What Is English Hawthorn?
English Hawthorne (Hedera helix) is a member of the mint family. It belongs to genus Hedera which includes such plants as pennyroyal, spearmint, lavender and many others. English holly is native to Europe but it was introduced into North America in the early 1800’s where it quickly became established in the southern states. Today, it grows wild throughout much of its range including New England and northern Florida.
Hawthorn trees are members of the mint family. They belong to genus Helianthemum and they include such species as mint, chamomile, marjoram, thyme and many others. Hawthorn is native to Asia but it was brought over to North America in the late 1700’s when European settlers first planted them in their gardens.
It soon spread rapidly across the continent and today it is found from Maine to California.
The leaves of English holly are used medicinally. They have been known to treat cough, colds, bronchitis, asthma and even cancer. The berries contain a natural diuretic and have antispasmodic properties.
They are also thought to aid digestion and prevent diarrhea. Other uses include treating rheumatism, headaches, depression and insomnia.
How To Grow English Hawthorn Tree?
The easiest way to grow an English holly is from a cutting. You can do this by taking a branch from an established tree, stripping off all the leaves and planting it in damp soil. The best time to take cuttings is in the spring when new buds are starting to sprout. If you don’t have access to an English holly now you can order a tree online.
Sources & references used in this article:
Host plant use by and new host records of apple maggot, western cherry fruit fly, and other Rhagoletis species (Diptera: Tephritidae) in western Washington state by WL Yee, RB Goughnour – The Pan-Pacific Entomologist, 2008 – BioOne
Our Old Home: A Series of English Sketches by N Hawthorne – 1880 – books.google.com
Was there really a Hawthorne effect at the Hawthorne plant? An analysis of the original illumination experiments by SD Levitt, JA List – American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 2011 – aeaweb.org
Hawthorn: pharmacology and therapeutic uses by JM Rigelsky, BV Sweet – American Journal of Health-System …, 2002 – academic.oup.com