Creating Bougainvillea Bonsai Plants: How To Make A Bougainvillea Bonsai Tree
Bougainvilleas are very popular in tropical countries such as Japan, Korea, China and many other Asian countries. They have been cultivated since ancient times. Their name comes from the French word “bougere” which means “to grow”. The species is called “Bougaine des Mousseaux” or “Mountain Palm” in English.
These plants are native to the Andes Mountains in South America. There are two types of these trees: those with leaves and those without.
The leaves of the mountain palm have long petioles (stems) while the stems of the plant are short and pointed at both ends. The stem is usually branched into several branches, but it can be straightened out if necessary. The flowers of the mountain palms are small white blossoms with yellow centers.
They grow up to 30 feet tall and produce large fruits that resemble miniature coconuts. These fruit are round, oval or oblong in shape and weigh between 2-5 pounds each. They are covered with tiny black seeds that contain their own juices when they germinate. When ripe, they turn brownish red inside and outside and then split open to reveal the pulp inside.
In some countries, the mountain palm trees are also known as “cardon cactus”, “cardoon”, “cardone”, or even “carden”. In their natural habitat, lowland areas of the Andes Mountains and parts of the Atacama Desert they live up to an age of 200 years. When grown throughout the world they can reach a maximum age of 40-80 years.
The mountain palm is considered to be a symbol of purity, traditional marriage and happy marriage in ancient Sanskrit and Tibetan texts. It is also regarded as a sacred plant in those areas. It was believed that the mountain palm grows from under the earth to the sky and then back to the earth again, where it shares its precious water with thirsty travelers. If you are wondering how this plant is capable of surviving in such a dry place, the answer is underground water.
Up to 40 feet beneath the soil there is a water table that has enough moisture for these plants to survive.
Bougainvillea are mainly grown as ornamental plants and are very popular in South American countries like Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, Ecuador, Uruguay and of course Chile. It needs a moderate climate with plenty of sunshine and clear skies. It grows on any kind of soil as long as it contains nutrients. The plant can survive in temperatures from 40-120 degrees Fahrenheit.
It gets its water supply from the moisture of dew, fog and rainfall. This plant is considered to be fairly low maintenance and easy to grow in any climate or environment.
The only two things that can damage bougainvillea are frost and pampering. They cannot survive frost or cold weather conditions. Watering bougainvillea too much can also be damaging. As they say, “Too much of anything is bad”.
This plant thrives in dry, sandy and rocky soil and grows wild throughout the Mediterranean area of Europe. It is a hardy shrub that is well adapted to coastal conditions.
There are different varieties of bougainvillea:
1). Bougainvillia papilio – One of the most popular types. It has clusters of magenta flowers that bloom all year long.
2). Bougainvillea glabra – Grows to a height of 6-12 feet and thrives in temperate conditions. It’s leaves are light green in color, glossy in appearance and oblong shaped.
3). B. spectabilis – This is native to South America and has attractive red, pink and purple flowers.
4). B.franca – This is the smallest species of bougainvillea that grows wild in the arid and barren regions of the Canary islands and on the dry hillsides of the Mediterranean.
5). B. trigona – Has dark green leaves with purple veins and white flowers with pink spots. They bloom profusely in spring.
Bougainvillea are mainly used to beautify landscapes and can also be grown indoors as decorative pots and vases. In South America, the flowers are used to make tea and healing balms. The leaves are used for making paper. When dried, the leaves can also be smoked like marijuana.
Bougainvillea get their name from the French explorer Louis Antoine de Bouganville.
Within the next few minutes I will gladly accept your questions on bougainvillea or any other information that you would like to know about plants.
Thank you for your time. Have a green day!
Sources & references used in this article:
Bougainvillea by KD Kobayashi, J McConnell, J Griffis – 2007 – scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu
Effects of indole-3-butyric acid on the rooting ability of semi-hardwood Bougainvillea sp. cuttings by MB Asl, S Shakueefar, V Valipour – Modern Applied Science, 2012 – researchgate.net
64 Popular Types of Bonsai Trees You Can Grow by E Tovar – florgeous.com
Effect of sucrose and kinetin on the quality and vase life of Bougainvillea glabra var. Elizabeth angus bracts at different temperature by A Hossain, AN Boyce, N Osman – Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 2007
Bougainvilleas by P Lesniewicz – 2004 – Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.
Bonsai: symbol of culture, ideals, money and beauty by KM Moneruzzaman, AN Boyce, H Abms… – Australian Journal of …, 2010 – eprints.um.edu.my
Evolution in Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea Commers.)-A review by DP Watson, RA Criley – 1973 – scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu