Composting Process: How Does Compost Work?
In order to make compost, you need to have some materials. You will use wood chips or leaves and other organic material such as grass clippings, straw and leaves. These are all good things that can be found in your garden or backyard. If not, then you can buy them at a local store like Home Depot or Lowes.
You can make compost using these materials. Soak the materials in water until they become soft.
Then, you can put them into a container with dirt and cover it with another layer of soil. After a few days, you will see the material turning brown and becoming very hard. You might want to add some salt if necessary.
The first step is to break down the materials. You can do this by putting them in a pile and breaking them up into smaller pieces.
This process is called “composting”. When you finish compressing the materials, you will have something that looks like this:
How To Turn Compost Into Compost Bins?
You want to turn the materials in your bins. You can use a pitchfork and turn them on a regular basis. This will distribute the ingredients through the pile of materials. You might need to add water every now and then, especially if it looks like it is drying out. If you are using a black bin for the first time, you might have to turn it more frequently. Make sure you water the materials evenly.
How To Make Compost Using Kitchen Waste?
Kitchen waste is one of the most common things that you can use. This includes things like eggshells, fruit and vegetable peels, coffee grounds and tea bags. Most people throw these away in the garbage every day. You should not do this because you will be throwing away some very useful material. They contain a lot of nutrients that your garden needs to thrive.
The first thing you need to do is start separating the food waste from other garbage. If you have a garbage disposal, you need to turn it off because it will not work with the type of food that you need to use.
After this, place a big container in your sink where you can put all the food waste when you are done preparing your meals. Do this every day and keep doing it for about a week.
After one week has passed, you need to start combining everything in the container. You will see that there is a lot of liquid in the bottom.
This is a great sign because it means the bacteria in the food waste are starting to break it down. Keep combining everything until you have filled your bin.
How To Make A Simple Composter?
You can make a simple composter using four wooden pallets and some soil. To do this, you need to lay two pallets on the ground next to each other. They should form an “A” shape. Use wood screws to fix the pallets together. After this, you need to place another pair of pallets on top of the first pair. This should form a second “A” shape next to the first one. Attach these pallets in the same manner.
When you have finished this, you need to put soil in the “A” shapes. Pack it down until it is firm and level.
This will be the growing area where you can plant your vegetables later. Now you need to place plastic over the “A” frames. This locks in the moisture and creates a warm, moist environment for the vegetables to grow in.
After you have done this, cut holes in the plastic where you want to plant your vegetables. You can start planting right away or you can wait until the following spring.
If you want to do it right away, be sure to add some nutrients to the soil first. You can also place some tomato plant seeds into the holes right away.
These are just a few different methods that you can use to start making your own organic fertilizer and turn your trash into treasure. The pile will start to shrink as you use it but you should be able to add enough materials each week to keep it going.
Before you know it, you will have created enough compost for the entire garden and you will not need to purchase any for a year or more.
If you would like to learn more about how to grow your own food, we have a free downloadable infographic here that tells you everything you need to know.
Also published on Medium.
Sources & references used in this article:
The compost tea brewing manual by E Ingham – 2005 – academia.edu
How the polarity of the separation column may influence the characterization of compost organic matter by pyrolysis-GC/MS by MF Dignac, S Houot, S Derenne – Journal of Analytical and Applied …, 2006 – Elsevier
Changes in bacterial and fungal communities across compost recipes, preparation methods, and composting times by DA Neher, TR Weicht, ST Bates, JW Leff, N Fierer – PloS one, 2013 – journals.plos.org
Effects of manure compost application on soil microbial community diversity and soil microenvironments in a temperate cropland in China by Z Zhen, H Liu, N Wang, L Guo, J Meng, N Ding, G Wu… – PloS one, 2014 – journals.plos.org