Growing Chrysanthmae From Seeds
The most common way to start growing chrysanthemums is with seeds. These are easy to grow and produce large amounts of flowers every year. However, they do not last very long because they require constant attention and tending. They need light, water, fertilizer and protection from cold weather conditions (even if it’s just a little). If you want to grow them indoors, you’ll have to provide all these things yourself.
You may even end up spending a lot of money on seeds or fertilizers.
If you’re looking for something simpler than seeds, then there are other ways to get started with chrysanthemums. One of the easiest methods is by starting with cuttings from seedlings grown from cuttings taken from plants already established in your garden. Cuttings can be planted directly into soil or potting soil. Once the plant grows roots, you can remove the cutting and replant it in its own container. A good method to begin with is to use a small plastic bag filled with peat moss mixed with perlite.
Fill the bag completely so that no air remains inside. Place the cuttings in a sunny location where they will receive full sun all day long. Never let the soil become completely dry or overly wet. When the roots begin to grow and cover the inside of the bag, remove it and place it in a larger container with loose soil. Be careful not to damage the new roots when you move it from one container to another.
Another easy way to get started is by collecting seeds that have fallen from a chrysanthemum plant in your own garden. These can be mixed with sand, soil and fertilizer. Cover the mixture with a plastic bag and keep it in a warm and dark place. After about a month, you should see little sprouts begin to grow. Once they’re about an inch tall, move them to a sunny location where they’ll receive at least six hours of direct sunlight every day.
In addition to the above methods, you can buy potted chrysanthemums that are already growing. These plants are usually available in every nursery. When you buy them, inspect them carefully for insects or disease that can harm your garden plants. Also look at the roots and make sure they are firmly planted in the soil. If possible, ask the nursery owner where they purchased them from so you can get more of the same type next year.
No matter what you do, if you’re starting from seeds or cuttings, it will take several years for your plant to grow to a size where it can be transplanted into your garden. In the meantime, be sure to provide adequate sunlight and water to your potted plants. Once your plants have grown to at least eight inches tall, they’re ready to be transplanted into a garden of their own. If you keep them in pots for too long, they’ll become pot-bound and won’t be as healthy or grow as big as they could’ve.
One common way to grow chrysanthemums is from divisions. This means digging up a portion of the plant and transplanting it into its own container or directly into your flower bed. Unlike seeds or cuttings, this method allows you to grow mature plants faster since most of the work has already been done for you. The disadvantage is that you only get one plant rather than a few plants, so you’ll have to wait longer before your garden is covered with these colorful flowers.
When you’re dividing a plant, only divide it into portions that have at least three to four eyes. An eye is a node where leaves come out. The main stem should be fat and not skinny. The fat ones are more established and will grow faster than the skinnier ones. After you’ve divided the plant, take each division and trim off any leaves or extra roots.
Each division should have at least two sets of leaves. Plant the divisions an inch deeper than they were in the original plant. Water them well and keep them watered for the next two weeks. After that, you shouldn’t have to water them as much since they should be well established by then.
Whether you start with seeds, cuttings or divisions, you’ll want to transplant your seedlings, cuttings or divisions into a flower bed as soon as possible. If you put them in the flower bed before the second leaf appears, they’ll have plenty of time to get established before the growing season begins.
Make sure your flower bed is free of weeds and has a good mixture of top soil, manure, and compost. If you don’t have your own compost pile, start one. You can find lots of guides on the internet about how to make compost. It’s not as bad as it sounds.
Plant your seeds, cuttings or divisions into the ground about an inch deep. If you’re planting seeds, plant them about an inch apart. They don’t need to be planted deeply. If you’re planting cuttings, they’ll take a bit more work. Dig a hole big enough for the cutting to fit in with some room around it.
Then, surround the cutting with soil and pat the soil around it so that it’s firmly in the ground. If you’re planting a division, dig a hole deep and as wide as your container. Carefully remove the plant from the container and loosen the roots. Dump out any extra soil and place the division into the hole. Fill in the hole with soil and pat the soil around it firmly so that it’s tight in the ground. Cut off any leaves that are broken or damaged.
Water all of your plants well and keep an eye on them. You want to make sure they’re getting enough water, but you don’t want them to have soggy soil. Water them every couple of days if the soil starts to become dry. If it seems like the leaves are starting to turn yellow and fall off, the soil is probably too dry. Water them well.
Plant a few flowers in pots near your front door so that they’re easy to take care of and you can move them in and out of the house as needed. Marigolds are great for this. Just make sure to deadhead, or remove the old flowers before they go to seed, and water them every now and then.
The nice thing about a garden is that it doesn’t require a lot of time or effort to keep it going. A half hour every other day should be plenty of time to maintain it. If you follow these steps, you’ll have beautiful flowers all summer long that you can enjoy inside your home or take outside.
Ready For Spring
As the days start getting longer and the temperature starts to rise, you know that spring is on its way. The snow is almost all melted now, except for the shady parts of course. The streams have started to thaw. The frogs are starting to come out of hibernation. And plants are starting to poke their heads through the soil everywhere you look.
It won’t be long before summer takes hold completely.
In fact, it looks like your garden is a little ahead of the game. You notice a few things have started to bloom already. If you weren’t worried about pesky animals and insects getting in to eat all your hard work and having nothing to show for it, you’d go out and pick a few flowers for your mom. As it stands though, you’ll have to wait until they’re ready so you can pick them without destroying all your hard work up to this point.
You look over your garden and smile. You can’t wait to see it in full bloom, and you know it’ll be worth all the work you’ve put in so far.
Last year’s garden was a rousing success. This year looks like it’s going to be even better!
Sources & references used in this article:
Influence of potting media composition on pot mum production by GD Crater – Introduction to Floriculture, 1980 – Elsevier
Care after Blooming 6 Diseases 6 Prevention 6 Control 6 Insects 8 by SA Nair, TU Bharathi – The Bioscan, 2015 – researchgate.net
Growing Chrysanthemums in the Garden by S Plants, T Cuttings – naldc.nal.usda.gov
Chrysanthemums for the home garden by USU Gardening Current – 2000 – digitalcommons.usu.edu
Gold Country and Mellow Moon-New Minnesota Mums for 1983 by JR Culbert, JA Fizzell – Circular (University of Illinois (Urbana …, 1964 – ideals.illinois.edu
Hardy Chrysanthemums by RE Widmer, PD Ascher, MC Stuart – 1983 – conservancy.umn.edu
Rosy Glow Mum by HA Graves, DG Hoag, RG Askew, N Holland… – 1947 – library.ndsu.edu