How To Plant Cactus Seeds – Tips For Growing Cacti From Seed:
Cactii are one of the most popular plants grown from seed. They have been cultivated since ancient times and their popularity continues to increase with each passing year. However, there are many varieties of cactii that can be found in cultivation today.
There are also different types of soil and climate conditions that affect the growth rate of these plants. Some cactii require certain temperatures, light levels, or even pH levels in order to thrive. Other factors such as temperature and humidity may play a role too.
One thing that all cactii share is their ability to survive harsh environments. These plants can withstand extreme heat and cold, drought and flood, pests and diseases, salinity and alkalinity. All of these conditions make them ideal candidates for growing from seed.
Growing from seed allows you to control exactly what type of plant you get. You don’t need to worry about getting a desert cactus or a tropical cactus; you can choose whatever variety suits your needs best. If you’re looking for something fast growing, then look no further than cacti.
There are several methods that can be used when planting seeds from your garden. The two major types of cacti are pod and no-pod. Pod cacti bear their seeds inside of little containers called “pods.” These are fleshy and brightly colored.
Some examples of pod cacti are the prickly pear and the chollas. No-pod cacti do not produce pods to protect their seeds. Instead, they are either carried on the plant itself (like needles) or they are small and brown with a hard shell. Some examples of no-pod cacti are the barrel, hedgehog, and ball types.
No-pod cacti can be planted in regular potting mix or dirt. They need less care and are easier to grow than pod types, so they’re a great choice for beginning growers. They can be grown in regular potting soil or even store-bought topsoil (the kind you might put in a garden).
However, they should be watered and taken care of like other typical houseplants.
When you’re ready to start planting your cacti, there are some things you should consider before you get started. The first thing to think about is whether or not your cacti need soil at all. Most people are used to seeing their succulents in shallow pots of soil, but some kinds actually do better with no soil at all!
Some cacti use a system of tiny roots called “rhizomes” or “chlorophyllum” which allow them to get nutrients directly from the air or the ground. These roots aren’t like regular plant roots at all, so you can’t just stick your seed in dirt and hope for the best.
Other cacti have shallow root systems that only grow underground a few inches or even just an inch or two. If you’re trying to grow one of these types, then a shallow pot with soil is the way to go. However, some cacti only grow deeper roots underground and need a deeper pot where they can stretch out.
It’s important to provide your cacti with exactly what it needs; too big of a pot and it won’t be able to get enough nutrients from the soil. Too small of a pot and it will choke the roots.
The best way to find out what your cacti needs is to look up information about it online. There are many sites that have databases for specific types of cacti and their growing conditions. Another great resource is books on growing cacti or other kinds of succulents.
Make sure your soil is the right consistency for your type of cacti. If it doesn’t have any soil at all you can just plant your cacti in a small cup or something similar with some water stones (rocks) at the bottom to keep it from resting in water and rotting. If it needs soil you can either get a shallow pot or deep pot, whichever is better for your plant.
No matter what type of cacti you want to grow, light is still very important. Most cacti need a lot of sun, but this can be hard to come by indoors. If you have too little light your cacti won’t be able to photosynthesize and will get sick.
If you have too much light it will grow very fast and possibly stretch out too much. Also, different kinds of cacti need different amounts of light. Some kinds can handle more sun than others. If you get a book on cacti it will tell you the best conditions for each kind.
Some cacti have beautiful flowers, but in order for them to bloom they need to be at a certain age and have been growing under the right conditions. This is referred to as “curing.” There are several ways to cure your cacti before blooming and these methods depend on the type of cacti.
If you have a book on cacti it will tell you exactly how to do it, but in general you must change the amount of water, light, and temperature the plant is exposed to several weeks before it is ready to bloom. Some kinds of cacti are very stubborn and refuse to bloom no matter what you do, so don’t be disappointed if your succulent refuses to bloom.
Once your cacti are big enough you should show them off! Succulents are very popular plants right now, so if you have a special kind of cacti that you’ve grown yourself you can get a lot money by selling it.
Cacti can grow flowers if they receive the right amount of water, sun and love. It takes time but it is well worth it to see a flower bloom!
Cacti need lots of light in order to bloom. A good way to make sure they get the perfect amount of light is to place it next to a big window that receives direct sunlight through out most of the day. Some cacti need less sun than others so you should check on the type you have and how much sun it can tolerate.
When I grew my cactus I put it near a window but made sure no sunlight hit it because I did not want it to burn.
Watering your cacti is also very important when trying to get it to bloom. You should let the soil dry out completely before watering again. After a few weeks you will notice little white bristles appear.
These are the beginnings of flower buds! After a couple months your cacti should have fully bloomed flowers. Don’t water it now because the flower will fall off after being watered. Make sure you keep the soil dry so that the cactus will start to grow a new bud soon.
Cacti can grow anywhere but if you want a bigger or prettier blooming cacti you should move it to a bigger and nicer place. If you love your cactus and take care of it then it will grow big and strong and bloom regularly!
Gardening with Cacti
Have you ever thought about growing a cactus?
They can grow anywhere and they’re very easy to take care of. I’ve grown several different kinds of cacti and some of them are really pretty.
If you live in an area that doesn’t get too cold in the winter or too hot in the summer cacti can grow outside just fine. You can find cacti growing wild in desert areas. Just make sure the soil is dry most of the time.
Water it once a week, maybe twice if it doesn’t rain for a while. If it rains a lot where you live, then put your cactus pot on a tray and fill the tray with gravel and water so the pot can drain.
There are different kinds of cacti that grow differently. You may want to research the kind you want to grow online or at the library before getting started.
I like to grow my cacti in pots so that I can take them inside when it gets too cold outside or if there is a danger of a freeze. Cacti can be grown in pretty much any type of pot, but I like to use clay pots because they dry out faster and the wide bottom helps the cactus get support. When it’s flowering time, I put the pot in a bigger container so that I can easily move it around to see the flowers up close.
Some types of cacti need to be grown in full sun, while others like it partially shaded. For those cacti that need full sun, make sure they don’t dry out. For those cacti that like part sun/part shade, you can water them less than the ones that like full sun.
Did you know that cacti can bloom at different times of the year?
Some bloom in the spring, some in the summer, some in the fall and some even in the winter!
If you decide to grow a cactus from seed there is one thing you need to remember: be patient! It takes a long time for a cactus seed to grow into a plant. It could take a few weeks or even a few months.
You need to keep the soil moist but not wet. If you live in a hot climate, you may even want to put it in a lightly shaded area so that it doesn’t dry out.
Once your cactus is big enough, you can either plant it in the ground (if there isn’t any danger of a freeze) or into a bigger pot.
Sources & references used in this article:
Slow-growing cacti from seed by E Lamb – 1959 – Blandford Press
The cactus primer by DE Quail – British Cactus & Succulent Journal, 1997 – JSTOR
Protected cultivation of cacti and other succulents by D Quail – British Cactus & Succulent Journal, 2002 – JSTOR
Alterations in growth and crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) activity of in vitro cultured cactus by AC Gibson, PS Nobel – 1986 – books.google.com
Do different cultivation environments influence the germination and initial growth of three threatened Brazilian cacti species? by P Das, PC Panda – Advances in Horticulture, 1995 – researchgate.net
Seeds photoblastism and its relationship with some plant traits in 136 cacti taxa by EW Putnam – The National Cactus and Succulent Journal, 1967 – JSTOR
Rock-degrading endophytic bacteria in cacti by G Malda, RA Backhaus, C Martin – Plant cell, tissue and organ culture, 1999 – Springer