Pansy seeds are not easy to get. They require special conditions to germinate and they need some time before they become productive plants. There are many different varieties of pansies, but all have one thing in common: their ability to reproduce sexually and produce seeds. Some species of pansies even produce fruits which can be eaten or used in other ways.
The following information will give you a basic idea about the types of seeds that can be found in various kinds of pansies. If you want to learn more about specific varieties, then please refer to our online catalog where you can buy panies seeds at affordable prices!
How to Grow Pansies From Cuttings?
There are several methods of growing pansies from cuttings. These include the use of root suckers, grafting, and rooting hormone. Each method has its advantages and disadvantages so it’s up to you which one you choose.
Root suckers are a very simple way of getting started with growing pansies from cuttings. It is also the most common. All you have to do is gently tear a branch (with at least one node on it) off the mother plant and then cut the branch just below the node. The remaining piece should have at least two nodes on it.
As mentioned above, you can use a rooting hormone to increase the success rate of your pansy cuttings. There are both liquid and powder types which can be used for this purpose. If you decide to use the powder type then you should prepare it by mixing it with water and allowing it to thicken for a short period of time.
Cut the branch and the thicker end which remains after removal of the cutting. Then remove the lowest leaves from it. Now make a small vertical slit in the thicker portion (node) and push the cutting half way into it. The idea here is that the nodes will help the two portions accept each other when they join together.
Place all the cuttings you have prepared (if you have more than one pan of them) on top of some moistened newspaper. Make sure that the newspapers are kept in a place which gets bright sunlight.
After an average of two weeks, the cuttings can be checked to see if they have rooted properly.
When you grow pansies from cuttings you have a very simple and easy way to reproduce them. You can increase or decrease the number of pansies according to your needs!
How to Graft Pansies?
Grafting is a more complex method of pansy plant propagation because it requires some basic knowledge about the art of grafting. However, it can be very rewarding if you have the time and patience to learn how to do it.
Here is an easy way of growing pansies from cuttings which involves grafting:
Prepare your cuttings as described above. Prepare two similar plants (such as two different varieties or two parts of the same plant) as the rootstock. Prepare these by cutting off a small branch and then removing the leaves from it. Make a vertical slit in it and push the prepared cuttings into it.
After an average of two weeks you can see if the grafted pansies have rooted properly. You can also separate the new plant from the rootstock then and transplant it into a flower pot. If you want to keep it, then you should prune back the top portion of the grafted plant so that it doesn’t get too tall and leggy. The rootstock portion can be discarded as it has served its purpose.
Pansy Plant Care
Caring for your pansies is not a very difficult task and they can easily be cultivated in containers, pots, or flower beds. As long as they get enough sun and water, they are pretty easy going plants. Even average, infrequent watering will not do much harm to them.
Pansies can thrive in most types of soil (as long as it is well drained) but it is best if you grow them in soil which has been enriched with organic matter. They can be grown both in the ground as well as in containers. however, it is better to keep them in a container if you live in an area which experiences severe winters. This is because the roots can be easily damaged if the ground freezes.
As mentioned above, pansies do not need very frequent watering. So even if you grow them in a container, you can keep the soil fairly dry as long as you are sure that the container itself isn’t allowing the water to drain out. It is during hot and dry weather that they will need more water than usual.
If you live in an area with very warm summers, then you can grow pansies outdoors. Pansies can also be grown in patio pots and when grown this way they can be brought inside during the wintertime. They will bring a bit color to your house during the colder months!
Pansies can be grown in the garden from seeds but this is a longer process and they may not flower in their first year. Also, since all pansies are different in appearance, it is difficult to tell what type of pansy you will get from the seed (some have many different colors variations). If a specific color is important to you, it is best to buy plants or bulbs of that particular color which you want to grow.
Pansies are easy to grow and if you follow these instructions, you will have beautiful plants in no time!
Sources & references used in this article:
The effect of priming on germination and vigour of pansy (Viola× Wittrockiana Gams.) seeds by H Dorna, W Li, D Szopińska – Acta Sci Pol Hortoru, 2014 – hortorumcultus.actapol.net
Effect of priming solution, concentration and duration on pansy (Viola tricolor L. var. arvensis) seed germination and vegetative parameters. by F Rajabalipour, AA Zade, S Bakhtiari – … of Agronomy and Plant …, 2013 – cabdirect.org
The Effects of Temperature, Photoperiod and Light Integral on the Time to Flowering of Pansy cv. Universal Violet ( Viola × wittrockiana … by SR Adams, S Pearson, P Hadley – Annals of Botany, 1997 – academic.oup.com
Study of seed germination at Viola tricolor L.(Pansy). by DI Vârban, R Vârban, MM Duda… – … and Medicinal Plants, 2015 – cabdirect.org
Effect of seed priming and planting dates on growth, flowering and seed production of pansy (Viola× wittrockiana Gams.). by S Rishu, BS Dilta, HS Baweja, K Poonam… – Annals of …, 2018 – cabdirect.org
871 PB 223 IMPROVED GERMINATION OF PANSY SEED AT HIGH TEMPERATURES BY PRIMING WITH SALT SOLUTIONS by B Yoon, HJ Lane, BG Cobb – HortScience, 1994 – journals.ashs.org
The cumulation of Wild pansy (Viola tricolor L.) accessions: the possibility of species preservation and usage in medicine by S Rimkiene, O Ragazinskiene, N Savickiene – Medicina (Kaunas), 2003 – researchgate.net
Pansy production and marketing by JR Kessler, JA Hagan, P Cobb – Alabama A&M and …, 1998 – hortscans.ces.ncsu.edu