Groundnut Benefits: How To Grow Groundnuts In Gardens
Growing peanuts indoors is not easy. They are hardy plants but they require a lot of attention and care. You need to keep them healthy and happy so that they will produce good quality nuts every year. There are many things which you have to do if you want your peanuts to thrive in your garden.
Let’s see some tips on how to grow peanuts successfully!
How To Plant Peanuts Indoors?
If you want to start planting peanuts in your garden then it is very important that you read carefully about the best time to plant each variety of peanuts. Also, there are certain rules which must be followed when planting peanuts indoors. Read on…
When to Plant Peanuts Indoors?
The first thing which you should do before starting any gardening project is to determine whether or not it will work well for your situation. If you are planning to plant peanuts in your garden then you should know that the optimum season for planting peanuts is from April through June. The reason why this period works well for them is because the soil temperature during these months is cooler than other seasons. Soaking the soil with water helps to prevent mold growth and prevents pests such as aphids from attacking them. However, you must always remember that some varieties of peanuts are very sensitive to temperature. They cannot tolerate the heat so plant them during the cooler months only.
What Type Of Soil Is Best For Growing Peanuts?
To successfully grow peanuts in your garden then you absolutely have to prepare the right soil for them. Peanuts actually grow best in sandy type soils which are well drained. They can actually grow in heavy and cloddy soils as long as you work the soil and fertilize it well before planting them. You can also grow them in muck type soils but make sure that they are well drained as well. Peanuts cannot tolerate wet soil at all.
If your soil is not the right type then you might want to consider raising the level of your soil by working in sand, gravel or pottery shards into the bottom 4 feet of your garden bed. Doing this will allow the soil to drain properly for your peanuts.
How To Prepare The Soil For Growing Peanuts?
The next thing which you have to do is prepare the soil in your garden before you actually plant your peanuts. You should always work the soil at least three weeks before planting because the process will allow the soil to “rest”. If you plant the peanuts into soil which has not been worked then it might compact which can damage the roots of your peanut plants.
Also, if your soil does not have the right PH balance then you need to adjust it before planting. Most plant roots do not grow well in acidic soil so you need to make sure that you check the PH level of your soil and then adjust it accordingly before planting. You can buy a packet of lime from your local gardening store and mix it into the soil if your soil is acidic.
What Is The Best Type Of Container To Plant Peanuts?
You can also plant peanuts in a container instead of planting them directly into the soil. If you are going to do this then you should select a pot which has several holes in the bottom to allow excess water to drain out. Also, make sure that the container has several holes around the top to allow the peanuts to climb through as well.
What Size Container Should You Use?
The size of your container will depend on how many peanuts you want to grow. A good rule of thumb is that you should select a pot which can fit 3 to 5 inches of soil. The depth of the soil will depend on the variety of peanuts which you are growing. Plant them in a cluster of at least 3 peanuts so that they have something to climb as they grow as well.
Always remember that the peanuts will continue to grow until the first frost so make sure you don’t plant them in anything smaller than a 5 gallon bucket.
What Type Of Fertilizer Should You Use And When?
Any type of fertilizer which contains nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium is suitable for growing peanuts in your garden. However, if you can get your hands on it then a fertilizer which specifically designed for legumes is ideal because it also contains trace elements as well. If you apply a fertilizer which is to high in nitrogen then it can actually damage the roots of your peanuts.
You should apply a low dose of fertilizer before you plant your peanuts and then again when you initially start to see the plants emerge from the soil. After this, you should only apply a low dose every two weeks until there is about 8 inches between the top of the soil and the tallest peanut plant and then you can apply it once per month.
What Is The Right Time To Plant Peanuts?
You should start looking for all the signs that spring is arriving and then plant your peanuts when the forsythia is in full bloom. This will typically be somewhere between mid February and mid March each year.
How Do You Prepare The Ground For Growing Peanuts?
Before you go about planting your peanuts, you first need to clear the ground of all weeds. If the soil is really bad or it has a lot of clay in it then you need to dig the soil over first using a spade and break up the lumps. After doing this, rake the soil so that it is level and remove any remaining lumps using a garden rake.
Now you can finally plant your peanuts!
What Tools Will You Need?
All you really need to successfully grow peanuts in your garden is some seeds and patience but if you want to make the job easier for yourself then there are some other tools which will help you.
Sources & references used in this article:
Peanuts as functional food: a review by SS Arya, AR Salve, S Chauhan – Journal of food science and technology, 2016 – Springer
Development of biocontrol technology to manage aflatoxin contamination in peanuts by JW Dorner – Peanut Science, 2009 – peanutscience.com
Contradictions along the commodity road to environmental stabilization: Foresting Gambian gardens by RA Schroeder – Antipode, 1995 – Wiley Online Library
Inoculation of phosphate-solubilizing bacteria Bacillus thuringiensis B1 increases available phosphorus and growth of peanut in acidic soil by T Wang, MQ Liu, HX Li – … Scandinavica, Section B–Soil & Plant …, 2014 – Taylor & Francis
Shady practice: Gender and the political ecology of resource stabilization in Gambian garden/orchards by RA Schroeder – Economic geography, 1993 – Taylor & Francis
Composition, nutritional value, and health benefits of pulses by C Hall, C Hillen, J Garden Robinson – Cereal Chemistry, 2017 – Wiley Online Library
Canadian OAC Garroy Peanuts Seeds Export Potential to Nepal by R Redpath – saknepal.org
Peanuts: organic production by M Guerena, K Adam – 2008 – Citeseer