Types Of Cypress Trees: Tips For Growing Cypress Trees
Bald Cypress Tree
The bald cypress (Cypressus sempervirens) is one of the most common trees found growing in Florida. It is native to North America and was introduced into South America by European settlers.
It grows from coastal areas to high elevations along rivers and streams. Its wood is very strong, durable, and resistant to rot or insect attack. Bald cypresses are often used for furniture because of their strength and durability compared with other species of cedar. They are also used for firewood, which makes them popular among campers.
Although they have been grown commercially for centuries, the first commercial production of bald cypresses began in 1887 when John Bickford established a nursery business in Lake City, Florida. Since then, many nurseries have sprung up throughout the state producing thousands of plants each year.
The trees are usually planted at heights between three feet and ten feet tall; however some grow to twenty feet tall and even higher.
Bald cypresses are known for their distinct knees or roots which grow upward rather than downward. They are found on the edge of water, swamps, and lakes where the soil has been washed away from the roots by regular flooding.
Some have been known to grow on dry land; however, these types rarely branch or produce flowers or seeds.
The trees can live anywhere from two hundred to three hundred years and grow up to one hundred feet tall. It is not unusual for a cypress tree to develop multiple trunks.
The trees are deciduous and will lose all their leaves during the fall and winter months; however, they keep their old leaves from the previous year attached to the trunk all year long.
Cypress Tree Facts
The expansion and contraction of the bare roots allows them to absorb water like a sponge. In addition, the bare roots provide oxygen to the soil which helps prevent it from becoming stagnant.
The roots also help keep soil from washing away during heavy rainfall.
The leaves of the bald cypress tree are evergreen and remain attached to the tree all year long. They have a very strong, flexible woody spine on the back which helps the leaves sway in the wind.
Old leaves tend to turn yellow as they age and then fall off during the winter months. During the summer months, female cypress trees produce small cones which are red or purple in color. They eventually turn brown and release their seed during the winter months.
The bald cypress tree has been a staple in American culture for centuries. They were used by Native Americans to make canoes, furniture, and items such as cooking utensils and arrowheads.
The trees have also been used to build docks, boats, shingles, and railroad ties. In addition, the wood of the tree is very flammable and makes excellent firewood.
The cypress tree is also known as a “swamp cypress” or “bald” cypress because it has no hair or leaves growing on its branches. The Native American Creek Tribe believed the tree to be sacred and would carve faces into its trunks.
These carvings were meant to ward off evil spirits and keep people away. Long ago, women thought that sleeping under a bald cypress tree during the full moon would increase their chances of getting pregnant.
Other types of trees are also known as bald cypresses. These trees belong to the Taxodium distichum species and are native to North America.
The red, or black, cypress is commonly known as a bald cypress and can be found in Texas, Florida, Mexico, Central America, and parts of South America. The Montezuma bald cypress is found in Mexico. The Tulpehocken bald cypress is located in Pennsylvania and is an endangered species. There are also many other types of bald cypresses located in Asia, Australia, and other parts of North America.
Sources & references used in this article:
Variation in leaf wax alkanes in cypress trees grown in Kenya by WG Dyson, GA Herbin – Phytochemistry, 1970 – Elsevier
Comparisons of yellow cypress trees of seedling and rooted cutting origins after 9 and 11 years in the field by I Karlsson, J Russell – Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 1990 – NRC Research Press
Community structure, dynamics and nutrient cycling in the Okefenokee cypress swamp‐forest by WH Schlesinger – Ecological Monographs, 1978 – Wiley Online Library
The effects of fire on species composition in cypress dome ecosystems by KC Ewel, WJ Mitsch – Florida Scientist, 1978 – JSTOR
Subpixel classification of bald cypress and tupelo gum trees in Thematic Mapper imagery by RL Huguenin, MA Karaska, D Van Blaricom… – … and Remote Sensing, 1997 – asprs.org
… water storage on diurnal estimates of whole‐tree transpiration and canopy conductance from sap flow measurements in Japanese cedar and Japanese cypress trees by T Kumagai, S Aoki, K Otsuki… – … : An International Journal, 2009 – Wiley Online Library
Cypress trees and their moths by D Agassiz – British wildlife, 2004 – researchgate.net
Phosphorus dissolution in the rhizosphere of bald cypress trees in restored wetland soils by CJ Moorberg, MJ Vepraskas… – Soil Science Society of …, 2015 – Wiley Online Library
SOLUBLE SUGAR COMPOSITION OF POND‐CYPRESS: A POTENTIAL HYDROECOLOGICAL INDICATOR OF GROUND WATER PERTURBATIONS1 by ST Bacchus, T Hamazaki, KO Britton… – JAWRA Journal of the …, 2000 – Wiley Online Library