Geranium Plant Propagation – Learn How To Start Geranium Cuttings
The following are some facts about geranium plant propagation:
1) Geranium plants have been cultivated since ancient times.
They were used in medicine and they had medicinal properties. These days, they are grown mainly for their flowers which are considered to be beautiful and fragrant. However, there is no scientific evidence that shows whether or not these flowers will cure any diseases.
2) There are two types of geranium plants; those that produce seeds and those that don’t.
Seeds can be propagated from either type of geranium. The seeds produced by the latter type are called “true” geraniums (or “germinates”) while the seeds produced by the former type are called “false” geraniums (or “fertilizes”). True geraniums can only be propagated from true germination. False geraniums can be propagated from false germination.
3) A geranium plant produces its seeds when one of the main parts of the plant dies and releases its contents into the soil.
The seeds then develop into new plants, but they cannot survive without water. If you want to grow a true geranium, you need to provide them with water at all times during their growth period. During their dormant period, they don’t need water.
4) A true geranium’s growth period extends from spring to fall.
During this period, the plant grows and develops into a mature plant. During the rest of the year (which is the dormant period), the plant doesn’t grow but it doesn’t lose any of its leaves either. To keep your true geranium plant alive during its dormant period, just provide it with enough water during this time.
5) A false geranium grows all year round.
During its dormant period, it doesn’t lose any of its leaves and keeps on growing just like it does during its active period. It is easier to grow false than true geranium plants because you don’t need to provide them with water during the dormant period. If you grow a false geranium plant during its growth period, you need to provide it with enough water.
6) It is believed that the first type of geranium plant was brought into Europe from South America by the Spanish explorers.
The other type of plant came into existence when the former type was taken to Holland and bred with other types of plants in that area.
7) It is easier to raise the false type of plant because it doesn’t require any dormant period.
During its growth period, it has a lot of flowers and leaves.
8) The name “geranium” was given to this plant by the 17th century naturalist John Goodyer.
He named it after the Greek word “granum” which means “a grain”. This was done because the plant’s seed resembles a grain of barley.
9) There are more than 250 species of plants that belong to the geranium family.
Out of these, only five are grown as ornamental plants.
10) The first geraniums that were grown in England were purple in colour. It was the Spanish who grew different coloured varieties of the plant. The English started growing different coloured varieties after they saw these plants at the Chelsea flower show.
11) The leaves of the geranium are often used as a flavouring agent in some parts of Africa.
12) The leaves and stems contain a poison called physciann, which can cause nausea, vomiting, headaches and even diarrhea.
13) The word “geranium” is derived from the Greek word “geranos” which means “crane”. This is because the flower of this plant resembles the shape of a cranes’s head.
14) The red variety of the plant was considered as a symbol of courage and the white one stood for innocence.
15) During world war II, the geranium was cultivated extensively in Germany and hung in many windows to give a sense of peace and security to onlookers.
16) The smell of the geranium flower is so strong that you can easily smell it if you come within a distance of just half a mile from an area where the plants grow in large numbers.
17) The leaves and flowers of the plant are used for medicinal purposes. Ingestion of its leaves can cause headache, nausea and vomiting.
18) Geraniums grow best in warm and dry locations. However, they don’t require too much water or care.
19) The leaves and flowers produce a strong lemon-scented smell.
20) Geraniums can be kept as indoor potted plants during winter so that they can be taken out and placed in the garden during summer.
1) Geraniums are a hardy plant.
They grow wild in all the temperate zones of the world and can even survive under adverse conditions.
2) The leaves of the plant are shiny and dark green in colour.
3) The flowers of these plants usually have five petals and a prominent standard.
They can be either red, pink or white in colour.
4) It takes about three to four years for a geranium plant to grow fully from a seedling.
5) The two main types of the plant are the oak leaf and the crane’s bill.
The oak leaf type has pointed shaped leaves, while the crane’s bill type has a rounded leaf shape.
6) The flowers of the oak leaf type are usually pink or red in colour, while those of the crane’s bill type are white.
7) Geraniums can be easily grown from seeds.
They can also be propagated by division or by taking stem cuttings.
8) During the Middle Ages, the geranium plant was used in magic.
It was believed that bedecking a bride’s chamber with its flowers would help her to choose a good husband.
9) All parts of the plant are considered to be poisonous.
Ingesting any part of the plant can cause inflammation of the mouth, vomiting, diarrhea and possibly death due to paralysis.10) During world war I, soldiers used to put geranium leaves in their bullet shells in order to maintain the oil and other lubricants. Out of all the available oils, the geranium oil does not solidify even at very low temperatures.11) At one time, all types of geranium plants were believed to be effective in warding off malaria and other similar diseases. During the 1830’s, about fifteen different types of geranium plants were grown in open containers on the floor of the corridors of the Philadelphia Hospital to prevent mosquitoes from breeding.12) The flowers and leaves of the plant contain oils which have a strong scent.
The leaves contain as much as 0.5% oil by weight.13) Geranium contains an ingredient called citronellal, which is also used to scent soaps, shampoos, lotions and perfumes. It also contains citronellol and farnesene.14) The leaves of the plant were sometimes used to wrap other herbs during the Middle Ages in order to enhance the flavour when cooking.15) The plant is sometimes used in brewing a type of beer that is referred to as ‘geranium beer’.16) In central and southern Europe, geranium leaves were often used to wrap around fish before cooking it. The leaves are believed to have a beneficial effect on the flavour of the fish.17) The leaves of the plant are sometimes used as a decoration in flower arrangers. They are quite popular for this purpose.18) The plant contains large, spearhead shaped roots, which sometimes make it difficult to uproot from the ground.19) The flowers of the plant are very fragrant and produce a heavy, sweet scent that reminds one of a rose.20) There are about three dozen species of geraniums. About two dozen of them are native to the United States, while the rest are tropical or from south America.
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Sources & references used in this article:
Propagation of geranium (Perlagonium hortorum) using different rooting medium components. by B Mamba, PK Wahome – American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural …, 2010 – cabdirect.org
Standardisation of propagation of scented geranium from stem cuttings. by DK Thimmappa, SK Bhattacharjee – Indian Perfumer, 1990 – cabdirect.org
… , and carbohydrate status of New Guinea impatiens, geranium, and petunia cuttings are affected by photosynthetic daily light integral during root development by CJ Currey, RG Lopez – Journal of the American Society for …, 2015 – journals.ashs.org
Interplay between initial carbohydrate availability, current photosynthesis, and adventitious root formation in Pelargonium cuttings by VK Rapaka, B Bessler, M Schreiner, U Druege – Plant Science, 2005 – Elsevier