Pepper Plant Life Cycle
The life cycle of a pepper plant begins with seedlings which are born from seeds. These seeds germinate when temperatures reach around 20°C (68°F). After sprouting, the young seedlings grow into small pods or leaves called cotyledons. When they mature, the cotyledon splits open and releases its contents inside the pod. The pods contain either immature fruits or fruitless seeds.
If the seeds are not viable, then they will remain inside the pod.
During the next few weeks, the young seedlings continue to grow until they become adults. They produce new shoots called runners along with producing new leaves and stems. At maturity, these plants have reached their final form; however it may take several years before all of them die off completely due to cold weather conditions and diseases.
Ghost Pepper Plants
Ghost peppers are different from other types of peppers because they develop without any sunlight. They do not need light at all. Ghost peppers only require partial shade during the day time and full sun at night time. They do not like hot temperatures and will only grow if there is enough warmth to keep them alive. However, they cannot survive in very high humidity levels, so make sure that your house does not have too much moisture content.
Ghost Peppers In Winter
During winter, ghost peppers can either be grown inside a house or outside in an open field. The major difference between keeping them inside during winter and keeping them outside is that they will need a lot more water when kept outside. When growing them inside your house, you should keep their soil damp at all times. You can do this by using a spray bottle and spraying the soil with water every day. You should also use a well-draining soil mixture to ensure that the soil does not get waterlogged.
When keeping your ghost peppers outside during winter you will need to mulch around the base of the plants with some straw or dry leaves. This helps to prevent the moisture from the soil from evaporating too quickly and keeps the soil at a more constant cool temperature. You can also plant more ghost peppers outside in the winter as long as they have enough sunlight and protection from the weather. When keeping ghost peppers outside, you will need to water the soil before winter arrives and afterwards as well.
Ghost Pepper Winter Care
When your ghost pepper plants are growing outside during winter, there are a few things that you will need to pay attention to. The first is that you will need to keep an eye on the moisture content of the soil. If the soil becomes too dry, you will need to give it a good watering. You may need to water it twice a week in extreme drought conditions. You can also mulch around the base of the plant with dry leaves or straw to help retain moisture in the soil.
The next thing to look out for is diseases and pests which may infect your plants. During winter, you may find that your plants begin to rot, have discolored spots on the leaves or begin to grow mold. This means that they have been infected with a disease and you will need to act immediately to stop it from spreading. You can spray your plants with a mixture of 1 tsp of milk and 1 tbsp of vegetable oil twice a day. This should prevent the mold from spreading.
You can also remove any infected leaves as soon as you see the spots.
Sources & references used in this article:
Exposing pepper plants to high day temperatures prevents the adverse low night temperature symptoms by E Pressman, R Shaked, N Firon – Physiologia Plantarum, 2006 – Wiley Online Library
Ornamental pepper by JR Stommel, PW Bosland – Flower breeding and genetics, 2007 – Springer
Antioxidant activity in some red sweet pepper cultivars by N Deepa, C Kaur, B Singh, HC Kapoor – Journal of Food Composition and …, 2006 – Elsevier
Effect of high temperature stress on the performance of twelve sweet pepper genotypes by SR Saha, MM Hossain, MM Rahman… – Bangladesh Journal of …, 2010 – banglajol.info
Effects of humidity, temperature and concentration of the nutrient solution on firmness, shelf life and flavour of sweet pepper fruits (Capsicum annuum L.) by J Janse – IV International Symposium on Quality of Vegetables …, 1988 – actahort.org
Orius albidipennis (Rueter) as an effective biocontrol agent against Tetranychus urticae Koch on pepper crops in greenhouse in Egypt by SA El Arnaouty, MN Kortam, AI Afifi… – Egyptian Journal of …, 2018 – Springer
Water requirements of greenhouse grown pepper under drip irrigation by K Chartzoulakis, N Drosos – II International Symposium on Irrigation of …, 1996 – actahort.org