Peanut Cacti Information About Peanut Cacti
The name “peanuts” comes from the fact that they resemble peanuts when viewed under a magnifying glass. They are members of the family Solanaceae, which includes tomatoes, peppers, eggplants and watermelons.
The plant genus Solanum is named after its discoverer John William Draper (1782–1848).
There are over 2,000 species of solanaceous plants worldwide. Most of them grow only in tropical regions and some even in arid areas.
Some of these plants have been used medicinally for centuries. One such medicinal use is their ability to treat diarrhea caused by cholera or dysentery. Other uses include insect bites, burns, wounds and other skin ailments; and as a source of food for birds and small mammals.
In addition to being edible, peanuts are also useful in making paper and clothing. The seeds contain high levels of protein, fat and carbohydrates.
The oil extracted from the nuts is used in candles, soap and cosmetics.
The peanut was first cultivated by Native Americans thousands of years ago. These early farmers were able to cultivate the crop because it grows best in warm climates where there is little rain or snowfall.
Peanuts grow underground and their flowers are very small and grow attached to the base of the leaves. The plants are often cultivated under the soil to increase their yield.
After the plants have flowered, a small fruit will appear. It takes about four months for a peanut to mature after which it can be harvested. Peanuts that are harvested earlier when they are green, are cooked and eaten as a delicacy in America.
The peanut is a legume and it develops a root nodule containing nitrogen-fixing bacteria which helps the soil to retain nutrients and water. Furthermore, since it is a fast growing crop it also helps to prevent soil erosion.
It is a very hardy plant that grows well in fairly poor soils. From the standpoint of world hunger, the peanut is one of the most important food crops for humans.
Peanuts are a common ingredient in various foods. Peanut butter, which is used in sandwiches and as a spread, contains healthy oils and is high in protein.
It can be mixed with other foods such as bananas to reduce the cost of providing dietary needs for malnourished children in developing countries. The seeds can also be ground up and cooked to make flour.
Peanut oil is used in cooking and cosmetics. It has been found to lower cholesterol levels in the blood and it is a better source of vitamin E than most other oils.
Most peanuts are grown in Georgia, Texas, and Oklahoma in the United States.
The peanut plant can grow up to three feet tall. It has both leaves and flowers which grow from the ground.
The flowers grow in clusters of 20 to 50 flowers on branching stems. Each flower is about an inch across and is usually purple in color although white ones also exist.
The peanut plant is fairly easy to grow. It produces its best yields when grown in hot weather.
The plant prefers sandy soil and needs a lot of water. It is often grown under the ground so that it can mature more easily and produce more peanuts.
In the US state of Georgia, peanuts are used to produce peanut oil and meal. The oil is used in cooking, cosmetics and pharmaceutical products.
Peanut oil has properties that help to lower cholesterol levels. It is also a good source of vitamin E. The meal is used as a protein rich additive to animal feed.
In the past peanuts were usually grown for oil production but today more peanuts are eaten directly or turned into peanut butter than are used to produce oil. Peanut butter has a high protein content and is especially nutritious for children and adults who do not get enough nutrients in their everyday diet.
Both George Washington and Thomas Jefferson grew peanuts at their farms.
Sources & references used in this article:
Fruit rot of pitaya and stem rot of cacti in Taiwan. by CL Wang, CC Lin – Plant Pathology Bulletin, 2005 – cabdirect.org
Biology of the Cactus Scale, Diaspis echinocacti (Bouche) (Homoptera: Diaspididae) by RD Oetting – Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 1984 – academic.oup.com
Practical Cactus and Succulent Book: How to Choose, Nurture, and Display 200 Cacti and Succulents by F Bailey, Z Allaway – 2019 – books.google.com
The aboriginal utilization of the tall cacti in the American Southwest by EF Castetter, WH Bell – 1937 – digitalrepository.unm.edu
Plant cell, tissue and organ culture: fundamental methods by O Gamborg, GC Phillips – 2013 – books.google.com
GROWN YOUR OWN PEANUTS… KIDS FUN and DIY EASY. by LPC Guide – auntiedogmasgardenspot.wordpress …