even survive in full shade. Others need a whole day of sunlight in order to grow properly.
There are some plants such as mushrooms that can even grow in complete darkness. It all depends on the plant and what it needs in order to grow.
So many things need to be considered when planting something. Just throwing a seed into the ground and watering it doesn’t cut it. A lot of thought needs to go into what you are doing and that’s just the plants!
We haven’t even gotten to taking care of animals or raising children yet!
Inigo: “Wow, Papa. I had no idea that so much planning went into gardening.”
Greg: “You want to know a secret, Inigo?
I’m still learning too. I don’t know everything about taking care of everything just yet. I’ve only been doing this for two years and every day I learn something new. One of the reasons why I wanted to speak with you is because, well…I’ll get to that in a bit. First, tell me.
What do you want to ask me?
You looked really confused when you saw me out there.”
Inigo: “Oh, right. Well, I was out for a walk and I saw this woman crying by the well. I thought maybe you were arguing with her or something like that.”
Greg: “Arguing with a crying woman at the well?
Hm…that doesn’t sound like me. I’m not good at dealing with tears. Maybe you should go back and speak to her if you’re so concerned. I’m sure she could use a friendly ear.”
Inigo: “Um, no. That’s okay…
But…well, she was your wife right? …
What happened to her?”
Greg: “Oh…yeah…She’s…d-dead now…”
Inigo: “I’m sorry…”
Greg: “No, it’s fine. I am too, as strange as that may seem. Life is funny that way sometimes.”
Inigo: “Life’s funny in general, if you ask me. But I guess losing a wife by her dying is a lot different than losing one to another woman. It’s good you weren’t divorced.
Divorce is sad as well, but at least it isn’t as final…
Are you alright, Papa?”
Oh…yeah…I’m just a little tired. Well, a lot tired actually. We can finish this talk later, if you want. I just wanted to tell you that dinner will be ready soon.
Inigo: “Alright. Well, I’m going to go outside and play for a little while longer if that’s okay.”
Greg: “Sure thing, kid. I’m going to get washed up and changed first though. I’ve been working in the garden for hours now.
I could use a break. I’ll see you in a bit.”
Inigo: “All right. I’ll be here.”
Greg: “Great. See you soon, kiddo.”
Inigo: “See you later, Papa.”
Greg smiles as he watches you leave the room, before getting up from his chair to walk towards his bedroom.
Greg: “I’m glad I got to speak with you today, Annie…Even if you weren’t really there.
I’m going to have to make sure to visit your grave more often. Now, what should I wear…? Something nice, but not too fancy…Ah, I know!”
You spend some time preparing yourself for dinner and Inigo eventually comes back in to wash up as well. You meet him in the dining room just as Jacob enters the house with several plates of steaming food.
Jacob: “Alright, dinner’s here! I even made extra for you, Mr. Rob—I mean Greg.”
Greg: “Thanks, Jacob. It looks wonderful! Now, let’s eat!”
Over dinner, you and Inigo talk to Greg about many things: His experiences in the army, his time as a teacher, his travels, and more. Greg seems happy to speak with you both and he answers any questions you have for him to the best of his ability. Eventually, after finish your meal, Jacob comes back in to pick up the plates.
Jacob: “Dinner is served. If you need anything else, please let me know.”
Inigo: “Thank you, Jacob. You’ve been a great help.”
Jacob: “Of course. Goodnight.”
After Jacob leaves, you turn your attention back to Greg.
Inigo: “So, what should we do now, Papa?”
Greg: “I don’t know about you, but I’m pretty tired. It’s been a long day. I think I’ll retire to bed now.
Do you have a problem with that?”
Inigo: “Not at all. We’ve been going non-stop since early this morning. I could use a rest as well. We’ll just clean the dishes and then head to our rooms.
Sources & references used in this article:
Photoselective shade netting integrated with greenhouse technologies for improved performance of vegetable and ornamental crops by Y Shahak, E Gal, Y Offir, D Ben-Yakir – International Workshop on …, 2008 – actahort.org
Growth analysis and shade experiment with Solanum nigrum L., the black nightshade, a leaf and fruit vegetable in West Java. by F Fortuin, SWP Omta – NJAS wageningen journal of life sciences, 1980 – library.wur.nl
Experiments upon vegetables: discovering their great power of purifying the common air in the sun-shine, and of injuring it in the shade and at night. To which … by J Ingenhousz – 1779 – books.google.com
Integrated floating cage aquageoponics system (IFCAS): an innovation in fish and vegetable production for shaded ponds in Bangladesh by MM Haque, MR Alam, MM Alam, B Basak, KR Sumi… – Aquaculture …, 2015 – Elsevier
Productivity of vegetable crops in a region of high solar input. I. Growth and development of the potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) by PJM Sale – Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 1973 – CSIRO
Best Shade-Tolerant Vegetables by C Vanderlinden – … -gardening/shade-tolerant-vegetables …, 2015 – usagardencompany.com
Findings and challenges: Can vegetables be productive under tree shade management in West Java? by G Manurung, AD Susila, JM Roshetko, MC Palada – 2008 – vtechworks.lib.vt.edu