Growing Fritillaria Bulbs – How To Grow And Care For Wildflower Fritillaria Lilies
Fruiting Season: April – June (depending on location)
How To Get Started With Growing Fritillaria Bulbs?
1. You need to have a good soil with lots of organic matter such as compost or manure.
If you don’t have any of these things, then it will not work out well for your plants.
2. You need to plant seeds into the ground.
These seeds must germinate within three months after planting. After they sprout, you can start harvesting them when their leaves turn yellowish green and begin turning brown. Harvesting is done once every two weeks until the plants are ready to harvest again in six months time.
3. Once your plants are harvested, you should take care of them properly before storing them away for future use.
Make sure to keep them moist at all times. They should be kept in a cool place like a refrigerator if possible. Do not store them too close to direct sunlight since this could cause the leaves to burn easily.
4. Store your fritillaria bulbs in a dark spot away from light during winter months so that they do not rot quickly due to lack of oxygen.
When spring arrives, you can start watering your plants regularly again and enjoy the fruits of your labor!
5. If you are able to follow these five steps, then you will be able to enjoy your own crop of fritillaria bulbs every year without having to spend a fortune on store-bought ones.
How To Make Fritillaria Bulbs?
Fritillaria is a great plant that can be grown in small spaces and even containers. They are usually available in the early springtime and are relatively easy to grow given the right conditions. Fritillaria comes from the Mediterranean region and has been popular since Roman times. Fritillaria is part of the lily family and is closely related to the more common onion type bulb plants that people usually associate with gardens, such as tulips and daffodils. There are many different types of fritillaria flowers and they come in many colours, although the most popular are yellow, orange and brown. Fritillaria are known for their beautiful flowers and often attract bees and butterflies to gardens or patios where they are planted.
Facts About Fritillaria
There are several facts that make this plant an interesting one for gardeners. First of all, it is a gorgeous bulb that has long lasting flowers and grows well in most types of soil, but prefers well drained types. The plant has long stems that hold the flowers above ground and can reach a height of fifteen to thirty centimeters when in bloom. This is smaller than most garden bulbs, which means it is great for container gardens or small spaces.
Fritillaria can be grown from either corms or seeds and both of these are relatively easy to get a hold of. These plants flower in the late winter and early springtime.
How To Care For Fritillaria?
Caring for this plant is relatively easy, although it does prefer sunny areas and well-draining soil, so make sure you plan your garden around that fact if you are growing it from seed. The plant also prefers loose soil, so adding some grit or bark to the area that you plan to plant it in is a good idea. You should keep the area well watered until it is well established, which means until you can see green stems coming up through the ground. It can take up to two years for the plant to flower properly, so be prepared to care for your plants for a long time before you get to enjoy the show.
Fritillaria bulbs are relatively easy to get a hold of and you can buy them from most gardening centers in the springtime. They are cheap and since they multiply fairly quickly, you will have more than enough to give away to friends. Fritillaria make great gifts for anyone that enjoys gardens and is hard to kill, even for people that aren’t as skilled in the garden. All you need to do is give them some loose soil, a little sunshine and water every once in awhile, and they will grow regardless of your skill level.
These plants are relatively easy to grow from corms or seeds, which are sold separately at most gardening centers. The plants need a lot of light to grow and multiply successfully, so pick a spot in your garden that gets at least six hours of direct sunlight each day. You can also grow them in large pots or even hanging pots that you leave outdoors, as long as you provide the appropriate amount of sunlight. Water fritillaria thoroughly when you first plant them, then keep the soil consistently moist (but not wet) until you see new growth.
You can also grow fritillaria from offsets, which is basically a small plant that grows around the base of the mother bulb. These are a great way to grow large clusters of fritillaria without having to replant multiple bulbs every year. Simply pick up a clump of offsets every few years and plant them separately. They can either be planted directly in the ground or in individual pots.
Fritillaria bulbs will go dormant in the summer and stop growing, however, the leaves will still be green and actively photosynthesizing at this point. In the fall, after the danger of a hard frost has passed, the leaves will begin to turn brown and die back.
Fritillaria grow best in loose soil that is well drained but stays moist. Amend your garden soil with some organic matter before planting. Set bulbs 3 to 6 inches deep (7 to 14 centimeters) and 4 to 6 inches apart (10 to 15 centimeters). If you want to plant offsets, simply dig a small hole and plant them, covering the same way you would planting a seed.
Fritillaria like temperatures between 40 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit (4 to 32 degrees Celsius), with optimum growth at 60 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit (16 to 21 degrees Celsius). They will survive short periods of frost, down to 28.3 degrees Fahrenheit (minus2 degrees Celsius).
Most fritillaria are dormant in the summer, though their leaves may still be green. In the fall they grow leaves and go through their flowering cycle, and then their leaves die back. They will usually survive light frost, even while their leaves are still green. After a hard frost they will die back to the ground.
In the spring they will sprout again when the temperatures rise.
Fritillaria are deer resistant.
Common varieties of fritillaria include; Albata (White with pink stripes and purple eyes), Albamerita (White with red spots and purple eyes), Maxima (Creamy white with purple stripes and purple eyes), Rubra (Red with brown spots and purple eyes), and Vulneraria (Salmon with green spots and white eyes).
Fritillaria are available for purchase year-round.
They are easy to grow and can multiply quickly in the right conditions. Fritillaria are not seriously affected by many diseases or insects. They are drought tolerant, so they don’t need much supplemental watering once they become established. They also survive light frost and snow.
Albata, Albamerita, and Vulneraria die back in the winter, while the other varieties can take a little frost and snow.
They attract bees, butterflies, and birds.
Albata, Albamerita, Vulneraria, and some Maxima have edible bulbs that can be used in cooking.
Bulbs do not reproduce true to type and many new varieties have been developed over the years. As a result, you cannot count on purchasing a particular variety each time you buy bulbs.
Fritillaria are not easy to grow from seed. They require a warm stratified period of three months followed by an eight week cold stratification period.
Fritillaria are not common in the wild. They grow naturally in Asia Minor, around the Mediterranean, and in central Asia.
The name Fritillaria comes from the Latin word “fruttillaria,” meaning “fruitful.” Fritillaria was once placed in the lily family, but is now placed in the asparagus family.
Fritillaria were eaten by the ancient Romans, who enjoyed their sweet taste.
Fritillaria were first described by Carolus Linnæus, a Swedish botanist, in his book “Species Plantarum” in 1753.
Sources & references used in this article:
Camas (Camassia spp.) and riceroot (Fritillaria spp.): Two liliaceous “root” foods of the Northwest Coast Indians by NJ Turner, HV Kuhnlein – Ecology of Food and Nutrition, 1983 – Taylor & Francis
Can Species of Fritillaria and Allium Serve as Guideposts to Human Migration? by RG Gastil – Available at SSRN 1564426, 2010 – papers.ssrn.com
A Field Guide to Rocky Mountain Wildflowers: Northern Arizona and New Mexico to British Columbia by JJ Craighead, FC Craighead, RJ Davis – 1998 – books.google.com
Growing California native plants by T Payne – 1916 – T. Payne