Different Types Of Carrots To Grow – What Are Some Popular Carrot Varieties?
Carrot Variety: Common Names: Description: How To Grow Them? Cost Per Bulb (CPC): How Much You Can Reap From Harvesting And Using Carrots? Which Kind Of Seeds Should I Buy For Growing Carrots? Why Do They Need So Many Years To Be Ready For Harvesting? Which Type Of Seed Is Best For Growing Carrots?
Common Name: Chanterelle (Chante-relle)
Description: A small yellowish-green vegetable with thin, warty stems and smooth leaves. It grows in clusters up to 6 feet high. It is widely cultivated throughout Europe and Asia. Its edible roots are used as a flavoring ingredient in many foods including soups, stews, sauces and pickles. The root contains oxalic acid which has been shown to have antiseptic properties.
How To Grow Them:
The chanterelle is easy to grow and requires little care. However, it does not produce fruit until it reaches maturity at which time they turn from green to red. The plant’s growth rate is slow so you will need to water regularly during the growing season. When harvesting the plants are usually picked before their leaves turn brown or fall off completely.
What Are Their Benefits?
The cultivation of the chanterelle takes very little effort, hence making it one of the top choices for composting. When grown on a large scale they provide more nutrients to plants than any other compost plant.
How Much Do They Cost?
Chanterelles can be grown at your home with homemade mushroom boxes filled with wood shavings. The basic cost of growing them at home is only a few dollars for wood shavings and water.
How Much Can You Make From One Chanterelle Plant?
You can make between $40 to $500 per chanterelle plant, depending on the size of the crop. It takes about 9 months for a chanterelle to grow from planting the seeds to full-scale production. To grow these plants you will also need special mushroom boxes, potting soil, water and plastic bags for covering the plants while they are growing.
Which Seed Is Best For Growing Chanterelle?
You can get best chanterelle seeds from your local nursery or online directly from a company that specializes in selling mushroom seeds and spores. The best time to plant chanterelle is in the spring (when there is no longer a threat of frost). You should cover the freshly planted seeds with a thin layer of soil and keep the area moist, but not soggy. Once the seedlings reach 6 inches in height they can be transplanted to larger pots or directly into your mushroom garden.
Why Do The Chanterelle Take So Long To Come Into Production?
These plants require a minimum of 3 years before they come into full production and will continue to produce for several more years. This is a long wait for a small garden, but the flavor and aroma of these mushrooms are well worth the wait.
Common Name: Cremini (Crimini)
Description: A short, stout brown mushroom with a bulging cap that grows up to 3 inches in diameter. It has a fruity odor and a nutty flavor. It is one of the easiest mushrooms to cultivate and it has been found to grow wild in many parts of North America and Europe.
How To Grow Them:
Cremini are easy to grow and only require a small amount of effort. They do well in a mixture of woodchips and soil. Once the mycelium has taken hold they can be transferred into a sawdust mixture where they will continue to grow. These mushrooms are grown in large rooms, or warehouses under lights for 12 hours a day. They should be watered at least twice a week and need to be protected from insects and rodents.
They are ready to be harvested about 6 weeks after being placed into sawdust.
Benefits and Risks:
Cremini mushrooms grow on a variety of woods. They prefer oak, but will also grow on birch, maple, alder or any other hardwood. People who have allergies to latex should not eat these mushrooms as they are closely related to the morel. Cremini mushrooms contain small amounts of poison, and people who are allergic to morels should not eat them.
What Are The Nutritional Benefits?
Cremini mushrooms are a good source of B-complex vitamins, especially thiamin and riboflavin. They also provide a good source of niacin. 100 grams of these mushrooms provide 3.5 grams of fiber, 4.5 grams of protein and only 60 calories.
What Are The Financial Benefits?
The price for these mushrooms can vary greatly depending on the growing cycle. They are often sold by the pound, but sometimes you will find them locally for $2 to $4 dollars a pound. Selling them fresh by the pound you can expect to get $6 dollars a pound, selling them dried you can get $12 dollars a pound! You can also contact a packaging company and sell them the mushrooms in bulk, they will package and sell them under your farm name.
What Size Space Do They Require?
Cremini mushrooms only need about 15 square feet to grow in, however they can be grown on several different types of logs and require about 55 square feet per log. There are two-levels of production, in the first year you can grow them in sawdust indoors, then about 60 feet by 100 feet will be enough for 10 logs. From there on you can expand to a maximum of 200 feet by 400 feet for 40 logs. When you get to that size you can have your own farm and start growing other types of mushrooms as well.
Are They Easy To Grow?
Cremini are very easy to grow, they are great for someone just starting out. Unlike some other types of mushrooms, there is no need to case them, just place the mushroom chunks on the sawdust and mist them once a day. The first year you want to buy spawn or small sawdust pieces from a supplier and the subsequent years you can order plug spawn, which will grow into full-sized mushrooms in about 6 weeks. Cremini are ready to harvest at 6 weeks as well, so no need to babysit them while they grow.
What Should You Grow?
There are several types of mushrooms that you can grow and Cremini are just one of them. Cremini require the least amount of work, so they are a good place to start. Once you have grown them a few times you can move on to other types, such as Portobello, Enoki or Large flat Cap.
Where and How to Buy?
Most local mushroom growers buy their spawn in liquid culture from a supplier. The advantage of this is they grow fast and you can order exactly what you need. Liquid culture comes in glass jars with a metal lid, it looks sort of like a larger version of a baby food jar or pickle jar.
The disadvantage is that they are more expensive than sawdust spawn. If you buy sawdust spawn, you will need to order plugs or small sawdust spawn pieces that are planted in larger containers of sawdust. The advantage of this is the price, which is less than half the price of liquid culture. The disadvantage is they take several months to grow to full size and they don’t grow as quickly.
Plug spawn comes in small cups, called master seedling trays, that contain about 10 to 20 sawdust plugs. These are planted in larger containers of sterile nursery mix. The advantage of these is that they are much cheaper than sawdust spawn and are ready to harvest in 6 weeks. If you want to grow mushrooms year after year, then this is the best way to go as you can buy fresh plug spawn each year for next to nothing.
The disadvantage is the cost of setting up a growing room, propagating the master seedling trays and substrate ingredients. The first year you can expect to spend about $800 and yearly expenses will be about $200.
Grow Room or Greenhouse?
The simplest thing to do is build a small greenhouse, 6 feet by 8 feet will do for 4 logs that are 55 square feet each. The advantage of a greenhouse is that it helps keep the humidity up during the dry months and there is no need to run dehumidifiers all summer long. This is important because the dehumidifiers use up to 1,500 watts each hour and will cost you about $100 per month in electricity. A small greenhouse helps keep the humidity up naturally for free.
The disadvantage of a greenhouse is that it doesn’t get as warm in there during the day as a grow room would, which can slow down the growth process during the summer months.
Grow rooms are much easier to keep the humidity up in, because you can control everything. The temperature is easy to control as well, so it results in faster growth. The advantage of controlling everything is that you don’t have to water as often and your electricity bill will be much lower each month. A small grow room can be constructed for about $1,000 or you could go all out and build a walk-in for about $10,000.
The disadvantage is that it costs a lot to set up the grow room, then there is the added expense of running dehumidifiers each month during the summer.
Your first step should be to contact local mushroom growers. Most are pretty friendly and will be glad to show you what to do and how to do it. Don’t just limit yourself to local growers though, you can also post a message on the Shroomery.org or Mycotopia.net forums and you can get lots of good advice as well as make some grower contacts.
Once you have grown your own mushrooms, you will find that it is by far and away the best way to get mushrooms. Nothing beats harvesting your crop and knowing that it is absolutely legal!
There are some things that you should keep in mind when growing mushrooms:
* NEVER, EVER, UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES DO ANYTHING ILLEGAL!
* Do not give away free mushrooms to friends or strangers. It is illegal to give away or sell any amount of hallucinogenic mushrooms.
* When you buy mushrooms, keep your receipts so that if you do get stopped by the law you can prove that they are not your property.
* The penalty for giving away or selling even one mushroom that contains psilocybin is the same as giving away or selling an amount equal to one ounce of marijuana. If you are caught with large amounts of mushrooms, you can be charged with drug trafficking. Even if it is your first offence, you could still go to prison for a long time.
* There is absolutely no such thing as a “magic mushroom grow kit”.
One thing that you should be aware of is that it is not legal to sell anything that contains psilocybin, not just the actual mushrooms. This means that hot chocolate, brownies, and even candy discs can not be purchased legally. It’s best not to give away free samples for “medical research” either.
The law is the same for everyone, even the authorities. A police officer can not go into your house and take mushrooms or anything containing psilocybin unless they have a warrant.
The Bottom Line
So there you have it, with this information, you now know everything that you need to know in order to grow psilocybin mushrooms. I hope you will still think about using this information wisely and do what’s right! Good luck!
Psilocybin Mushrooms – A History
By Marihiko Japanese
Common Names: Psilocybe cubensis, hallucinogenic mushrooms, shrooms, cubes, golden tops, cubes, sclerotia.
History of Use: Psilocybin mushrooms have been used by pre-Columbian Mesoamerican cultures for religious rituals for at least two thousand years. Psilocybin mushrooms were first introduced to Europeans in 1955 and after the determination of psilocybin and psilocin as the active ingredients in these fungi in 1958, they soon became popular in Western society as part of the hippie counterculture.
Currently, psilocybin mushrooms are illegal or strictly regulated in most countries due to the fact that they are considered dangerous drugs (Schedule I / Class A in the UK). Many people, however, want to legalize the use of these fungi for personal and religious use.
Description: Most species of Psilocybe are small fungi that typically grow on top of manure, straw, grass and various kinds of mulch. Their colors can range from whitish-blue (P. azurescens) to dark purple (P. stuntzii). Most species do not grow larger than 2cm.
Psilocybin mushrooms can be found throughout the world, but most grow in North America and Mexico. Psilocybin mushrooms prefer warm and humid areas with a lot of rainfall. Like all fungi, psilocybin varieties are parasitic and draw their nutrients from the soil. They also need a lot of oxygen to grow, which is why they typically grow on top of the ground or on living plants.
The effects of P. cubensis are comparable with strong cannabis.
Chemistry: There are more than 180 species in the psilocybin family; psilocybin, psilocin and baeocystin are responsible for the psychoactive effect of psilocybin mushrooms.
Psilocybin is a tryptamine and a structural analog to DMT. It is considered an organic solvated analogue of tryptophan. The molecules are very similar in structure; only the position of the oxygen atoms are different. Tryptophan can be converted into psilocybin, and vice-versa.
With all of this in mind, I trust that you now have enough information to grow psilocybian mushrooms successfully. Remember, the more prepared you are, the better the results! Good luck and happy shrooming!
Sources & references used in this article:
Polyacetylene diversity and bioactivity in orange market and locally grown colored carrots (Daucus carota L.) by BT Metzger, DM Barnes – Journal of agricultural and food …, 2009 – ACS Publications
Comparison of volatiles, phenolics, sugars, antioxidant vitamins, and sensory quality of different colored carrot varieties by C Alasalvar, JM Grigor, D Zhang… – Journal of Agricultural …, 2001 – ACS Publications
The development of the original European carrot material by O Banga – Euphytica, 1957 – Springer
Foliar and emission composition of essential oil in two carrot varieties by P Kainulainen, J Tarhanen, K Tiilikkala… – Journal of Agricultural …, 1998 – ACS Publications
Sensory and chemical changes in five varieties of carrot (Daucus carota L) in response to mechanical stress at harvest and post‐harvest by PM Kotecha, BB Desai, DL Madhavi – Handbook of vegetable science …, 1998 – CRC Press