The Arctic Raspberry (Sophora capillata) is one of the most common ground covers in North America. Its berries are used in jams, jellies, and other food products. The Arctic Raspberry is not only popular among consumers but it’s also known to have medicinal properties. According to some studies, the berries contain high levels of antioxidants such as anthocyanins and flavonoids which may protect against certain types of cancer. The berries also contain polyphenols which have been shown to reduce blood pressure and improve heart health.
Raspberry plants grow well in cold climates, but they do not like heat or dry conditions. They prefer moist soil with lots of organic matter such as manure, composted leaves, wood chips, leaf litter, grass clippings and so forth. The best time to plant raspberries is spring when the weather is warm and sunny. You will need to water your raspberry plants regularly.
If you live in a hot climate, then planting raspberries during the fall season would be better because temperatures are cooler. However, if you want to grow them year round, then you’ll need to provide them with plenty of light and moisture.
Trickle water slowly over the roots of your raspberry plants. If you have a lot of raspberries, you can also set up a drip irrigation system to save time and water. To make the most of your raspberries, make sure that the canes are spread out. This will ensure that the canes do not become diseased and are less vulnerable to pests.
During the summer, you may want to apply a balanced fertilizer with slow-release nutrients twice a year.
The great thing about growing raspberries is that they can produce fruit within one year. Each fall, the canes will produce bright red berries which are ready for harvest during the summer and the following fall. If you live in a warm climate, you can even pick raspberries during the winter months as well.
The best way to pick your raspberries is to cut them off near the base. This will encourage the plant to produce more berries. Just remember to never pull the berries off because this can damage the delicate roots and this may harm the plant in the long run.
While growing raspberries organically is ideal, you may encounter pests such as aphids or whiteflies. These tiny little nuisances can quickly spread viruses and diseases to your raspberry plants. This is why growing raspberries organically is the best way to go especially if you plan on using the berries for food. If you find that your raspberries are infested with aphids or whiteflies, then take a close look at your plants.
If you see small insects hidding on the underside of the leaves, then you’ve got yourself an infestation. The best way to get rid of them is to spray your plants with hot pepper wax, neem oil, or you can even make your own organic spray.
If you don’t want to waste time making your own organic raspbery spray, then you can always buy a bottle of neem oil or pyrethrum from a local nursery or garden center. What’s great about these two products is that they won’t kill beneficial insects such as bees and butterflies. If you’re growing your raspberries in a container or your garden is small, you can also purchase ladybugs to help get rid of aphids. All you have to do is release about 50 ladybugs every week and within a month, all the aphids will be gone.
You’ll know when aphids have completely infested your raspberries because they will start to look sickly and wilted. It’s a good idea to regularly check your plants to ensure that infestation doesn’t occur.
When growing raspberries, it’s also best to mulch around the base of the plant. This will help lock in moisture and keep weeds away. Plus mulch looks really nice around your raspberries.
Whenever you’re harvesting your raspberries, make sure that you pick them all. You don’t want to leave any behind because if you do, the remaining berries will quickly become diseased and rot. It’s really a bummer to come out to your garden and see that your raspberries have fallen victim to rot because you left a few behind to long before you picked them.
Remember to always clean your hands before you pick your raspberries. You don’t want to introduce any foreign bacteria or fungus into the bush which can quickly spread and cause disease. Also when you put your raspberries into a container, make sure you keep them in a dark place so that they stay fresh longer.
Sources & references used in this article:
Influence of cultivation techniques on productivity and fruit quality of some Vaccinium and Rubus taxa by M Starast – 2008 – web-proxy.io
An exploration of non-timber forest product potential in a sub-arctic aboriginal setting by GA Murray – 2002 – collectionscanada.gc.ca
Life history, seasonal adaptations and monitoring of common green capsid Lygocoris pabulinus (L.) (Hem., Miridae) by LHM Blommers, F Vaal… – Journal of Applied …, 1997 – Wiley Online Library
Fresh Food from Small Spaces: The Square-inch Gardener’s Guide to Year-round Growing, Fermenting, and Sprouting by RJ Ruppenthal – 2008 – books.google.com
Northland wildflowers: the comprehensive guide to the Minnesota region by JB Moyle, EW Moyle – 2001 – books.google.com