Pomelo Tree Care – Pummelo Tree Growing Information
How To Grow A Pomelos?
A pomelo tree is a tropical evergreen shrub or small tree native to South America. They are found throughout the Caribbean islands such as Cuba, Puerto Rico, St. Kitts and Nevis, Barbados and Trinidad. The fruit of the pomelia plant (also known as the Cuban pepper) is used primarily in making pickled peppers.
The pomelo tree grows to a height of up to 10 feet tall and can reach a maximum diameter of 6 inches. They have oval shaped leaves with white stripes along their margins. The fruits are round, yellowish brown and contain seeds. The flowers bloom in spring and produce numerous small green berries which resemble miniature peaches but larger than a grapefruit. These berries are eaten fresh or dried for use in desserts, drinks, jams and jellies.
Pomelo trees require full sun and moist soil. They prefer a well drained soil that does not hold water for long periods of time. The tree prefers temperatures between 65°F and 80°F year round. The tree tolerates dry weather conditions but will die if it gets too hot or cold. If grown outside, they need protection from strong winds because they may topple over during storms.
When To Harvest Your Pomelos!
Pomelos are known as the “Poor man’s orange”, and it’s not surprising why. Not only does it taste very similar to an orange, but it grows in a similar fashion. One of the most difficult parts of growing a pomelo is having the patience to wait for the fruits to ripen. They begin to turn yellow and become soft when they are ripe. The rind of the pomelo is very thick so you will need a good knife or blade to cut through it.
If you are finding it difficult to tell if your pomelo is ripe, using this method will allow you to cut into it without spoiling all of your hard work.
Pomelos are good for you!
Pomelos are great for you! They contain lots of Vitamin C, Folate and Potassium. They have also been known to lower cholesterol and blood pressure. There are a few different varieties of pomelos such as the common garden pomelo, the smallest variety of which weighs about 5 pounds, to the largest variety which can weigh up to 50 pounds! The Chinese pomelo is smaller than the common garden pomelo and has a flavor described as being sweeter with less of an acidic aftertaste.
Pomelos can be eaten with the skin and the white part of the flesh is very crunchy. The skin and the flesh of the pomelo can be used to make marmalade, jelly, sauce and drinks. One great thing about pomelos is that they can be stored for up to one month after you have cut them!
With all the health benefits of pomelos and how easy they are to grow, why not try making a few recipes with them?
Sources & references used in this article:
Performance of various grapefruit (Citrus paradisi Macf.) and pummelo (C. maxima Merr.) cultivars under the dry tropic conditions of Mexico by S Becerra-Rodríguez, VM Medina-Urrutia… – Euphytica, 2008 – Springer
Grapefruit and pummelo by TR Robinson – Economic Botany, 1952 – Springer
Effect of spring day/night temperatures on flower development, fruit set and fruit quality on strangulated pummelo trees by OK Yamanishi – Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural …, 1994 – jstage.jst.go.jp
Performance ofOroblanco’andMelogold’Pummelo× Grapefruit Hybrids on Nine Rootstocks on a Calcareous, Poorly Drained Soil by E Stover, R Pelosi, M Burton, S Ciliento, M Ritenour – HortScience, 2004 – journals.ashs.org
Trunk strangulation and winter heating effects on fruit size, internal quality and maturation of ‘Tosa Buntan’pummelo grown in a plastic house by OK Yamanishi – Journal of Horticultural Science, 1995 – Taylor & Francis
The symptoms of shortage of manganese in trees of Guanximiyou pomelo variety and its correction. by ZY Luo, SJ Luo – South China Fruits, 2000 – cabdirect.org
Effect of strangulation date on reproductive phase of young pummelo trees grown in a plastic house by OK YAMANISHI, Y NAKAJIMA… – Japanese Journal of …, 1994 – jstage.jst.go.jp
Cultivation of neglected tropical fruits with promise. Part 3, The pummelo by FW Martin, WC Cooper – 1977 – evols.library.manoa.hawaii.edu
Trunk strangulation and winter heating effects on carbohydrate level and its relation with flowering, fruiting and yield of ‘tosa buntan’pummelo grown in a plastic house by OK Yamanishi – Journal of Horticultural Science, 1995 – Taylor & Francis