How To Plant Pecans: Learn About Sowing Pecan Seeds
Sow Pecans For Seed!
The first thing you need to do is select a suitable location where you want your pecan tree to grow. You could choose a spot with good soil or even a place where there are no other trees around.
You have to make sure that the area you choose is not going to attract birds or squirrels. If they come here, then they might eat some of your nuts before you get them out of their reach.
You may wish to sow your pecan seedlings at night when the ground is still cool enough so that the seeds won’t freeze during winter months. (If you don’t mind waiting until spring.
Then you’ll have time to wait till summer.)
Seeding Your Tree
After choosing a site, cut down a piece of bark from the side of the tree. Cut the bark into strips about 1/2 inch wide and 2 inches long.
These strips will serve as supports for your pecan tree. Place these strips under one end of each strip of bark and secure them with string or twine. This is done so that you can easily pull them up later on.
Dig a small hole just deep enough to cover the seed so that only the tip of it is showing. Place a pecan seed into each hole and gently cover with earth.
If you have potash or superphosphate, mix a few spoonfuls in with the earth before covering it over. (This will help nourish your trees. They need potassium when they’re young to prevent them from developing “hollow heart”.)
Your seeds should be placed about 12 inches apart. This distance will ensure that your trees get enough sun so they can grow healthy and strong.
You don’t want them to get “Leggy” and become weak and prone to disease.
If you have a row of pecan trees, then there should be about 4 feet between the rows. This allows enough space so the sun can get to your trees.
Don’t place them too close to your other fruit trees because they will compete with each other for the same sunlight. (If you have a lot of sun, then you can place them a bit closer.)
Fertilize Your Tree Every Year!
No matter if you grow your pecan trees in containers or in the ground, make sure that you fertilize them every year to promote healthy growth. (You can do this with an organic or a chemical fertilizer, but use something that has phosphorus and potassium in it.
No matter what you do, don’t overdo it!)
Pecan trees should be watered on a regular basis. If you’re growing yours in the ground, make sure that the area is nice and moist.
(But not soggy because this can cause the roots to rot.) Water them about once a week in the summer and reduce watering during winter.
If you’re growing your pecan trees in containers, then make sure to water them more often. (Especially during hot and dry spells.) Punch holes in the bottom of the container so that the water can drain out.
Stones placed at the bottom of the pot will help prevent the roots from rotting.
Choose a sunny location for your pecan tree. They need at least 6 hours of direct sunlight.
If you have trouble finding a spot that sunny, then you can try growing your tree in a container and placing it in a spot that gets full sun. Choose a pot that’s no less than 15 gallons and make sure to keep it well-watered.
Pecan trees hate wet feet so make sure that the soil you plant them in doesn’t stay soggy. (This can be done by adding some gravel to the bottom of the hole before setting the tree in it.) In addition, if your tree is growing in the ground, plant some grass around it.
Not only will this help keep away unwanted weeds, but it will also encourage the growth of fungi that pecan trees love to eat.
Prune your pecan trees yearly. This will help prevent them from growing too large for their branches to support their own weight.
It will also allow sunlight to reach the grass underneath.
Fertilize your pecan trees every year in the early spring time using a 10-10-10 fertilizer. Spread it around the tree but make sure that you don’t apply too much (if you do, take some of it away.) If you have a lot of ground covering weeds, then take a weed whacker to cut them down before fertilizer time.
(Weeds steal nutrients from your trees.
Sources & references used in this article:
Effect of stratification and GA3 on the germination of pecan seeds and subsequent seedling growth. by S El-Nabawy, MA Rawash, I Desouky… – Annals of Agricultural …, 1980 – cabdirect.org
Effects of drying on germination rate of pecan seeds by Z Dalkılıç – Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment, 2013 – researchgate.net
Production, growth, and nut quality in pecans under water stress based on the crop water stress index by DJ Garrot, MW Kilby, DD Fangmeier… – Journal of the …, 1993 – journals.ashs.org
mproved Pecans I by M Nesbitt, L Stein, J Kamas – Texas Fruit and Nut …, 2013 – aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu
Changes in growth active substances in pecan seeds as affected by stratification and GA treatments. by S El-Nabawy, MA Rawash, AM El-Hamady… – Egyptian journal of …, 1980 – cabdirect.org
Allelopathic effects of pecan seeds and shells. by HJ Zhu, WD Yu, RY Cao, M Lyu, GQ Liu… – Acta Agriculturae …, 2015 – cabdirect.org
Pecans, Arizona’s New Industry by HP Stuckey – 1915 – Georgia Experiment Station
The pecan in Arizona by AF Kennison – 1925 – repository.arizona.edu