Fiddleleaf Philodendron Care: A Brief Overview
Philodendrum bipinnatifidum is a member of the family Bipinnataceae which includes other species such as the Chinese Evergreen Poppy (Papaver somniferum), the Japanese Evergreen Poppy (Papaver papyrifera) and the European Purple Poppy (Daucus carota). These are all members of genus Papaver.
The leaves of Fiddleleaf Philodendron are usually smooth with a few short hairs at the tips. They grow up to 3 feet tall and have a broad flat base.
Their flowers are white or pinkish purple and bloom from late spring through early summer. The petals are 5-7 inches long, 1/4 inch wide and covered with small yellowish green scales. Flowers contain one to three seeds, each containing only two cells of seed material. Seeds germinate in 2 weeks.
Fiddleleaf Philodendron Care: How To Grow Fiddleleaf Philodendrons?
In order to grow Fiddleleaf Philodendrons successfully, it is necessary to know how to care for them properly. If you want to plant these plants, then you need to know what kind of soil they like best and how much water you will need per week.
Fiddleleafs are most comfortable in rich, well-draining soil with a pH of 6.5 to 7.0.
The soil should be light and have a lot of humus in it. They prefer indirect sunlight at the tops of the plants and full sun for the roots. The temperature for these plants should be in the range of 40 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 20 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit at night.
Fiddleleafs should be watered with rainwater or water that has been allowed to sit for 24 hours so that it is well aerated. Overhead watering should be avoided as wet foliage makes plants more susceptible to fungus attacks.
Fertilize 3 times a month from spring to fall and 2 times a month from winter to spring using an inorganic fertilizer that does not contain manganese.
A good rule of thumb is to feed plants at half the rate recommended on the fertilizer package. Do not add fertilizer to soil that is wet as this can be fatal.
Fiddleleaf Care: How To Propagate Fiddleleafs?
One of the most common ways to propagate fiddleleafs is through division. The best time to divide your plant is early spring once the threat of frost has passed and you have taken the plant outdoors for the spring. Fiddleleafs can also be propagated from seeds and stem cuttings, though these methods are not as common.
Where To Plant Fiddleleafs?
One of the most common questions about fiddleleafs is where to plant them. The best place to plant a fiddleleaf is in a rich soil with good drainage and lots of sun. They are not particular about soil type and can grow in many different types of soil, though they do need soil that is high in organic matter.
They can grow in full sun to partial shade, though full sun is best if you live in a place that has it. They do not like to be over-watered or grown in wet soil.
In fact, fiddleleafs can tolerate drought very well, making them an excellent choice for xeriscape landscaping. They can also survive in temperatures as low as 20 degrees Fahrenheit, so they are a good choice for gardeners in colder climates.
Fiddleleafs can grow to be quite large, up to 6 feet in height. Though it is a good idea to give them some space between plants as they can grow wide as well.
It is best to plant them at least 3 feet apart from one another. Because they can get quite large, you will need to prune them regularly in order to keep them under control. Most gardeners prune their plants at least once a year in the spring.
Pruning fiddleleafs is quite easy and can make your plant grow fuller and bushier. All you need is a pair of gardening shears.
First, cut any dead or diseased looking stems close to the base. Then, pick a central stem and cut any other stems that sprout from the main stem. You can prune all but 2 stems this way if you want it to be really full.
If you want a more manicured plant, you can prune it in a circular pattern. Start by cutting any dead or diseased stems close to the base.
Then, choose a central stem and cut any stems that sprout within one foot on either side of the central stem.
Sources & references used in this article:
Cultural Guidelines for Commercial Production of Interiorscape Philodendron by DB McConnell, J Chen, RJ Henny, KC Everitt – EDIS, 2003 – journals.flvc.org
Cut Foliage Research Note by RH Stamps – mrec.ifas.ufl.edu
Indoors plants, identification and culture by DRJE PERRY