Tamarack Tree Facts:
The tamarack tree (Liriodendron indicum) is native to North America and Europe. It grows up to 30 feet tall and 10 feet wide. The leaves are opposite in shape with long slender leaflets that are greenish white at first but turn yellowish brown when they dry out. They have five petals each with three stamens and one ovary.
The flowers are small white or pinkish red fruits that contain seeds. There are two species of tamarack trees, the American tamarack (Tamarix americana) and the European tamarack (Tamarix japonicus).
How Fast Do Tamarack Trees Grow?
Tamaracks grow slowly. Their growth rate is not very rapid and it takes them 2 to 3 years before they reach their full size. The average age of a tamarack tree is between 50 and 60 years old.
In order to grow faster, you need to cut down your tamarack tree’s branches. You can easily do this if you use a chainsaw. If you don’t want to chop down your tree’s branches, then you will have to wait until the next growing season when the branch will sprout again. However, this method is not recommended since a branch can easily break off during a storm.
How Tall Can A Tamarack Tree Grow?
The average height of a tamarack tree is 30 feet. The species can grow up to 60 feet tall. If you want to make sure that your tamarack tree will reach its maximum height, then you should plant it in an open area with full sunlight since most trees don’t like their growth being restricted.
How Big Are Tamarack Trees?
The full spread of a tamarack tree is about 40 to 60 feet wide. In order for the tree to grow at its maximum size, you should plant the seedling in a place where it will have enough space to grow. You can trim the tree’s branches if you want to keep it smaller.
Are Tamarack Trees Poisonous?
Tamarack trees are not poisonous. You can eat the seeds without experiencing any negative side effects.
What Is The Bark Of Tamarack Trees Like?
The bark of a tamarack tree is thin, reddish brown on young trees and gray and paper thin on older ones. It does not have any prominent markings.
How Can You Identify A Tamarack Tree?
The easiest way to identify a tamarack tree is to look at the leaves. They are long, flat and oval shaped with jagged edges. The needles grow on short stalks and are about an inch in length. The male flowers grow in slender catkins which hang downwards while the female flowers grow in short, green spikes. The fruits are red, egg shaped and have a tough shell.
How Can You Grow A Tamarack Tree From A Seed?
If you want to grow a tamarack tree from a seed, then you should follow these instructions:
1. Find a pot that has drainage holes in the bottom.
Put some soil that doesn’t contain fertilizer in the pot. Make sure that the soil is light and coarse.
2. Take the seed out of the fruit and plant it in the soil.
The seed should be about 1 inch below the surface.
3. Keep the soil moist throughout the time of planting and until the seed has sprouted.
If you have to water it, do it slowly so that the soil doesn’t get waterlogged.
4. After 30 to 60 days, your tamarack tree seedling will sprout.
At this point, you should give it some indirect sunlight and keep the soil moist.
5. After about a year, your tamarack tree will be large enough to move it to a place where it will get full sunlight and be able to develop properly.
How Can You Transplant A Tamarack Tree?
If you’ve grown your own tamarack tree from a seed, then it’s time to transplant the tree to its permanent location. Follow these steps:
1. Prepare the planting site by digging a hole that’s large enough to fit the root ball of the tree.
2. Carefully take the tree out of its pot while making sure that the root system stays intact.
3. Check if the bottom of the root ball isn’t rotted.
If it is, you will have to cut away the rotten part off before planting the tree.
4. Place the tree into the hole that you’ve prepared earlier.
Fill in the hole with soil and pat it lightly to ensure that there are no air pockets in it.
5. Keep the tree watered for the first year.
After that, you should be able to water it less often since tamarack trees are very drought tolerant.
Why Do You Have To Transplant Tamarack Trees?
Tamarack trees grow naturally in the bogs of Canada, so they tend to prefer damp soil. If you plant a tree in an area that doesn’t have moist soil, it’s going to suffer. You can transplant your tree to a better location where it can thrive.
How Many Gallons Of Water Does A Tamarack Tree Need?
A tamarack tree needs about 15 gallons of water per week during periods of drought. It’s best to water deeply so that the soil is completely soaked.
When Is The Best Time To Transplant A Tamarack Tree?
The best time to transplant a tamarack tree is in the springtime, when the days are starting to get longer. This tree can actually grow in quite a wide range of climates so you can plant it just about anywhere.
Tamarack Tree Care
What Type Of Soil Does A Tamarack Tree Need?
A tamarack tree can grow well in a wide range of soil types, such as:
Clay soil that’s not waterlogged
Normal soil that isn’t too dry and not too wet
Normal loam that drains well but doesn’t get waterlogged.
The key thing to remember is that the soil shouldn’t be too wet or it’ll rot the roots.
What pH Range Does A Tamarack Tree Need?
The soil around a tamarack tree should be between a pH of 4.5 to 8.5. If the soil is either more acidic or more basic, the growth rate of the plant will suffer. Don’t use chemical fertilizers or pesticides on this type of tree since they will burn the roots.
How Much Sun Does A Tamarack Tree Need?
The tamarack tree can actually grow in areas that are either full sun or partial sun. Full sun areas need the most water to keep the soil from drying out, while partial shade areas need less water.
How Much Water Does A Tamarack Tree Need?
The tamarack tree is a moisture loving plant that requires about 15 gallons of water every week. Water the plant deeply and slowly so that the water soaks into the ground rather than running off. You should only give it water once the soil has started to dry out.
Pruning A Tamarack Tree
Pruning a tamarack tree is an important part of tree care that helps to keep it structurally sound. It also promotes new growth and keeps it from becoming leggy. Tamarack trees should be pruned in the following manner:
When the tree is young, prune it to keep it from becoming leggy. To do this, simply prune out vertical branches that are growing towards the inside of a circle around the tree and prune out horizontal branches that are growing towards the outside of a circle around the tree.
Pinch back the tips of vertical branches every year to force out side shoots and encourage a fuller look.
Prune out any weak, diseased, or dead branches.
When you prune the tree, cut back to a branch collar (a raised circle of tissue where a branch was the year before). Don’t cut back to a bud because that will promote unwanted sprouting.
There are some circumstances in which you might choose not to prune a tamarack tree such as when it’s oversized or has sentimental value. If this is the case, it might be best to hire a professional because you could hurt the tree by doing the pruning yourself if you don’t know what you’re doing.
These trees can also suffer from scale insects, aphids, and caterpillars. If this is the case, treat the tree with an appropriate insecticide.
Finally, if the tree is exposed to high levels of road salt in the winter to prevent it from freezing and becoming damaged. You can either cover the base of the tree with sand, sawdust, and woodchips or simply plant it further away from the road.
Pruning Tamarack Trees
While many people think that pruning a tree will make it grow better, this isn’t always the case. Tamarack trees aren’t like conifers such as pines that will produce new branches where you prune them. Tamarack trees are deciduous, which means they lose their leaves every year. They will only produce new growth in the regions where there is either a bud or a node.
This means that if you prune the tree in the wrong place, you could actually be hurting its growth rather than helping it.
The best time to prune a tamarack tree is in the early spring, at this time of year the buds are starting to swell but the tree isn’t yet under any serious growth pressure. Pruning it at this time won’t stress it at all.
One thing you don’t want to do is prune off long, vertical branches. Especially branches that are growing straight up. If you cut one of these off, the tree won’t be able to replace it with a new vertical branch. Instead, it will try to fill in the area with horizontal side branches.
This will give the tree a weird shape and make it weaker because there is less foliage exposed to light and air at the top of the tree.
When pruning tamarack trees, you should also avoid pruning back to a bud. The only time you should prune back to a bud is if you want to cause dormant spur growth. There are two ways to do this. The first way is to prune back the tip of a branch so that the terminal bud is exposed.
This will cause it to produce lateral side shoots the following year.
The second way is to prune a branch back to a side node. This will cause the terminal bud to produce lateral side shoots and the side buds to produce vertical shoots. The following year, the terminal buds will stop producing shoots, but the side buds will take over. This is a good technique to use if you need to fill in empty space in the canopy.
Finally, there are times when it’s best not to prune a tamarack tree at all. This is especially true of trees that are so large they require two people to hug them. If you need to prune these trees, you should consider hiring a professional because you could make the tree weaker or cause it to fall over altogether.
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Sources & references used in this article:
Growth and foliar nutrient status of black spruce and tamarack in relation to depth of water table in some Alberta peatlands by VJ Lieffers, SE Macdonald – Canadian Journal of Forest …, 1990 – NRC Research Press
Factors influencing size inequality in peatland black spruce and tamarack: evidence from post‐drainage release growth by SE Macdonald, F Yin – Journal of Ecology, 1999 – Wiley Online Library
Rooting of peatland black spruce and tamarack in relation to depth of water table by VJ Lieffers, RL Rothwell – Canadian Journal of Botany, 1987 – NRC Research Press