Black Eyed Susans are very popular flowers in the garden. They’re easy to grow and they bloom all year round. You can easily grow them in pots or containers. If you want to plant your own black eyed susan vines, here’s what you need:
• A container with drainage holes (I use plastic storage tubs) • Some soil • A few leaves of any kind (you’ll get used to it! ) • A couple of black eyed susan vines (about 3 inches long)
Step 1: Gather Your Materials
1. Pick out some leaves of any kind, which will help you to identify the type of vine you have.
For example, if you have a red one, then pick out some white ones. You may also want to cut off part of the stem so that you can see where it attaches to the vine.
2. Place the leaves in a large plastic bag.
3. Add some dirt to your container and add a little water.
Fill up the container with the soil until it reaches halfway up the sides of the container. Make sure there isn’t too much space between each layer of soil because otherwise you won’t be able to keep everything moist at once!
4. Cover your pot with another lid and place it somewhere away from direct sunlight, such as under a rock or in a sunny window.
The container should get between 10 and 12 hours of sunlight every day.
5. Every week go through the following steps:
a. Add a little more water to the dirt. b. Stir up the leaves and soil with your hands.
c. Cut out any dead or dying leaves from the vine. d. Cut off about 1/3 of the vine’s length so that it will regenerate new leaves faster! e.Add a few more leaves to the container that you picked out in step 1.
After about two months, your vine should grow healthy new leaves. In another month or so, you will need to transplant your vine. Follow this link to learn how: How To Move A Vine
Black-Eyed Susan Vine Care – Tips On Growing A Black Eyed Susan Vine
Black-Eyed Susan vines in hanging baskets look great with other annuals and perennials. They also look good on their own or with a collection of different sized pots and containers. It is important to look for a container that has at least one layer of small drainage holes in the bottom. This allows excess water to flow through and out of the container.
If the container you choose does not have any drainage holes, you may want to add some. If you do add holes, be sure they are not too big. A good rule of thumb is that they should not be larger than the tip of a pencil. This will prevent larger soil particles from washing through the container.
Black-eyed Susans grow very well in full sun to partial shade. They do especially well in containers that are placed in full sun locations. If you do have your container in a shadier location, you can add a layer of mulch to the top of container to help retain moisture and keep in warmer nighttime temperatures. This will help the plant grow faster and stronger.
Your containerized Black-Eyed Susan vine will need to be watered about once a week. Use lukewarm water and water slowly so that all of the soil gets wet, but not soaked. After watering, look to see if there are any drainage holes and add more gravel if necessary. The container should drain well so that there is no remaining standing water.
Overwatering is one of the main causes of failure with container plants! After the first growing season, most plants will benefit from a fertilizer. Follow the instructions on the package for how much and how often to feed.
If you have a large container or plan on making your container quite large, you can always plant more than one vine in it! These vines can easily fill up a 5 gallon pot on their own if given enough time. You can also grow other plants around the base of the vine to give it some company and make it look even better!
Black-Eyed Susan vines can be grown in larger containers as well. They look great in large planters on the patio or porch. The larger the container, the more work you will need to put into it. These containers will need to be watered about once a day and will also need to be fed about once a week.
If you are growing it in a large pot, make sure you place it in a shadier location or equip it with a waterproof sun shield.
Check on your plant periodically to be sure it has sufficient drainage and is not standing in water.
Black-Eyed Susan Vine Problems
Leaves with yellow veins – This is a common problem with houseplants. The veins contain nutrients that move food the length of the plant. If something is restricting that movement, the leaves will display symptoms of nutrient deprivation. In this case you need to increase air movement in the area and perhaps add a fan to increase circulation.
You can also try adding more plants to the surrounding area to provide a temporary fix.
Spots or blotches – This can be caused by several different things. First, check the soil. If it is too wet, you should drain some of the water. Also make sure there is good drainage.
Wet soil not allowed to drain will eventually cause problems. Next, check your location.
Are you in a location that is excessively cold?
This could be a colder spot of the house or an area that doesn’t receive much light. These factors can cause the problem. (But don’t worry, you can still save it!) Move it to a warmer location or add some additional lights to the area to give it a fighting chance.
Leaves breaking off – This is generally caused by wind or if you accidently bumped the plant. If this happens, check the roots.
Are they still firmly attached?
If not, reattach the vine to its base. If they are still firmly attached and you don’t think you accidentally bumped it, try adding more support for your vine.
Insects – This is a common problem with most plants. You may notice small insects living inside the leaves or on the stems of your vine. First, don’t use any kind of insecticide! This will kill your plant just as quickly (if not more so) than the insects that are already there.
Instead, take a small piece of cardboard (like the kind from a paper towel roll), soak it in water and use that to wipe off the insects. You can also take a soft brush (made for plants) and dust off the insects and their eggs. Repeat as often as necessary.
Tip light – If your vine struggles with flowers or proper leaf growth, you can add more lighting. A sunny window should do the trick. Just make sure the vine is within a foot of the window.
Pests – mites, aphids, thrips are some common insects that attack Black-Eyed Susan vines. You can usually neem oil to get rid of these pests, but you should research this for the specific insect that is attacking your plant.
Black-Eyed Susan Vine Is Poisonous How toxic Black-Eyed Susan vine is will depend on the maturity and the situation of the plant. Generally they are considered non-toxic, but all parts of the plant other than the flower can still cause problems if ingested.
Black-Eyed Susan Vine Is Edible
You can eat the flowers, but only after removing the seeds first.
To harvest, cut the whole stem near the base and then dunk it in a bowl of water. The seeds will sink and you can remove them. After you have removed all the seeds, wash the remainder and then enjoy!
For a much more detailed guide on this topic, check out the article on harvesting Black-Eyed Susan flowers.
Black-Eyed Susan Vine Can Be Dangerous
Like many other plants, Black-Eyed Susan vine can potentially be toxic to pets and livestock. If you have animals, it may be best to plant this in a location that your furry (or feathered) friends can’t easily get to.
When growing Black-Eyed Susans, be careful to keep the leaves, stems and roots out of the reach of small children. While they are perfectly safe in small doses, the leaves and roots in particular contain alkaloids that can cause upset stomachs, diarrhea and vomiting if ingested in quantity. Children tend to eat anything and everything, so keep them away from Black-Eyed Susan Vine.
Is Black-Eyed Susan Vine invasive?
Yes, but most commonly only in warmer, damper areas. In these climates, it tends to grow quickly and spread into large patches of plants. If you are growing this in a contained area (like a garden or flower bed), be sure to keep the roots in that contained area. Otherwise it can spread underground roots that can break through the bottom of your flower bed (or other location), and pop up elsewhere.
In colder, drier climates it is a lot less likely to spread very far. As long as you keep it contained in your garden or other area, you should have no problems with this vine spreading on its own.
Does Black-Eyed Susan Vine Grow Well In Pots?
Yes. The vine itself can grow in pots as long as they are not too deep (at least a few inches shall be left at the top of the pot so that the plant can still reach sunlight). Be sure to use a good quality potting soil that contains both nutrients and some sort of fiber to help with drainage.
How big does the Black-Eyed Susan Vine get?
While this can vary depending on the environment in which it is growing, an adult plant’s diameter can range between 3 to 6 feet across. The vine itself (when full grown), can reach lengths of 20 feet or more.
How to Care for a Black-Eyed Susan Vine?
Black-Eyed Susan Vine Info
If you are growing the Black-Eyed Susan vine (or any other type of clematis) for the first time, you will want to take a few extra steps in preparation. Clematis are a little more high maintenance than some other types of flowers. While they certainly have their own set of unique care requirements, they are easy enough to manage as long as you keep a few key principles in mind.
The first thing you will need to do is find a good location. A Black-Eyed Susan vine (or any other type of clematis vine) should not be planted in an area that does not receive at least 6 hours of sunlight each day. If planted somewhere that does not have enough sunlight, the vine will either not grow or grow very poorly.
In addition to sunlight, the plant also requires well-draining soil. This means that the soil should be a loose, sandy texture, and never allowed to become completely dry. This can be achieved by planting in a raised bed or by placing a large pot (with holes in the bottom) over a basin in which you manually water.
Sources & references used in this article:
WEED MANAGEMENT IN APPLE PRODUCTION by BESFD SEED – journals.ashs.org
(95) Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta L.) as a Potted Plant Crop in Response to Pinching and Paclobutrazol by CM Alsup, PB Trewatha – HortScience, 2005 – journals.ashs.org
430 Ecotype Affects Growth and Flowering of Rudbeckia hirta L. by JG Norcini, M Thetford, KA Moore, ML Bell… – …, 2000 – journals.ashs.org
Native trees, shrubs, & vines: a guide to using, growing, and propagating North American woody plants by W Cullina – 2002 – books.google.com
Poisonous plants of paradise: first aid and medical treatment of injuries from Hawaii’s plants by S Scott, C Thomas – 2000 – books.google.com
The shrubs and woody vines of Florida: a reference and field guide by G Nelson – 1996 – books.google.com