Green Tomato Varieties – Growing Green Bell Pepper Tomatoes
The name “green” refers to the color of the leaves, which are greenish yellow or even pale green. They have a thin skin, but not so thin that they become tough like paper. Their shape resembles a bell with four points instead of three. Some say that their flesh is sweet and juicy when ripe.
Others claim it tastes bitter when ripe.
The variety known as “bell” comes from Latin and means bell. They are named after the bell-shaped fruit they produce. These varieties grow well in Florida’s humid climate, where they need plenty of sun exposure to thrive.
There are several other types of green bell peppers, including some that are small and round while others are large and flat. All these different shapes make them attractive to eat or use in salads.
Green bell peppers are grown in many parts of the world, especially Mexico, Central America and South America. There are also varieties that grow in warmer climates such as Australia and New Zealand.
Growing Green Bell Peppers – How To Grow Green Bell Peppers?
Green bell peppers are a tropical plant that needs plenty of sunlight and warmth to grow well. They do not need much water, but should be watered regularly to ensure they don’t dry out. They need fertile ground with the right amount of drainage. Green bell peppers may also be grown hydroponically.
Green bell peppers can be grown outdoors in warmer regions such as in open fields or greenhouses. The proper temperature for them to thrive is between 70 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Green bell peppers grown outdoors are ready to be harvested 75 to 80 days after being planted.
Green bell peppers grow best indoors in controlled environment greenhouses. They need a temperature of at least 70 degrees Fahrenheit with plenty of sunlight. Greenhouse grown green bell peppers are ready to be harvested 60 to 70 days after being planted.
Tomato Pepper Varieties – Different Types Of Tomatoes
The tomato is a fruit that is related to the potato, goji berry, eggplant and the cape gooseberry. It is also the food that is transformed into ketchup, paste, sauce and soup. There are more than 5,000 different types of tomatoes. Some of these tomatoes are grown for their colorful skin, others are grown for their taste or to be used as seeds.
Lycopene is an antioxidant that helps prevent prostate cancer and heart disease. It can be found in tomatoes, especially the red ones.
Many people don’t realize that the tomato is a fruit, not a vegetable. It is in the same family as the potato, eggplant and the goji berry. A tomato is actually a fruit because it develops from the flowers’ ovary and contains seeds.
People eat tomatoes either cooked or raw. Cooked tomatoes add a sour flavor to dishes. When tomatoes are uncooked they taste more sweet. Tomatoes can be eaten with a variety of main courses such as meat, curry or pasta.
The most popular way to eat tomatoes is in the form of ketchup or tomato sauce.
The word “tomato” comes from the Aztec word “xitomatomatl”. This word means “plump thing with a navel”. When tomatoes first became popular in the 17th century people grew them in their gardens but did not eat them. People grew them because they were curious about how an overlooked, ugly fruit could cause so much mayhem.
There are many types of tomatoes and each one has a different shape and size. Some tomatoes are small and round while others are long and skinny. The color of the tomato can be anything ranging from red to pink to orange to yellow to purple to brownish black.
Each type of tomato has a different level of sweetness, skin thickness, and firmness. The acidity and the sugar content of a tomato also differ depending on the color.
There are several types of tomatoes that are grown all over the world such as the Big Beef, Cherokee Purple, Golden Jubilee, Jet Star, Mountain Pride, Red Pear, Sweet 100’s, and Yellow Pear. Each type is grown in a different region. The growing region directly affects the taste and skin texture. Tomatoes grown in warmer climates tend to be sweeter than tomatoes grown in colder climates.
The different color variations of the tomato contain different levels of disease resistance, meaning that some types of tomatoes are more resistant to attacks from diseases than others. It is best to choose a type of tomato that is resistant to the type of disease that is common in your growing region.
There are also some types of tomatoes that contain a much higher level of acid than others. High acid content is preferred when canning because it prevents the growth of botulism.
The size of a tomato often depends on the type of support system it is growing on. The bigger the plant, the bigger the fruit. Determinate tomato plants grow to a certain size and stop growing, meaning they have a limited yield. Indeterminate plants keep on growing until they are stopped by a freezing cold temperature or cut down.
Tomatoes can be eaten either raw or cooked. They offer a low calorie intake and are full of many nutrients. Tomatoes are 90% water, which means they contain very few calories. One cup of raw tomatoes contains only 16 calories.
They are rich in vitamin C and the antioxidant lycopene.
Lycopene is an antioxidant that has been linked to the prevention of prostate cancer in men and women and the prevention of certain types of cancer of the lungs and cervix.
Lycopene has also been proven to lower the risk of heart disease by reducing LDL cholesterol (the “bad” cholesterol) in the blood. Tomatoes also provide large amounts of vitamin A and potassium.
The tomato is a vegetable that can be eaten raw in salads or cooked in dishes such as pasta sauce. Cooked tomatoes contain more lycopene than raw tomatoes because the lycopene is absorbed more easily when cooked. However cooking tomatoes lowers their water content, so eating them raw is still beneficial if you don’t want to lose the water content.
Tomatoes are native to South America and were grown by the Aztecs. Christopher Columbus was probably the first European to discover the interesting fruit. He called them “love apples” and brought some back to Europe.
During the 18th century, it became common practice in England to grow tomatoes in ornamental gardens. For a long time, the tomato was viewed with suspicion because it is related to the deadly nightshade plant.
During the 19th century, the tomato was introduced into the United States. Thomas Jefferson brought the first ones into Virginia but for a long time they were only grown around airport gardens. It took a long time before the tomato was accepted as food in America. Nowadays, nearly 150 million tons of tomatoes are grown every year around the world.
It was the Brits that finally accepted the tomato as food, when an Englishman named Johnny Garlic cultivated a sweeter variety that could be eaten raw. It is not certain what the original variety of tomato was that Garlic developed, but he passed his seeds on to a Mr. Slater, who grew them and eventually passed them on to Mr. Rowland, who started the variety off by growing it in his garden near Nottingham.
This new, sweet variety of tomato was a great success and was named after Mr. Rowland’s home: The Nottingham. It was brown in color, oblong in shape and held more flesh than the plum tomatoes that were commonly grown at that time. They also had a lovely sweet flavor that could be eaten either cooked or raw when ripe.
The tomatoes that we eat today are all descended from the Rowland’s original variety. The red tomato was discovered much later, in the 19th century, by a Mr. Johnson of Ohio, United States.
One other popular variety of tomato is the Roma Tomato. Derived from a variety of heirloom tomatoes, the plum-shaped Roma tomatoes are great for cooking and can be used in a variety of ways, both cooked and raw in salads. They also contain much less liquid than other varieties of tomatoes, so are perfect for making paste and sauce.
Tomatoes are a great addition to any garden, but take up a lot of room. They like warmth and sun and should be planted in early spring or late autumn. They aren’t frost-hardy so it’s best to protect them, but if you live in a warmer climate then you can plant them throughout the year.
They need a lot of water, so it’s best to plant them near a pond or water feature that will help keep them watered naturally. Tomatoes are part of the nightshade family, so keep them away from any other plants in this family, as they are likely to get diseases.
Tomatoes grow on sturdy vines that can reach up to 8 feet long and their roots can stretch out over a radius of up to 12 feet. This means that they need a lot of space to grow, so unless you have a very large garden, you need to be sure to give them some support.
The best way to do this is to either plant them against a south-facing wall (in the northern hemisphere) or dig a hole for them and put a large bottle (like a 2-liter soda bottle) in the bottom to help hold it’s roots in place, then fill in the hole with soil around the bottle.
This will give the vine something to climb up as it grows and will also keep it contained in that area. Be careful though, as the tomatoes will still send their roots out far beyond the confines of the bottle or wall, they just won’t be able to go beyond that point.
If you need to support your tomato plants but don’t have a wall on which to climb, then you can use stakes to give them some support. Just push the stake into the ground next to the plant and then tie the stem loosely in a spiral around it, as this will give the vine something to climb as it grows and ensures that it won’t break or bend around it.
Once your plants have flowered, they will eventually start to produce fruit which will get larger every day, until they are the size you want them to be. Tomatoes can take between 70 and 100 days to fully ripen, so don’t be alarmed if they seem under-ripe when you pick them.
You can keep tomatoes fresh for much longer than you might think. They will keep for weeks in a box in a cool place, such as your cellar or garage, especially if they are not fully ripe when you pick them. You can also store them in the fridge for up to two weeks before they go bad.
But once you do harvest them, there are a multitude of things that you can use them for. The obvious one being eating fresh in a salad or sandwich, but they also work well in cooked meals such as stews and sauces. You can even candy them or preserve them like brandied peaches.
So with very little effort, you can grow your own supply of tomatoes to use throughout the year. And the best part is, it doesn’t take up any extra room in the freezer or fridge. Just be sure to keep them away from other members of the nightshade family, such as potatoes, aubergines and peppers.
When you start looking into the different types of tomatoes, you will be amazed at the choice available.
They range from the very first varieties that were grown in America all the way up to modern hybrids. They can be as small as a nickel or as big as a melon, and literally every color under the sun.
The different types have different uses too. Some are great for salads, some are better for cooking, while others are specifically for making pastes, ketchups or other canned goods. So you will need to do a little research if you want the best results.
However, whether you are growing them for the first time or have done it many times before, these tips will help to give you success with this amazing fruit.
When to Plant
You can plant your tomato plants out anytime the ground isn’t frozen, but spring is always best as it gives them the entire season to grow before the cold sets in.
You can even plant them right up until the first frost, but you will need to give them some protection if you have a late, cold fall. You can do this by placing a small hoop house over them or by just hanging a blanket or tarp over the plants.
How to Plant
Tomatoes are not shrubs that will just grow anywhere. They need careful preparation before you plant them and they prefer certain types of soil.
When digging your hole for the plant, it needs to be about a foot deep and a foot wide. Add some old compost or rotted manure to the bottom of the hole and mix it into the top layer of soil before you place your plants in it.
Staking & Caging
Once your plants are in the ground, you can either stake them or cage them. If you stake them you will need to tie them to the stake as they grow. If you cage them, then you will need to make a small frame with wire and cover it with horticultural tape to keep the plants protected.
Tomatoes need a lot of water, particularly when they are first planted. They don’t like “wet feet” so you want to make sure that the soil isn’t soggy, but that it does have a generous amount of water in it.
Once the plants are a few inches high, surround the base of the plant with rocks. This will prevent them from getting waterlogged.
Tomatoes are hungry little devils that require a lot of nitrogen to grow big and healthy. You can add some guano or bone meal to the soil before planting or you can side dress them once they are up. If you choose to fertilize them, do it at half strength.
If you have chickens or other critters that poop in your yard, then you already have natural fertilizer. Just collect some from the area and add it to the soil.
When something doesn’t go right in your garden it can be frustrating. Tomatoes are prone to a few common problems, and knowing what they are will help you correct them before they become a major issue.
Blossom End Rot
Blossom end rot is caused by a lack of calcium. It shows up on the tomato plant as a dark spot and eventually grows until it takes over the entire fruit. It will make the tomato inedible.
To correct it, side dress with gypsum, wood ash or even wood fileings. Add a little bit at a time and mix it in well before adding more.
Purple and Brown Mold
Purple and brown mold loves to grow on the damp leaves of tomato plants. To prevent it from forming, make sure that you don’t waterlog your plants. The best way to do this is to place some gravel around the base of the plants so that the soil is well drained.
If you already have the problem, then cut off the leaves that are affected and dispose of them. The mold will eventually grow on the fruit, but you can cut that out too and eat the rest of the tomato.
Tomatoes seem to be a favorite food of just about every type of caterpillar from the lowly cabbage looper to the infamous tomato horn worm.
There isn’t much you can do to prevent them from eating your plants if they decide that they want to. The best way to get rid of them is to pick them off and dispose of them. If you find a lot of them, you can buy some ladybugs and let them take care of the problem for you.
If your tomato plant seems to be rotting from the inside out, it probably has a fungus problem. It starts off slowly and can infect the entire plant, killing it.
If you keep your garden well weeded, then you will go a long way toward preventing most types of fungus from taking root in your soil. You can also mulch your plants with coffee grounds, grass clippings or just about anything that will keep the ground moist without allowing it to sit in water.
Sources & references used in this article:
Buckeye rot of tomato in California by CM Tompkins, CM Tucker – Journal of Agricultural Research, 1941 – books.google.com
Tolerance of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) and bell pepper (Capsicum annum) to clomazone by LA Weston, M Barrett – Weed Science, 1989 – JSTOR
… -year comparison of the content of antioxidant microconstituents and several quality characteristics in organic and conventionally managed tomatoes and bell peppers by AW Chassy, L Bui, ENC Renaud… – Journal of agricultural …, 2006 – ACS Publications