Eggplants are one of the most popular vegetables in the world. They are very easy to grow and produce a good amount of food for your family. However, they do have their drawbacks such as being susceptible to disease and insects. There are many different types of eggsplants which include eggplant, sweet pepper, eggplant, bell pepper, and others. Each type has its own characteristics that make them more or less suitable for certain uses.

The main problem with eggplants is that they are prone to mildew and rot. Mildew is caused by a fungus called Fusarium wilt. When it gets too hot outside, the fungus grows rapidly and causes yellowing of the skin, brown spots on the fruit, and eventually rotting of the fleshy part of the plant. Rot occurs when there is not enough moisture in the soil around your plants. Without proper watering your plants will die from lack of water.

If left unchecked, these two conditions can lead to death of your plants.

Another major issue with eggplants is that they are susceptible to insect damage. Insects like aphids, mealy bugs, scale insects, spider mites and whiteflies can all cause problems for your garden if not controlled properly. Aphid attack is usually caused by the thrips mite (Tetranychus urticae). The thrips mite lays its eggs in the stem of the plant. The eggs hatch and release small pale yellow insects about 1/50th of an inch long.

These insects attack the stems and leaves of plants feeding on the sap, causing them to discolor and curl. Severely infested plants will have leaves that are completely curled and look as if they have been burned. Another common insect pest is the mealybug (Phenacoccus spec.). Mealybugs are small, scale-insects that suck the sap from plants. Mealybugs can cause leaves to turn yellow and drop off the plant. They also excrete a white waxy substance called ‘mealybug powder’ which helps protect them from their enemies. Spider mites and whiteflies also frequently attack eggplants. If you notice your plants infested with any of these insects it is important to take measures to eliminate the pests as soon as possible.

Sources & references used in this article:

Biotechnology of eggplant by V Kashyap, SV Kumar, C Collonnier, F Fusari… – Scientia …, 2003 – Elsevier

Applications of biotechnology in eggplant by C Collonnier, I Fock, V Kashyap, GL Rotino… – Plant Cell, Tissue and …, 2001 – Springer

Development of eggplant varietal resistance to insects and diseases via plant breeding by NC Chen, HM Li – Training Workshop on Vegetable Cultivation and Seed …, 1996

Somatic embryogenesis in eggplant by GL Rotino, E Perri, N Acciarri, F Sunseri… – Advances in Horticultural …, 1997 – JSTOR

Screening of different eggplant cultivars against wilt disease caused by fungi, bacteria and nematodes by AS Kantharajah, PG Golegaonkar – Scientia Horticulturae, 2004 – Elsevier

Perception of the risks and benefits of Bt eggplant by Indian farmers by MA Rahman, F Ali, KMA Hossain… – Journal of Experimental …, 2011 – updatepublishing.com

Biological control of Verticillium wilt of eggplant in the field. by M Chong – Journal of Risk Research, 2005 – Taylor & Francis

Insect and mite pests on eggplant by JJ Marois, SA Johnston, MT Dunn, GC Papavizas – Plant disease, 1982 – cabdirect.org

Control of Sclerotinia disease of greenhouse eggplant and cucumber by inhibition of development of apothecia. by R Srinivasan – 2009 – books.google.com

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