How To Prune A Old Almond Tree?
The first thing to do when you have an old almond tree is to remove all the branches which are dead or diseased. You need to make sure that no branch grows into your house or yard. If there is any problem with the root system, it will cause problems later on. So it’s better if you don’t have any branches growing up from your house or yard because then the tree won’t grow properly.
Now you need to decide whether you want to keep the whole tree or just some branches. Some people prefer to leave only one or two branches while others like having all the branches removed completely. There are different opinions among experts about which way is best.
When you have decided on how many branches you want to keep, it’s time to prune them.
There are several ways to prune an almond tree. One of the most common methods is called “top cutting”. This method involves removing all the branches which are not needed anymore and leaving only those which are still healthy and strong enough to support the weight of the tree. Top cutting is very effective in keeping the tree healthy and strong. However, it requires a lot of work.
Therefore, top cutting is usually done at least once every ten years so that new growth can take its place.
The other and easier method is called “modified-leader”. In this method, you start by removing all the old and diseased branches along with weak and feeble ones. Then, you shorten the remaining branches so that growth takes place only in the main direction of the tree. After that, you remove any crossing limbs and any others which are not growing in the desired direction. This method is easier and less time-consuming, but it also leaves some weak sections in the tree which might break easily.
Whatever method you use, it’s always important to keep the tree properly balanced. This helps it stay sturdy and prevents it from splitting.
It is also a good idea to remove any suckers or watersprouts growing from the main trunk of the tree. These suckers are genetic clones of the tree and will share in its vigor. Many people prefer to cut them off as they appear because they don’t want the tree to waste its energy producing these growths.
If you do this every year, it will help keep your tree healthy and strong.
How To Prune An Old Almond Tree?
When To Prune An Old Almond Tree?
One of the most common questions asked by new almond orchardists is when to prune an old almond tree. Many people think that pruning is a complicated thing and that you need to be a professional to do it. This is not true. You can easily learn how to prune an old almond tree yourself.
The best time to prune an old tree is anytime between January and May. In California, the preferred months are February and March. These are called the “pruning months”. During these months, the trees’ wounds will heal quickly and it is easier for the gardener to see any problems which may be hiding in the trees.
First of all, you need to inspect your tree to determine what need to be cut off and what should be kept.
The first thing you should do is remove dead or diseased wood. This kind of wood can easily be identified because it is very brittle and dark in color. It should be removed immediately because it can spread diseases and pests to the rest of the tree.
Once you have removed all of the dead wood, you should prune back the interior branches. Again, you should remove any branches which appear to be weak or diseased. You probably will not need (or want) to prune all the branches. However, you should keep enough so that the tree maintains its shape and doesn’t lose its natural appearance.
Finally, you should shape the tree’s outline. At this point, you should remove the excess branches which are not needed. You should also remove any crossing branches and any other branches which you feel are unnecessary.
After you have finished pruning, it is important to rake your prunings off into the middle of the orchard. This keeps your orchard clean and free of debris.
Pruning old almond trees is really quite easy if you follow these steps!
Pruning Young Almond Trees?
Young trees do not need to be pruned as often. Usually, they only need to be pruned right after they’ve been planted. After that, they should only need occasional “tune-up” trims.
Newly planted trees should be trimmed so that their branches are shaped like matchsticks. The reason for this is that these branches will become the framework of the tree as it grows. You should not prune the top of the tree at this time.
After the trees have grown a bit, they can be pruned to match their shape. Some almond trees naturally grow into nice, round shapes. Others grow into Christmas-tree shapes; still others tend to grow very tall and spindly. Whatever the shape, you should trim the branches to keep the shape you want.
As the tree gets older, it will become more difficult to keep its exact shape. When this begins to happen, you should stop pruning and simply maintain the tree by removing dead wood and diseased wood.
By following these easy steps, you can learn how to prune an old almond tree and keep your orchard healthy and beautiful!
Sources & references used in this article:
Quantification of the residual biomass obtained from pruning of trees in Mediterranean almond groves by B Velázquez-Martí, E Fernández-González… – Renewable energy, 2011 – Elsevier
The Asherah, the Menorah and the sacred tree by JE Taylor – Journal for the Study of the Old Testament, 1995 – journals.sagepub.com
Mallet wound canker of almond trees by J Devay, H English, F Lukezic, H O’Reilly – California Agriculture, 1960 – calag.ucanr.edu
Vigour and yield evaluation in almond trees under two pruning treatments by J Castro, P Jimenez – … Symposium on Pistachios and Almonds 591, 2001 – actahort.org