Fertilizing Peach Trees: Know About Fertilizer For Peach Trees
Peach Tree Fruit
The peach tree produces its fruits in late summer or early fall. They are small, round and greenish yellow. The name “peach” comes from the Latin word peaches (pronounced PEACH) which means “little peach”. Peaches have been cultivated since ancient times and were first used medicinally in China during the Tang Dynasty (618 – 907). Today they are widely grown worldwide.
In the United States, there are two types of peach trees: those with red and white blossoms and those with pink flowers. The varieties with red and white blossoms produce the most delicious peach flavor while the ones with pink flowers taste sweeter than their counterparts.
Peach trees require good soil quality to grow well. If your soil is poor, then you will not get enough sunlight to make fruit production possible. You must provide adequate moisture for the peach tree so it does not rot. Too much water can cause the peach tree to wilt and die.
You need to keep your peach trees away from strong winds because they may damage the fruit. The wind will blow out any pollen that could harm your crop. A healthy soil also helps prevent disease problems such as blight, powdery mildew, and stem rust.
How To Fertilize Peach Trees: How Much And When?
A well-known saying is that “Too much of anything is bad, but too much of good thing is just right!” This is very true about organic nutrients and nutrients for your trees. You can give a peach tree too much of a good thing, especially if it is something that is not a nutrient. More than 90% of problems with trees are caused by improper fertilizing. Fertilize too much and you can burn the roots. That results in open sores and death of an otherwise healthy looking tree.
Always use a soil test to determine the exact nutrients that your soil is lacking. If you do not own a soil testing kit, you can purchase one at a local nursery or through a farming supply store. Most testing labs will send you the results within a week after mailing in a sample of your soil.
Fertilizing a tree at the wrong time can also be harmful. You should not fertilize a peach tree immediately after planting it, or during the first year of growth. After that, only use a fertilizer if the soil is tested and found to be lacking in nutrients. Apply the fertilizer evenly around the base of the tree, but do not allow it to come into direct contact with the trunk.
The amount of fertilizer you need depends on the type of tree, the soil quality, and the current condition of the soil. Since tree fertilizer comes in a variety of types it is hard to provide an exact measurement for how much to apply. It also depends on whether you use a granular, slow release, or liquid type of fertilizer. Most trees only require 1 or 2 pounds of fertilizer in early spring and again after the first of August.
What Kind Of Soil Do Peach Trees Like?
Peach trees need well-draining soil that is rich in organic material and nutrients. Peaches do not like wet feet, so you need to anchor them with the proper fertilizer and mulching. The best soil would be a sandy loam that is rich in nutrients such as leaf mold, manure or compost.
You can improve almost any kind of soil by adding the proper amount of organic material. Peaches need a lot of nutrients and are heavy feeders, so the more organic material you can add to the soil, the healthier your peach tree will be. Compost is available in almost every community for little or no cost. If there isn’t a community program, many hardware and farm supply stores give away small quantities free to anyone who will take it away.
How Deep Do You Plant A Peach Tree?
The best way to plant a peach tree is to take the tree out of the pot, set the tree in the hole, and then fill the hole with soil. If you insist on keeping the tree in the pot, make sure that the top of the root ball is at the same level as it was in the pot. If the tree is planted deeper, it will rot. If it is planted higher, the tree will drown.
Some people like to plant their peach trees in large containers so that they can move them indoors and protect them during the winter. This can work, but you must be sure to keep the soil damp year around. The roots cannot tolerate cold or dryness. Also, peach trees need at least six hours of sun a day. If you keep the tree in an area that is mostly shaded, it will not bear fruit.
Do I Need To Stake A Peach Tree?
It is not necessary to stake a peach tree, but you may need to wire the branches so they won’t break under the weight of all the peaches. You can buy thin steel cable or wire at most nurseries, and cut pieces long enough to go completely around the tree and fasten with a wire twist. Don’t make them so taut that the tree is pulled out of shape.
Do I Need To Spray For Insects And Diseases?
Pesticides should only be used as a last resort. If you start using them at the first sign of any problem, you could end up with a tree that is not as healthy and resists natural methods of treatment in the future. There are always natural predators that keep pests in check, so it is best to let them do their job if at all possible.
Common peach tree problems include aphids, leaf rollers, peach tree borer, and brown rot. Aphids look like little green flies on your trees. Leaf rollers have little worm-like insects that roll the edges of the leaves they infest. Both of these can be discouraged with high-volume hoses.
Peach tree borers are the most dangerous and should be dealt with quickly. They are little worm-like creatures that tunnel into the tree during the spring and summer months, slowly killing it. You may not notice any symptoms until too late when the inside of the tree begins to turn dark. Have your trees periodically inspected by a nursery worker or experienced friend if you suspect any problems.
Peach tree borers moths often lay their eggs in the ground around your tree. If you have a serious problem with peach tree borers, you should have the soil around your tree completely removed and replaced with new soil.
Brown rot is a fungus that grows on fallen leaves and then is splattered onto the fruit by rain. It looks like dark spots that can cause the entire fruit to fall off. Try to clean up and remove all fallen leaves as soon as possible.
There are many other problems that could affect your trees. Always ask the nursery worker or farmer for specific advice if you need it.
What Do I Do If Something Happens To The Tree?
If a tree dies, it is best to remove it as soon as possible. Cut the trunk off just above the soil line. It will be much easier to remove before it has had a chance to dry out.
Trees are living things. They need to be fed and watered just like other living things. So don’t forget to water your trees weekly during the first year, biweekly during years two and three, and monthly during years four through eight. Always water deeply but not excessively.
How Do I Care For My Tree During The Winter?
Don’t worry about your tree when fall months arrive and all of your other plants are going dormant or dying back. Your peach tree will still be green and growing.
Your tree should stay in the ground during the winter months so that it can grow, but the roots don’t get waterlogged or frozen. If you have a large tree, there are several ways you can handle this.
You can simply keep an eye on it and make sure the soil doesn’t dry out too much. You can also cover it with a tarp, burlap, or plastic. It is important that the covering is held in place so that it doesn’t blow away. Otherwise, mice can also take shelter underneath and make a home there.
Once spring arrives, you should lift the tree from the ground and transplant it into a larger pot or into the ground at a different site. This process is called trans-planting.
How Do I Transplant A Tree?
Dig a hole at the new planting site. The hole should be about twice as wide as the container your tree is in and only slightly deeper.
Have some water available and gently pull the roots apart so that they can move through the opening you have made in the container. If there is a thick root near the bottom of the trunk, cut it so that it doesn’t block other roots from moving through.
Gently place the tree in the hole so that the original soil line is just above the new soil line. Fill in around the tree with soil and water whenever necessary.
When you have finished, firm the soil around the tree and water it again.
What Do I Do During The First Year?
Keep a close eye on your peach tree during the first year to make sure it doesn’t dry out or get too much water. This is called “establishing a root system.” A good way to do this is to water the tree weekly.
The goal is that when you water, the soil will become wet to a depth of about 12 inches.
If you are using a container, you should prune the roots back by about one-third during the first year so that they won’t be too crowded in the container. This helps the tree grow stronger and healthier.
What Do I Do During The Second And Subsequent Years?
Once you have had a peach tree in your possession for two years, you can begin to ease up on it a bit. This doesn’t mean you should neglect it, just that you don’t need to be quite as vigilant as you were during the first year.
From this point on, it is best to prune the roots back by about one-third every year. You should also keep an eye on the tree and make sure it is getting enough water.
You can begin to fertilize the tree during the second and subsequent years. Any general-purpose fertilizer should do, but make sure not to overdo it. Too much fertilizer can damage or even kill your tree. You should use a rate no greater than what is recommended on the package.
Shaping Your Tree Is A Must!
As your tree grows, it will need to be shaped. You can use the tips that your peach tree came with or simply choose to shape it as you see fit.
When shaping your tree, keep in mind that you want to expose the beautiful blossoms to the sun as much as possible. This is what helps them produce delicious peaches!
You should also consider staking the tree when it reaches around 4 feet tall.