Grapes are one of the most popular fruits in the world. They have been cultivated since ancient times and they were even used as medicine during Roman Empire period. There are many varieties of grapes, but all of them have their own special characteristics. Some varieties produce very large bunches while others produce small ones. Some varieties do well in hot climates whereas other types thrive in cold climate. The grapes are harvested from the vines before they ripen and then stored until ready to use.
The following table lists some of the different varieties of grapes:
Variety Name Common Names How to Grow?
Varieties Grape Type Red Delicious Ripe, ripe, red, sweet, delicious; can be eaten raw or cooked. White Zinfandel Sweet and sour, white wine. Cabernet Sauvignon Sour, light colored wine. Merlot Wine. Pinot Noir Light colored wine. Syrah Wine. Cabernet Franc Light colored wine. Chardonnay Wine. Sangiovese Wine. Shiraz Wine. Petite Sirah (small) Light colored wine, can be eaten raw or cooked like zinfandel and cabernet sauvignon. Muscat (muskateer) White and light colored, sweet. Black Beauty Ripe, dark purple, sweet, can be eaten raw or cooked. Thompson Seedless Light green, easy to digest. Flame Seedless Light green with red streaks, easy to digest. Red Flame Seedless Sweet and tangy. Emperor Very sweet. Niagara Dark and somewhat sour fruit, common in US restaurants. Crimson Sweet and mild flavor. Flame Red Sweet and tangy.
Grapes require little maintenance and they can thrive in a wide range of climate conditions. They grow best in wet, hot, and dry weather conditions.
Grapes have a long life span and they produce fruit for over twenty years.
The following table explains the differences between the types of grapes:
Variety Name Description Large or Small? Wet or Dry? Red or Green? Black or White?
Thompson Seedless These are very small seedless grapes. They are very sweet and very juicy. They are most suitable to make jams and jellies. These need hot, wet and dry climate conditions to thrive. Flame Seedless These have a mild flavor and their skin has red and green streaks. They can be eaten raw or cooked. These do well in both wet and dry weather conditions. Red Flame Seedless These have the same flavor as Flame but they have dark skins with red streaks. Emperor These are the largest of all the grapes. These grow very well in wet, hot and dry weather conditions. They have a sweet flavor. Crimson These are very large and sweet. They have a good shelf life and they make delicious jams and jellies. They thrive in a hot, wet and dry climate. Flame These have a sweet and tangy flavor and they do well in dry conditions only. Niagara These have a tart flavor and they do well in both wet and dry weather conditions.
Grapes are very easy to grow and they can be started by planting the seeds directly into the soil. Take care to ensure that the area where you plant the seeds has the right climate conditions needed for that variety of grape.
Grapes require little maintenance. It is best to prune the plants using hedge clippers every few years to improve air circulation and sunlight exposure around the plant.
After growing your grapes you can either eat them fresh or you can make them into jam or wine. Grapes are a very healthy snack because they have antioxidants and vitamin C.
Because Grapes grow on bushes they provide excellent cover for animals and people that are hiding. Grapevines can be used to make rope and other things if you need too.
To get grapes to make wine you will first need to get some empty grape jars and a place to ferment the wine. You will be able to make wine from other ingredients but it is best to start out with grapes since they are easy to get.
Fermenting the wine requires keeping the liquid at just the right temperature for a few weeks. After this time you can cork the wine or even bottle it.
Some wine can be aged for many years while some are best to drink fresh. Wine is a common gift for large groups of people in the community that you normally trade with. The longer you age the wine the higher value it has.
If you decide to make wine you can get started by following these steps:
1. Find a location that has good drainage, is close to water and has southern sunlight exposure.
2. Build a simple wooden frame to plant your grapes in.
3. Plant your grape seeds.
4. Water and prune your vines to ensure that they are getting the right amount of sunlight and water every day.
5. Use hedge clippers to prune the vines monthly to improve air circulation and sunlight exposure.
6. Wait a few months for your grapes to be ready for use.
Grapes can be made into wine or jam. You can also eat the grapes fresh.
Grapes are very healthy and have lots of vitamin C.
In order to get to Lake Sirmium you will have to pass through a large plain. This is a relatively safe route to get to the lake but there can still be some risk.
The best way to avoid any problems is to always be on the look out for potential dangers and be prepared for an attack.
Sources & references used in this article:
Muscadine grapes by GC Husmann, C Dearing – 1916 – books.google.com
A shift of phloem unloading from symplasmic to apoplasmic pathway is involved in developmental onset of ripening in grape berry by XY Zhang, XL Wang, XF Wang, GH Xia, QH Pan… – Plant …, 2006 – Am Soc Plant Biol
Microbial terroir for wine grapes by JA Gilbert, D van der Lelie… – Proceedings of the …, 2014 – National Acad Sciences
Vegetative anatomy of cultivated grapes–a review by C Pratt – American Journal of Enology and Viticulture, 1974 – Am Soc Enol Viticulture
Attending to grape vines: perceptual practices, planty agencies and multiple temporalities in Australian viticulture by M Keller – 2020 – Academic Press
Interaction of nitrogen availability during bloom and light intensity during veraison. II. Effects on anthocyanin and phenolic development during grape ripening by J Brice – Social & Cultural Geography, 2014 – Taylor & Francis
The origins of the grape program at Foundation Plant Materials Service by L Riotte – 1998 – Storey Publishing
Isolation and characterization of two hydroperoxide lyase genes from grape berries by M Keller, G Hrazdina – American Journal of Enology and …, 1998 – Am Soc Enol Viticulture