Lombardy Poplar Facts About Longevity Of Tree
The longevity of tree is not only related to its age but also to its environmental conditions. Trees are able to live longer if they have good soil quality, adequate water supply, and a suitable temperature range.
Trees may live up to 100 years or even longer depending upon their environment.
In general, trees are able to survive better in warmer climates where there is less frost than in colder climates. However, it depends upon the species of tree and climate conditions.
For example, some species of oak (Quercus spp.) can live up to 300 years while others such as redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) cannot live past 500 years.
As far as climate change goes, it affects all living things. Some species of trees will grow faster than others.
If temperatures rise due to global warming, then these trees will suffer more damage than other types of trees. This is because most of the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere comes from burning fossil fuels like coal and oil which releases heat into the air causing temperatures to increase. Therefore, if temperatures go up, so do the chances that a tree may die off prematurely.
The fact is, trees are living things that have a life span just like humans. This means that no tree lives forever even though they can grow to be very old.
The oldest known tree on Earth was a Great Basin bristlecone pine (Pinus longaeva) called Methuselah, which was 4,843 years old when it was cut down in 1957 by a professor and his forestry students from the University of California, Berkeley.
Lombardy Poplar Facts – Foliage
The leaves of the lombardy poplar are green on both sides with a lighter shade on the underside. The leaves are either smooth or have very short hair, but are not fuzzy.
In addition, they are shaped like large hands with long fingers and are approximately 2 to 5 inches long and 1 to 2 1/2 inches wide. The leaves are attached to the twigs by short leaf stalks. New shoots are either red or purple.
Lombardy Poplar Facts – Root System
The root system of the lombardy poplar is extensive. The roots can extend laterally up to 40 feet from the base of the tree and spread out 6 to 8 feet wide.
The roots can reach depths of up to 15 feet. These roots make the lombardy poplar a very stable tree that can withstand strong winds and heavy snow loads.
Lombardy Poplar Facts – Stems And Branches
The twigs of the lombardy poplar are reddish brown in color and are stout and slightly angled. The twigs are also smooth and hairless and may have short side branches.
Small bat-like structures (called wings) are found where the small branches attach to the main twig.
The lombardy poplar has green, drooping catkins located at the ends of the twigs. These can be up to 1 inch long and contain small pollen sacs that are covered with yellow hairs.
These catkins appear in early spring before the leaves sprout. The female flowers develop into hairy seed capsules that turn brown in late summer.
Lombardy Poplar Facts – Size And Longevity
The lombardy poplar is a fast growing tree. In favorable conditions, it can grow up to 36 inches in a year.
When the tree reaches full maturity it can range from 60 to 90 feet in height and 2 to 3 feet in diameter. It can live up to 300 years, but on average lives 200 to 250 years due to deforestation and disease.
Lombardy Poplar Facts – Wildlife
The lombardy poplar is a very important tree for wildlife, especially during the winter time. It provides a source of food and shelter for many birds and mammals.
The foliage is eaten by many types of songbirds, ducks, and game birds during the late summer and fall. It also provides cover for small mammals and insects.
Lombardy Poplar Facts – Human Uses
The wood from the lombardy poplar is a very soft wood that has very little strength. It has been traditionally used to make crates, pallets, and other packing materials.
It has also been used for making paper, doors, windows, and woodenware.
In the past, the tree’s foliage was sometimes used for salads and as a tea substitute. It was also sometimes used as a fodder crop for cattle and sheep.
The lombardy poplar is still occasionally grown as an ornamental shade tree in parks and large yards.
Lombardy Poplar Facts – Threats
The lombardy poplar is not threatened or Endangered. It is classified as a species of least concern due to its widespread occurrence, tolerance of poachers, and replacement with hybrids of the tree.
However, the lombardy poplar is considered a non-native invasive species in some areas. It was introduced into Britain in 1688 and quickly spread throughout England.
It is also present in the United States, New Zealand, Australia, and South Africa. It spreads very quickly due to its extensive root system, forming dense stands that displace native plant communities.
Lombardy Poplar Facts – Interesting Information About Lombardy Poplar Trees
The lombardy poplar is a close relative of the yellow-poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera), which is more common in southern United States. The lombardy poplar can be easily confused with the tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera), which has similar flowers and foliage, but the leaves of the lombardy poplar point down, while the leaves of the yellow-poplar point up.
The lombardy poplar is one of the parents of the hybrid Leyland cypress. The other parent is the Nootka Cypress (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis).
The hybrid was created in the late 1800’s and is a popular choice for hedges in Europe.
More Lombardy Poplar Facts
The lombardy poplar is native to Europe, but got its name from being cultivated near Milan, which was once part of the Kingdom of Lombardy.
The lombardy poplar is related to the american white pine (Pinus strobus) and Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris).
Unlike most other types of conifers, the lombardy poplar begins to flower when it is between 6 and 10 years old. The flowers are unisexual and grow in clusters.
They produce seeds parthenogenetically, meaning they do not require pollination.
Due to their similarities, the lombardy poplar has often been classified as a variety of the American white pine (Pinus strobus), or even as a subspecies of it.
The foliage of the lombardy poplar is softer and less prickly than the American white pine.
The lombardy poplar has been occasionally been hybridized with the Swiss stone pine (Pinus cembra) to create a denser, shorter tree.
The lombardy poplar is dioecious, meaning that individual plants are either male or female. The seeds only develop if pollination has occurred, as the male pollen must be fertilized by the female flowers.
The lombardy poplar is often used for making plywood due to its straight, easily separated white wood.
The foliage of the lombardy poplar was used to flavor drinks and food in the past. It is no longer used for this purpose due to its toxicity.
Learn More About the Other Types of Conifers
Sources & references used in this article:
The urban tree book: an uncommon field guide for city and town by DW Adams, LLS Burchfield – 2013 – Timber Press
Tree form, size and colour: a guide to selection, planting and design by A Plotnik – 2009 – books.google.com
London Cemeteries: An illustrated guide and gazetteer by B Gruffydd – 1994 – books.google.com