Growing Trees In Zone 5: Planting Trees In Zone 5 Gardens
The following are some useful links:
Grow Your Own Fruit Tree – A guide to growing fruit trees in zones 4 and higher. (Link)
Gardening For Dummies – A quick reference guide to gardening for beginners. (Link)
Fruit Trees – Information on fruit trees from the University of Florida. (Link)
Zone 5 Fruits & Vegetables – A list of fruits and vegetables suitable for zone 5 gardens. (Link)
Planting Trees In Zones 4 And Higher: How To Do It?
In order to plant a tree in your zone 4 garden, you need to have access to a good nursery. You will also need to have a few basic tools. There are many different types of nurseries and they all do their own thing. Some may sell seeds, others may only offer plants or both. If you want to grow a variety of trees, you might want to look into buying seeds from several sources rather than just one.
If you don’t mind spending money, then there are other options available such as purchasing seed packets online or even planting them yourself with a soil mix and fertilizer. Getting trees to grow from seeds can be a hit and miss situation, but with patience you can grow a few good ones. If you want instant gratification, then go for the nursery plants or saplings.
Once you have the seeds you want (or the plants), you need to decide where in your garden you want to plant them. It’s important that you choose a place where they are going to thrive so that you don’t waste your time or money.
The first thing to take into consideration is the sun and shade. Different types of trees need more or less of both, so make sure that you know what kinds of trees you are planting. You don’t want them to dry out or burn up, so a nice shaded area would be perfect.
After you’ve decided on a place for them, then you need to prepare the ground. Do not plant your trees in heavy clay soil or where the ground is swampy. They need to be planted in well-drained soil.
If the area is swampy, then you need to bring in some sand or gravel to help with drainage. If the area is heavy and clay, then you are going to need to either dig it all up and replace it with sand and gravel or build a raised bed to plant them in so that the soil isn’t in contact with the water underneath.
When you’ve decided on a place and prepared the soil, you are ready to plant!
If you want instant gratification, then plant your trees in the springtime. This is when they are most likely to survive if they were started inside in the winter or early spring. It’s also easier to get into the ground because the soil is nice and soft after all the rain.
You can plant them during other times of the year as well, but it’s more difficult because the ground is usually hard and dry. When you are planting, make sure that the soil (if it isn’t already) is nicely moist like a wrung out sponge. Plant your trees so that the roots are not exposed, but also not buried. Raising the tree a bit above ground level will help prevent soil from building up around the roots which could lead to rot later on.
It’s best to plant trees at least 15 feet away from other trees, buildings, or anything else that might cause them shade. If you want them to grow as a community and not compete, then plant them closer. It also helps to pick a sunny area for them, or one that is only mildly shaded in the afternoon.
Trees can take anywhere from 2-10 years to grow big enough to be productive. It all depends on the type of tree and how old it was when you first planted it. Once they do grow, then you can enjoy their fruits, flowers, nuts, etc.
They can also make your property more aesthetically pleasing.
There are many different kinds of fruit and nut trees that you can grow. So many in fact, that it would be impossible to list them all here. There are also many nurseries that sell trees.
It is recommended that you do some research on the types you want and where you can get them before starting your tree farm.
Gardening is a great way to supplement your food supply with things that you can’t hunt or catch, or just don’t want to. Or if you just prefer the taste of something that you grow yourself. A garden takes relatively little effort to maintain and can be very beneficial to your survival.
Of course, not all plants are equal in this situation.
Sources & references used in this article:
Wyman’s gardening encyclopedia by D Wyman – 1986 – books.google.com
Altitudinal differentiation in growth and phenology among populations of temperate-zone tree species growing in a common garden by Y Vitasse, S Delzon, CC Bresson… – … Journal of Forest …, 2009 – NRC Research Press
Kandyan gardens of Sri Lanka by VJ Jacob, WS Alles – Agroforestry Systems, 1987 – Springer
Plant biodiversity and vegetation structure in traditional cocoa forest gardens in southern Cameroon under different management by S Vidal – Biodiversity and Conservation, 2008 – Springer
Multistoried agroforestry garden system in West Sumatra, Indonesia by G Michon, F Mary, J Bompard – Agroforestry Systems, 1986 – Springer