ZZ Plant Leaf Cuttings – Tips For Propagating ZZ Plants
What are ZZ Plant Leaves?
The leaves of zz plant are called “leaf cuticle”. They have three layers: outermost layer (epidermis), middle layer (dermal tissue) and innermost layer (cellular tissue). These cells form a protective barrier between the outside world and the inside of the leaf. The epidermis protects the leaf from damage during normal growth. When the leaves are damaged, they lose their protection function and become vulnerable to attack by insects or other organisms.
How To Grow ZZ Plant Leaves?
When growing zz plant leaves, it is necessary to keep them moist at all times. Watering too much will cause the epidermis layer to dry out and crack, which may lead to infection and death of the plant. Too little water will result in the leaves drying up and cracking, which may lead to failure of the plant. If you want to grow zz plant leaves successfully, you need to follow these basic rules:
Keep your zz plant leaves damp at all time. You can use a small container with holes in it, such as a plastic bag or even a paper towel roll. Place your leaves in it, and add water until it starts to seep out the bottom of the container. You can also bury your zz plant cuttings in soil or moss. Keep the soil or moss constantly moist, but not soggy.
When planting zz plant cuttings in soil using a pot or tray, fill it with regular potting soil that does not contain fertilizer or any other additives. If you are planting in a tray, use quality sterile potting soil that drains well. Using a sponge or paper towel, dampen the soil and then remove all excess water. Fill the tray or pot with the dampened soil until it is level and then place your zz plant cuttings or leaves on the soil. You can bury them partially or completely in the soil.
After placing your cuttings, don’t overwater them. Make sure that the soil remains damp but not wet.
When planting zz plant cuttings directly in soil, bury them partially or completely in shaded areas. Make sure that all parts of the leaves are covered by soil. If you want to ensure that the leaves don’t receive direct sunlight, place a container that can fit around the plant (such as a tall bottle) and bury it around the plant so that it creates a little “cave”. Moisten the soil but don’t over water it.
Your zz plant cuttings need to be placed in a warm environment of approximately 65-80 degrees Fahrenheit. The temperature should be warm at all times, but not excessively hot. Make sure that air flow around the leaves is not obstructed. If you are growing your zz plant leaves in a pot or tray, then you need to place it in bright sunlight or near a bright window. During the night, the temperature can go down to about 60 degrees.
Also, make sure not to overwater the leaves during the night as this will cause bacteria or mold to form, which will cause your plant’s leaves to rot and die.
Adding fertilizer will speed up the growing process of zz plant cuttings. Using a very weak solution every few days can also help keep your zz plant leaves healthy and growing.
Your zz plant cuttings may take up to a month to show signs of growth. Once the leaves start growing, you can begin to feed it with stronger fertilizer and move it to a location with more sunlight to increase growth speed. Do not place the pot or tray in an area that receives direct sunlight, as this will cause your leaves to burn and turn brown. Also keep away from air conditioning or drafty locations.
To create a more customized or aesthetic appearance, you can prune the leaves of your zz plant. Cut off the stem of the leaf at the base where it is attached to the main stem. You can prune as many leaves as you want. When you get cuttings to grow, these new leaves will not have the cuts that the parent leaves had.
ZZ plants are tropical plants that only grow in very wet conditions, but they can tolerate long dry periods. When watering your zz plant cuttings, make sure to keep the soil damp and not wet. You don’t want water to stand in the tray or pot. This can cause diseases to grow and will kill your leaves. As mentioned, your zz plant should be in bright sunlight or at least very bright indirect sunlight.
To further ensure that your plant gets enough light, you can place it in a location with southern exposure. If you live in a colder area, your plant may need to be brought inside in cold weather and sunlight may not be readily available.
The zz plant is an extremely resilient houseplant that can tolerate an array of conditions. It can grow in periods of both drought and flood. It can live in extremely bright or dark conditions with no problem. With this much hardiness, the zz plant is a good houseplant for even the most amateur of home owners. Even if you forget to water it one week, the plant will probably still survive.
It is only when you start to notice fungus or mold that you need to intervene. Fungus and mold can be easily remedied by cutting off the infected part of the zz plant and make sure not to over water in the future.
Taking care of your zz plant cuttings is easy and very low maintenance. It’s a great houseplant for those who are busy or forgetful. With its vibrant green leaves and easy-going nature, the zz plant is a great addition to any household.
Although the zz plant is the hardiest of all plants, there are still some things that you should keep an eye out for.
Don’t place your pot or tray of zz plant cuttings right by a draft. This will cause the leaves to dry out very fast and could possibly cause mold or fungus to start growing. Keep your plant away from any air conditioning or fan. Also keep away from any heaters or fireplaces. ZZ plants grow in very wet and humid environments and will wilt quickly if placed in a hot dry area.
If you notice mold on the surface of the soil, cut off the infected part and make sure to not over water in the future. Mold can quickly cover the entire pot, but it should not kill the zz plant unless the roots are also infected. If the roots are infected, you will start to notice wilting even if you aren’t over-watering. If this happens, cut off the infected part and replant the zz plant into fresh soil.
You can move your zz plant to a cooler location to help it recover from mold or fungus. This can be on a porch or in a garage. Be sure to watch for bugs or symptoms of wilting and continue to check the soil. If you don’t see any changes after a week, you can try bringing it back to its original location.
If you do notice wilting, it could be caused by one of several reasons. It could be too hot or cold, too dry or even lack of nutrients. Try moving it to a cooler or warmer location if you are not sure. Be aware of any changes in the lighting conditions. If you move it to a darker location, be sure to check the soil more often.
This will help prevent mold or fungus.
While it is extremely rare, there is a chance that your zz plant won’t survive. It’s difficult to say what caused it because even air quality can play a part. You can try to take cuttings from your current plant and start over again.
Caring for Your ZZ Plant
It is important to never over water your zz plant. This can be a bit hard because the soil will be very wet after watering. You can actually water the zz plant right before you are ready to water it again. The zz plant will suck up all of the water that it needs then drop most of it off as waste while it is growing. Only water your zz plant when you see the soil starting to dry out.
You will also want to fertilize your zz plant. Fertilize about once a month with a weak water solution. You can use things like fish emulsion, bone and blood meal or there are all purpose plant food that you can pick up at your local garden center. Follow the directions for diluting this plant food before applying to your zz plant.
These plants can survive in very low light situations, but they grow best in medium light situations. If you are growing your zz plant indoors, place it somewhere that it will get a lot of sunlight or place it under grow lights.
Growing Your ZZ Plant from a Cutting
If you wish to try something different with your zz plant, you can grow it from a leaf cutting. This works best when you take a leaf cutting in the spring, but you can try any time.
Fill a container with potting soil and place the cutting about an inch or so below the soil. Keep the soil moist but not soaked wet. It should not dry out and it should not be soaking wet. You can place the container in indirect sunlight, but it should not be in a hot location.
After a few weeks, you should see some growth happening and new roots starting to form. If this is the case, you can transplant the cutting into its own container.
If you are successful, the cutting will form a clone of the parent plant and will need to be treated like one. You can even take cuttings from the new plant to grow more.
Picking Out Your ZZ Plant
These are fairly inexpensive plants, so you shouldn’t have any trouble finding them at your local garden store. You can also find them at big box stores around the yard center.
ZZ plants are typically sold in a small container and can be a bit on the small side, but they grow fast. You will have to transplant it into a bigger container eventually. When you do this, try to disturb the roots as little as possible. Most of the time, the zz plant will come with growing instructions.
You can find many different varieties of zz plants that all have different shaped leaves. Some of these even change colors based on lighting conditions. If you are looking for one in particular, be sure to ask for help when you are at the nursery.
ZZ plants are a great addition to any household and they are very low maintenance. If you want to have a living plant indoors but don’t have a green thumb, this is a great plant for you. They can also survive for a long time without any special care.
The zz plant is a great gift for anyone who likes to garden or just wants a beautiful living decoration. Happy growing!
Sources & references used in this article:
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Plant production of transgenic Eucalyptus camaldulensis carrying the Populus tremuloides cinnamate 4-hydroxylase gene by ZZ Chen, SH Chang, CK Ho, YC Chen, JB Tsai… – Plant …, 2001 – academia.edu
In vivo polyploidization of Zamioculcas Zamiifolia by SD Vanzie-Canton, KW Leonhardt – VI International Symposium on New …, 2007 – actahort.org