Flower Groups: Plants For Mass Planting In The Garden
The Flower Groupings are plants which have similar characteristics. They all belong to one of three groups; Herbaceous, Shrub or Tree. Each group has its own characteristic features and each feature contributes to the overall beauty of the flower.
The Flower Groupings are divided into two subgroups; Herbaceous and Shrub.
Herbaceous Groupings (or “herbs”) include: Aster, Belladonna, Basil, Bay Leaf, Black Cohosh, Blue Lotus, Bromeliads & Clary Sage. These plants are usually found growing near ground level. They provide a pleasant fragrance and taste when eaten.
Some of them are very useful for their medicinal properties. All of these plants have been used in traditional medicine to treat various ailments such as coughs and colds etc..
Shrub Groupings (or “shrubs”) include: Beech, Cactus, Chrysanthemums, Dogwood, Elm, Hollyhock, Ivy & Lily. These plants grow at higher heights and they have large leaves. Most of these plants have small flowers with white petals and red stamens.
They are often used in folk medicines to cure various diseases like fever etc..
Tree Groupings (or “trees”): Oak, Pine, Spruce, Tulip Poplar, Willows & Yucca. These plants are found at the highest heights of all plants. They have very large wide leaves.
Many of these trees provide special materials which are used in the construction industry. Sweet smelling flowers grow on some of these plants like the case with Dogwood and the Tulip tree etc..
Best Perennials For Mass Planting
More knowledge about Best Perennials For Mass Planting can be found here.
The best perennials for mass planting are the ones that grow year after year without needing to be replanted and don’t require a great deal of attention. These plants come back without you needing to do anything other than deadhead or divide them every three or four years.
There are many good choices for mass plantings and the following are just a few popular ones.
• Ageratums – These plants come in a variety of colors, usually with multiple petals, and are fairly short, generally around 2 feet tall. They work well if you want something short but need color in the garden.
• Asters – Asters come in a wide range of colors and have either multiple petals or a “ray” type center, with the flowers generally around 2-4 inches across. Asters can be short like the original Michaelmas daisies or much taller, some even reaching 5 feet in height. The blooms are usually in late summer and early fall.
• Bearded Iris – There are many species and hybrids of iris and they come in a wide range of colors and heights, from dwarf varieties less than a foot high to tall bearded iris which are over six feet in height. They have 3-40 or more flowers on each stem, the blooms lasting from mid spring to late summer. The rhizomes (horizontal roots) of most of these plants should be at or near the surface of the soil to encourage blooming, so don’t plant them deeply.
• Campanulas – There are around 300 species of campanula and they come in a wide range of heights and colors. They generally have a “crown” of petals, the blooms being around 1-3 inches across. These plants are ideal for dry soil and some of the low growing kinds make good rock garden plants.
Even More Knowledge About Best Perennials For Mass Planting can be found here.
Here are some suggestions for plants that can add color and interest to your yard or garden during the fall season.
There are a wide variety of perennials, annuals, shrubs and trees that add excitement to your garden during this time of year.
Carolina Allspice – also called the Cascabella (Calycanthus floridus) is a deciduous shrub that grows to a height of 8-12 feet with a slightly less width. It has small flowers that grow in clusters of white petals and yellow centers. These flowers give way to small round purple berries that give the shrub its other common name of “Spiceberry”.
The leaves of this plant are simple and generally glossy, green and smooth.
Black Bears have been known to eat the berries, hence one of its other nicknames, “Black Bear Bush”. Bees are also fond of the nectar as well.
The leaves and stems contain a strong scent that is similar to Melilot or Lemon Balm and this is what gives the shrub its unique scent.
This shrub prefers full sun to partial shade and well drained soils. It can be used in the landscape as a single specimen plant, in groups or even as a hedgerow. It can also be used as a screen or border.
Dead nettle (Lamium) is a low growing plant that is ideal to use as a ground cover in areas that you don’t want any “wild” plants or weeds. It’s also ideal for rock gardens. The leaves grow in an unusual “X” pattern and have a scalloped shape at the edges.
During the spring, no matter where you look on the plant, it seems as if the plant has gone completely to bloom. Both the green leaves and the flowers have a lacy appearance. The color of the flowers can be white to deep purple or red.
This plant can easily be propagated by division or cuttings. It prefers full sun to partial shade and rich well drained soils.
The flowers of the Dead nettle can also be used as a cooked green. It is best to gather these plants early in the year before they go to seed. The seed can also be used as a flour substitute for those with allergies.
Lamb’s ears (Stachys byzantina) is an easy to grow plant that looks great on the edge of a border or in a rock garden. It has leaves that are soft and fuzzy textured that can grow up to 12 inches long and 8 inches wide. The foliage is grey-green in color and is divided into leaflets that grow on long stalks from the main stem.
During the spring and summer Lamb’s ears grows a multitude of pink flowers that grow in whorls on the stem. These flowers are followed by oval seed heads that are about 1 inch long.
This plant prefers part sun, good drainage and well cultivated soil. It can tolerate drought once it is established, but does look its best with occasional watering during extended dry periods.
Lamb’s ears can be divided and transplanted without harm. It is a good idea to cover the area where you are moving it from for a couple of days to keep any seedlings from germinating in their original location.
Lamb’s ears is also known as “airy wings” because of the soft texture of the leaves. It was believed in the middle ages that witches used the plant in their potions.
This plant was also used medicinally. The juice from the stems was used to treat wounds and diarrhea. The green parts of the plant were roasted to make a coffeelike beverage.
Pineapple Weed (Matricaria matricarioides) is an annual plant that is native to central Europe but has naturalized itself all through the US. It got its common name from the fact that its leaves resemble a pineapple. The leaves are finely divided and may or may not have a white mark resembling the rings of a pineapple in the center of the leaf.
The weed usually grows to about 2 feet tall and prefers open areas or roadsides that are sunny to partial shade. It has a tendency to spread rapidly, especially if there is adequate rainfall. It can be easily propagated by seed.
The herb has a history of being used as a salad green even though it is somewhat bitter tasting. It is also said to help with digestion and can be taken as a beverage or infused in oil for external use.
Even though the pineapple weed is an annual, it is not particularly easy to rip out of the ground. It has a very strong root system. A better way to control its growth is to simply allow it to go to seed and self seed.
It will then naturalize itself in that area of your property and can be clipped and used as needed.
The seeds are covered with silky hairs that cause them to stick with ease to clothing and animal fur. This is how it has spread to most of the US.
Pig Weed (Amaranthus albus) is a common weed that can be found all over the world. It tolerates a wide range of soil types, prefers full sun and can grow in almost any condition. It is commonly found along roadsides and in untended fields.
The plant grows to about 4 feet tall and has Leaves that can reach up to 2 feet long and 1 foot wide. They are a light green in color and are deeply lobed similar to some varieties of cultivated lettuce.
It produces an abundance of small flowers that start out as a light purple color but quickly turn a darker shade. The flower itself is only about 1/5th of an inch in diameter and is surrounded by a collar of long white hairs.
These flowers are followed by oval shaped seed pods that can reach up to 4 inches long and have numerous tiny seeds that look like dust. All of these features combined make the plant easy to identify.
The Pig Weed Seeds have been used as a seasoning and in some parts of the world are still used today as a coffee substitute.
The leaves can be eaten as a salad green but should be consumed in moderation due to their toxicity.
Pig Weed is toxic to most animals if consumed in large amounts. It has been known to cause paralysis in some animals and should be treated with caution.
Pineapple Sage (Salvia elegans) is an herb that is native to Central America but has naturalized itself in most areas of the US, especially in the south west. It prefers open areas and can survive in dry soil as long as there is partial sun exposure.
The plant grows from a woody shrub to about 2 feet tall and has light green leaves that are covered with fine white hairs. It produces purple flowers in the summer that have a distinct pineapple scent.
Pineapple Sage has a long history of culinary and medicinal uses among Native Americans. The leaves can be used to flavor fish, pork, beans or stews. It is also an important ingredient in a popular beverage among the Native Americans known as Black Drink.
The Pineapple Sage contains antioxidants and has been used for centuries to treat various types of infections. It also has a number of other medicinal uses as well including treatment of digestive problems. It should not be taken during pregnancy.
Pineapple Sage leaves have a distinct flavor that is popular among some but detested by others. It is an important ingredient in a traditional Black Drink among Native Americans.
The seeds of the plant can be used as a substitute for black pepper and have a distinct flavor similar to rye. They can be used as a seasoning in most dishes and can even be used to make beer or whisky.
The pollen of the plant, when dry, can be a respiratory allergen.
Pineapple Sage is one of the 50+ edible, medicinal and useful plants that you can find in the book “Wild Edible, Medicinal and Useful Plants of the Mountain West” by William Harrison Logan.
Prickly Pear Cactus is a plant that is easily recognized by its flat body that grows on top of thin but sharp needles. These needles can easily pierce the skin and Prickly Pear Cactus has been known to be toxic to some animals.
Despite this, Indigenous Americans did eat parts of the plant. They simply peeled off the skin, chopped it up and cooked it. In fact prickle pear was a staple food for many tribes that lived in the Southwest.
The taste has been described as bland but refreshing.
The juice of the plant can be used as a substitute for lemon or lime in certain recipes. It is popularly used to make prickly pear ice cream.
Prickly Pear Cactus contains a high amount of vitamin C. It also has a high amount of carbohydrate content and can provide water for up to ten days if fully ripe.
The plant can be eaten raw or cooked. Many prickly pear recipes call for the prickly pear to be baked in the oven or boiled for about ten minutes. The skin is usually too tough to eat so it should be peeled off first.
Prickly Pear Cactus Fruit can be found in grocery stores in the form of juice, syrup and powder. It is used as a substitute for lemon or lime in many different recipes and can even be turned into wine.
Prickly Pear Cactus is one of the 50+ edible, medicinal and useful plants that you can find in the book “Wild Edible, Medicinal and Useful Plants of the Mountain West” by William Harrison Logan.
Also Known As: Common Prickly Pear, Barbed Pear, Indian Fig, Nopal
Stinging Nettle is an invasive plant that is well known for its painful sting. The sting is caused by formic acid and will cause a burning or stinging sensation that can last for up to 48 hours.
Despite this, Native Americans have used the plant as a food source and medicine for centuries. The leaves of the plant can be cooked and eaten just like any other green vegetable. The young stems can be cooked and eaten as well.
They have a flavor similar to spinach.
The roots of the plant can be dried and ground into a powder that can be used as a spice for cooking.
Stinging Nettle has also been used in traditional medicine to help treat ailments such as arthritis, asthma, bronchitis, cancer, hepatitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, and more.
Steeped Stinging Nettle leaves can be used as a hair rinse to prevent grey hair. It can even restore pigment to grey hair.
The plant also contains a high amount of vitamin C and iron. It can be found in grocery stores in the form of tablets, capsules and syrup.
Violet is a flowering plant that has been used as both food and medicine for centuries by people all around the world.
The Cherokee people would crush the leaves and roots of the plant and use it as an additive with tobacco. They also chewed the flowers for coughs. The leaves were sometimes cooked and eaten too.
The Hoh Native American tribe would use the leaves to treat wounds and sores. The Ojibway used the roots as an antidote for poisoning.
Violets have been used in the treatment of epilepsy, headaches, diarrhea, internal bleeding, and many other conditions. It can even be used to induce vomiting.
Different cultures have adopted different uses for Violets. The Chinese crushed the flowers and leaves and inhaled them to relieve head pain. The Greeks and Romans used a Violet syrup for the same purpose.
Violets were also crushed and added to wine in order to keep it from turning bad.
Violet flowers are most commonly eaten in the form of candies, syrups and jams. They can be used to make tea as well. In some places, Violet petals are turned into a sweet syrup with sugar or honey that is used in drinks and even baking.
The roots of the Violet can also be eaten. They have a nutty taste and can be dried and crushed into a powder that can be used in cooking.
Water Hemlock is a wild plant that can cause sight disturbances, delerium, seizures, paralysis, respiratory failure, coma and death. The leaves are the most dangerous part of the plant. They do not smell strong and so can easily be mistaken for an edible plant.
Water Hemlock is a common plant along riverbanks and swampy areas. It is in the same family as the Carrots and the Parsley. All three of these plants contains a poison called Herpatoxin.
Luckily, this poison isn’t found in the roots and seeds, so if you want to avoid getting poisoned, you only need to avoid the leaves.
Water Hemlock contains several different chemicals that are dangerous to humans. These include: cicutoxin, which can lead to delirium and bizarre behavior. It can also cause paralysis of the face, leading to the victim being unable to breath and ultimately asphyxiating; and Coniine, which can lead to slow and erratic heartbeat, seizures, excessive salivation, diarrhea and eventually death.
Water Hemlock does have one medical use though. The Ancient Greeks used it during crucifixions to lessen the pain of the suffereings.
The Baneberry is a purple and white flowering plant that can be found in swampy areas. It has bell-shaped flowers that can grow to be up to a foot in diameter.
The entire plant, including the root, is extremely poisonous. It contains chemicals called Berberine and Trogeminal. If ingested by humans, these chemicals can cause tremors, heart failure and even death.
The Iroquois people used to give a tea made from the roots to their prisoners as a method of execution. The Ojibway people used an extract from the berries as a treatment for headaches.
Wisteria is commonly used as an ornamental climbing plant to decorate porches, stairs, and gardens. Native to America and Asia, it can now be found in every continent in the world except for Antartica.
Wisteria is extremely toxic to humans and animals. The seeds, flowers, pods, and even the leaves are all poisonous.
The toxin in Wisteria is called Cytisine. If ingested, it can cause a decrease in heart rate and a low blood pressure, which can lead to death through heart failure. This toxin can also cause severe gastric irritation when ingested and contact with the skin can cause severe rashing and blisters.
Despite being extremely toxic, it has been used as a method to kill rats. The seeds can be crushed and mixed with apporopriate foods to poison rodents.
The Yellow Archangel gets its name from its bright yellow blossom that resembles an arch. Native to North America, it can now be found in most temperate climates.
The entire plant is poisonous and can cause allergic reactions, stomach pains, headaches, vomiting, diarrhea and even death.
The Cherokee people used to use the plant as a sedative. They crushed the roots, mixed it with bear grease and applied it to wounds as a method of healing.
The Archangel gets its name from its arch-like leaves and its aromatic smell. It is in the same family as the gardenias and the ti plants. It contains a chemical called Alanine, which gives it its fragrance.
Alanine can also be found in sweets and molasses.
Sources & references used in this article:
Flower usage by bumble-bees: a basis for forage plant management by M Fussell, SA Corbet – Journal of Applied Ecology, 1992 – JSTOR
Talking about plants-comments of primary school groups looking at plant exhibits in a botanical garden by SD Tunnicliffe – Journal of Biological Education, 2001 – Taylor & Francis
Dictionary of British and Irish botanists and horticulturists including plant collectors, flower painters and garden designers by W Robinson – 1894 – J. Murray
Plant dispersal: the role of man by G Jekyll – 1914 – ” Country life”, Limited
An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II by R Desmond – 1994 – books.google.com
American plants for American gardens by G Jekyll – 1908 – ” Country life”, Limited