Zone 4 Cherry Trees: Choosing And Growing Cherries In Cold Climates
Choosing And Growing Cherries In Cold Climates
The first thing you need to do when growing cherries is to choose the right climate. If you live in a cold climate, then it will be difficult for your trees to grow well. You have two choices:
1) Grow them in a warmer environment or 2) Grow them outside where they are able to get some sunlight.
Grow Them Outside Where They Are Able To Get Some Sunlight
Growing cherries outdoors is not recommended because the temperature may drop too low. Also, there is always risk of frost damage. However, if you want to grow cherries indoors, then it’s possible to do so. There are several types of indoor plants that can be used for growing cherries.
The most common ones are cherry trees (Strelitzia spp. and Siderocladus spp.), strawberry plants (Fragaria vesca), peach trees (Prunus persica), plum trees (Platanus ovata), pear trees (Pyrus communis), apple trees (Malus domestica) and crabapple trees.
If you decide to grow your cherries inside, then you must consider the following factors:
How much light does your house receive? Does it get enough sunlight?
2) Where are you placing the plant?
It needs to be a suitable location for it. 3)
How big will the plants get?
You need to make sure that there is enough space for their roots.
Grow Them In A Warmer Environment
Your other choice is to grow cherries in a warmer environment. This can be done by placing your tree in a large container and then keeping it outdoors during the day. When night comes, bring it inside your home. You will need to place the container somewhere where it can get sunlight.
Choose A Suitable Location For Your Tree
Once you have chosen the location for your tree, dig a hole in the ground. Place the tree inside the hole and fill the hole with soil. Water the tree so that the soil becomes moist. After this, spread mulch or fertilizer around the base of your tree.
The mulch should be about 3 inches deep. Spread the fertilizer at a ratio of 10-10-10 (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium).
Caring For Your Tree
Cherries are heavy feeders so you will need to provide them with nutrients. Water your tree whenever the soil becomes dry. In addition to this, apply mulch or fertilizer on your tree at a ratio of 10-10-10 every month. This will provide the necessary nutrients for the tree.
You also need to prune your tree from time to time. This helps it to grow healthy and strong. You may also need to provide support for your young trees. If you fail to do this, then the trees may lean or fall down.
Harvesting Your Cherries
You can start harvesting your cherries once they reach a size of 1 inch in diameter. You need to be careful while harvesting them because the fruit is easily bruised and damaged. You can start eating the cherries immediately or store them in the refrigerator.
Harvesting When Growing Cherries Indoors
Before the cherries ripen, you can actually harvest and eat the leaves of the plant. Simply cut off a few and add them to a salad. Cut off leaves should be eaten immediately since they do not keep well. You can also blend them into a fresh juice.
Harvesting When Growing Cherries Outdoors
The best time to harvest your cherries is when they are completely ripe. You can tell when they are ripe if the stem that connects the fruit to the tree easily pulls away. Make sure to wear gloves while harvesting since the trees may have some sharp spines or thorns.
You can either eat the cherries immediately or store them in the refrigerator.
Growing cherries is easy as long as you follow the instructions given in this guide.
Did You Know?
The first cherry trees were found in North America. These trees are native to the region. It was 1648 when the first European saw the trees when they were exploring the area.
Native Americans saw these trees as a symbol of peace and friendship. For this reason, they were often planted near meeting places and villages.
Cherries have been popular as a dessert fruit for more than a thousand years.
Cherries are also used in the production of liqueurs, wines, and preserves.
Some species of the sweet cherry can be found in East Asia, Europe, North America and parts of North Africa.
The medicinal properties of the cherry fruit make it effective in treating conditions related to the heart.
Cherries contain melatonin, a naturally occurring hormone. This hormone is known to improve sleep quality.
A chemical called pentadin is found in the pits of cherries. Pentadin helps in relieving pain.
Cherries that have dark flesh are sweeter than those with light flesh.
Cherries are also rich in Vitamin A and low in calories.
Fingerprints remain visible on the surface of cherries because of the chemicals present on their skin.
White cherries become red when they are exposed to sunlight.
Cherries contain natural pesticides that protect them from getting destroyed by insects and other small pests.
The pits contain cyanide. Eating a large number of these pits can be harmful.
In the United States, more than 18 million pounds of cherries are harvested each year.
The largest cherry tree in the world can be found in the US. It is located in California and is almost 100 feet tall and around 80 feet wide.
The scientific name for the sweet cherry tree is Prunus avium.
In some parts of Europe, cherries are used in the treatment of insomnia, nervousness, and mental exhaustion.
Almost every part of the sweet cherry tree can be used for some purpose. Its leaves can be chewed as a treatment for mouth and tooth aches, and headache. The bark is often dried to create headaches treatments. The wood is often used to make furniture.
Cherries contain a compound called melatonin. This is effective in the treatment of insomnia and sleep related disorders.
Cherries are also known to have pain relieving properties. They can be directly applied to wounds and sores to provide relief from pain.
The dried pits of cherries can help in the treatment of kidney stones and gallstones.
The pit of cherries can be crushed and added to the skin to create a dark pigment for coloring it.
Cherries contain a compound called amygdalin. This helps in breaking down the stones in the kidney.
The pits, when chewed, help in recovering broken teeth.
Cherries are effective in treating inflammation and swelling in gums and sore throat.
Cherries are effective in getting rid of the hiccups. All you have to do is to hold a fresh cherry in your mouth.
Cherries can be used as a natural and gentle alternative to bleach.
They can also be crushed and applied directly on the teeth to remove plaque, tartar, and other stains.
Cherries are rich in antioxidants and vitamins and can be used as a face pack to protect the skin from signs of aging.
The cherry fruit can be dried to make a powder which can be used as a face pack to control acne and pimples. It can also be mixed with rose water or milk for the same purpose.
Cherries can increase the flexibility of the skin and elasticity and keep it wrinkle free. This is because they are rich in antioxidants.
Cherries act as an anti-inflammatory agent and help in relieving pain caused due to inflammation.
Cherries are beneficial for people who suffer from hypertension. They can be chewed to relieve stress and tension.
Cherries have a high content of potassium, which is good for the heart and nervous system. It is also known to regulate the heartbeat and reduces cramps and muscle spasms.
Cherries can be dried and crushed to obtain a juice that can be boiled to make syrup. It has various uses and is good for the respiratory system.
Cherries act as a sedative and can help you sleep better at night. A cup of warm milk with a few cherries can do the trick.
Cherries are effective in treating viral infections like the flu and cold.
Cherries also contain melatonin, which is an antioxidant that helps in fighting free radicals and can slow down the aging process of the skin.
Cherries contain rich ingredients that can be used as a facial peel off mask which can eliminate blackheads.
Cherries also help in increasing the blood circulation and act as a stimulant.
Cherries can be used as an effective treatment for diarrhea as they are high in dietary fiber content.
Cherries also contain flavonoids, which are effective in lowering the risk of heart diseases and strokes.
Dark cherries are also effective in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease like colitis.
They are beneficial for women as they can help in the development and growth of bones.
Cherries are also effective in treating sore and aching gums, giving you a healthy set of teeth.
They are useful in the prevention and cure of rheumatism and arthritis as they relax the muscles and improve the blood flow.
Cherries can also be used as an aphrodisiac as they are rich in antioxidants and promote sexual health.
Cherries can be dried and crushed to obtain a juice that can be boiled to make syrup, which is good for the respiratory system.
The cherry fruit is rich in nutrients and minerals that are essential for a healthy heart. They are also effective in lowering the bad cholesterol levels in the body.
Cherries are effective in curing respiratory problems like asthma and other allergic reactions.
These little red delights can be of great help for people who have a problem in sleeping. Just eat a few before you hit the sack and say goodnight to insomnia.
Cherries have antiseptic properties which can soothe sore throats and laryngitis.
Cherries are also effective in treating macular degeneration and vision loss due to old age.
Cherries are very beneficial during and after pregnancy as they help in the development of the fetus’s eyes.
They also improve the elasticity of the skin and keep it wrinkle free.
Cherries contain melatonin, which is an important antioxidant that helps in fighting free radicals present in the body. This helps in slowing down the aging process of the skin.
Cherries are effective in increasing the supply of blood towards the heart and can eliminate the build up of plaque deposits. This prevents the risk of a heart attack.
The cherry fruit is also an effective remedy for gout as it contains high levels of natural medicative ingredients like uric acid and melatonin. They give instant relief from painful flares and can prevent further damage.
Cherries are also effective in curing abdominal pain, bloating, and indigestion caused due to gastritis.
Cherries can be used to cure a number of irritating conditions like coughs and colds, sore throat, earaches, and even intestinal worms.
People who suffer from allergies should add cherries in their diet as they are very effective in treating allergic reactions and inflammations of the skin.
There are no major side effects of consuming cherries.
A person should not consume more than 5 pounds of cherries per day, otherwise his body will start expelling the unnecessary bulk in the form of diarrhea and vomiting.
Cherries can be used as an effective remedy for treating various diseases and health issues.
Adding cherries in your daily diet can help you lose some extra pounds and get into a perfect shape.
Cherries can be eaten raw, dried, preserved, canned, or cooked.
People who are suffering from gout should consult their doctor before adding cherries in their diet as they may or may not be having any effect on their condition.
Cherries are one of the most delicious and tasty fruits available in the market. They are not only sweet to eat but are also a great source of nutrients which are essential for a healthy body and skin. These red little delights can keep you away from many diseases and health issues. They can provide instant relief from pain and can keep several diseases like cancer at bay.
Cherries are very easy to incorporate in your daily diet as they can be eaten raw, cooked, preserved, or canned. So go ahead and eat as many cherries as you want as they are very healthy and nutritious.
Sources & references used in this article:
Identification of chilling and heat requirements of cherry trees—a statistical approach by E Luedeling, A Kunz, MM Blanke – International journal of biometeorology, 2013 – Springer
Cherries by WS Brown – 1932 – ir.library.oregonstate.edu
The impact of climate change on cherry trees and other species in Japan by RB Primack, H Higuchi, AJ Miller-Rushing – Biological Conservation, 2009 – Elsevier
Growing cherries in Virginia by RP Marini – 2009 – vtechworks.lib.vt.edu
Predicting the timing of cherry blossoms in Washington, DC and mid-Atlantic states in response to climate change by U Chung, L Mack, JI Yun, SH Kim – PLoS One, 2011 – journals.plos.org