The Facts About Horseradish:
Horseradish is a plant belonging to the mint family. Its leaves are dark green with yellow edges and it grows from 3 to 10 feet tall. The plant produces white flowers that look like tiny horseshoes.
These flowers attract bees which pollinate them. When these plants bloom, they produce large numbers of small blue berries that taste bitter but not poisonous. They are eaten fresh or dried.
How Long Do Horseradish Berries Last?
Horseradish berries last for only a few days, so if you want to eat them now, don’t wait too long! However, some people keep horseradish berries for months before eating them. The reason why is because they contain vitamins C and B6 that are good for your health. You may read more about the benefits of horseradish here.
Types Of Horseradish Plants:
There are two main kinds of horseradish plants: those that grow along roadsides and those that grow near fields. Both types produce different varieties of berries. There are also other species of horseradish plants, but they aren’t very common.
Some people prefer the flavor of wild horseradish over cultivated ones. You can identify roadside varieties by their long leaves and flowers that have four petals. They may or may not grow near crops. Cultivated varieties, on the other hand, have a stronger flavor and small leaves with three to five lobes. They also have flowers with no petals.
Horseradish berries from roadside plants are smaller than those from cultivated plants. The berries from roadside plants are also milder in flavor than those from cultivated plants.
How Many Horseradish Berries Are Needed For A Recipe?
You can’t say, “I’ll just use a few berries” when it comes to horseradish. You have to use a lot of them because they are very strong! In fact, if you put too many in your recipe, your nose and eyes will start to burn!
When Should I Pick Horseradish Berries?
You will need to rake your horseradish plants to make the berries fall off. This should be done when the berries are ripe, which is between mid-summer and early autumn. You can also wait until after there is a frost, then collect your berries.
How To Preserve Horseradish Berries?
You can preserve your horseradish berries when they are fresh or frozen. You can also make a jar of horseradish. The easiest way is to put the berries in a jar, pour vinegar over them, put the lid on and place the jar in a cool, dark place. You can also use other liquids such as oil or alcohol. Using salt will make your horseradish too salty.
Are Horseradish Berries Edible?
Yes, if you can get past the burning sensation they cause when eaten, horseradish berries are edible. You should be aware that it takes a lot of horseradish to make a meal so you might not want to eat large amounts of them. The same is true for pickled or raw horseradish. However, if you use only a small amount of prepared horseradish the burning sensation will be greatly reduced. Horseradish sauce is not as strong as regular horseradish but it is still very spicy.
Other Names For Horseradish:
Since there are different kinds of plants that are called horseradish, there are also several other names for the plant and its roots. Armoracia rusticana is the Latin name for the common horseradish plant. Other names are; “red cole”, “wild cole”, “colewort” and “cole root”.
If you are in the United States, you can call the plant “American horseradish” or “southern horseradish”. You can also refer to the roots of these plants as simply “horseradish root”.
There are some people who should not use horseradish. This includes those who have gallstones or upset stomachs and those who are prone to itchy skin conditions. Pregnant women should avoid excessive horseradish since it can cause uterine contractions.
If you have any of the above conditions, do not increase the amount of horseradish in a recipe without discussing it with your health care provider first.
1/2 cup grated horseradish root (packed)
1 cup sour cream (or more)
1 tablespoon lemon juice (or more)
1 clove of garlic, pressed (or more)
salt and ground white pepper to taste
In a small bowl, add the grated horseradish, sour cream and lemon juice. Stir well and add more of any of these ingredients to get the thickness you desire. Then add the garlic and beat vigorously to mix it in thoroughly.
Add salt and white pepper to taste. Makes about 1 cup sauce.
Note: You can also add 1 tablespoon of Dijon mustard for an added kick. Plus, you can substitute ¼ cup of mayonnaise for ¼ cup of the sour cream if you like a richer tasting sauce.
¼ cup prepared horseradish (more or less, to taste)
1 pound butter (4 sticks), at room temperature
1 teaspoon dried parsley
1 teaspoon dried dillweed
In a medium bowl, stir together the prepared horseradish and the butter until it is thoroughly mixed in. Add the parsley and dill and mix well. Store in the refrigerator in an airtight container.
Makes 1 cup.
Horseradish and Roasted Garlic Dip
You can’t buy a better dip than this!
Sources & references used in this article:
A hundred doors by M Longley – 2012 – books.google.com
MP759: Grower Survey of Organic Pest Management Practices for Wild Blueberries in Maine with Case Studies by AC Files, D Yarborough, F Drummond – 2008 – digitalcommons.library.umaine.edu
Flight of the Phoenix: coexisting with mixed-severity fires by T Berry, VT Berry – 2001 – Citadel Press
A Welcoming wilderness: The role of wild berries in the construction of newfoundland and labrador as a tourist destination by …, RL Hutto, RW Halsey, DC Odion, LE Berry… – … Ecological Importance of …, 2015 – Elsevier
The Field by H Everett – Ethnologies, 2007 – erudit.org
The importance of structure, clarity, representation, and language in elementary mathematics instruction by B Taylor – Manuscripts, 1962 – digitalcommons.butler.edu
Monster by H Petersen – 2010