Buckeye Tree Facts:
1) BUCKEYE TREES ARE NOT TOYS!
They are not toys or decorative objects. Buckeyes are hardy plants with very high resistance to frost damage. They have been used as ornamental trees since ancient times.
2) BUCKEYE TREES CAN BE USED AS YARD TREE!
If you plant them near your house, they will grow into good yard tree within few years.
3) BUCKEYE TREES HAVE LONG LIFE AND WILL LAST FOR FIVE CENTURIES OR MORE!
How To Grow Buckeye Trees?
1. First thing you need to do is get some good soil.
You can use any kind of potting mix, but I like using peat moss because it’s easy to work with and doesn’t rot easily. Soil pH level should be between 6-7.
2. Next step is to dig out a hole big enough for your tree to stand up in.
Make sure you don’t dig too deep because if you do, it might cause roots to die off.
3. Now place your tree in the ground and water well so that all parts of the root system are watered properly.
Watering every day is better than once in two weeks as it helps keep the soil moist and prevents mold from growing on your tree roots.
4. Now you wait for the tree to grow.
It will take anywhere from a few months to a year. The size of your tree will depend on the size of the container you bought it in so if you want a larger tree, get it in a larger container.
I also recommend using fertilizer on your trees (be careful about this as well) as long as they don’t have any diseases or insect problems that prevent their use.
Where Do Buckeyes Trees Grow?
1. Native to North America (The buckeye is actually a medium sized tree, rather than a shrub).
2. Normally found in wooded areas or open fields.
3. Occurs in most eastern states and throughout most of the midwestern states.
4. There are two types of buckeye trees, the Ohio buckeye and the Arizona buckeye.
The difference between the two is that the Ohio type has smaller flowers and fruits that turn bright red when mature. The Arizona type has larger flowers and fruits that turn a yellowish color when mature.
5. The biggest threats to a buckeye are the Emerald ash borer and a fungus disease known as anthracnose.
6. Both the flowers and fruits are eaten by various types of birds, mammals and insects.
7. The wood of the buckeye is very soft and not used for much.
It has been used to make furniture, pallets, tool handles and fuel. (From Wikipedia)
How To Identify A Buckeye Tree?
1. The buckeye is a medium sized tree that grows up to 30-40 feet tall.
The leaves are compound and alternate, with 11-21 lanceolate leaflets. Each leaf is 6-12 inches long and 3-5 inches wide.
2. The flowers bloom in early spring from late September to late November.
They are yellow and have 5 petals.
3. The fruits begin to ripen in September and turn a reddish color by October.
They are 1.5-2.5 inches long and have a rounded and slightly tapered shape.
4. The buckeye is easily confused with the horse chestnut, however it can be distinguished by its compound leaves and the clustered fruits.
What Are Some Common Buckeyes?
1. A biennial or perennial herb with smooth, hollow, branched stems called a caudex.
2. A caudex can have one or several offshoots that grow into a new plant.
3. The plant has small, narrow leaves that are 1 to 2 inches long and have saw-like edges.
4. The flowers, which bloom in spring and are mostly white with yellow centers, are 5-parted, with each part containing 3 stamens.
Sources & references used in this article:
Biogenic volatile organic compound emissions from nine tree species used in an urban tree-planting program by AJ Curtis, D Helmig, C Baroch, R Daly, S Davis – Atmospheric Environment, 2014 – Elsevier
Native trees, shrubs, & vines: a guide to using, growing, and propagating North American woody plants by W Cullina – 2002 – books.google.com
California Buckeye (Aesculus californica (Spach) Nutt.) by F Callahan – Kalmiopsis, 2005 – npsoregon.org
The significance of urban trees and forests: toward a deeper understanding of values by JF Dwyer, HW Schroeder, PH Gobster – Journal of Arboriculture 17 (10) …, 1991 – fs.usda.gov