What Is Humus?
Humus is a type of organic matter made up mostly of decaying plant material. It is usually found in areas with high levels of moisture, such as tropical forests or grasslands. The term “humus” comes from the Latin word hūmēre, which means “to cover.” When plants die and decompose they release their nutrients into the soil, making it available for other living things to use.
Humus is one of the most important components of healthy soils because it provides food for beneficial microorganisms and bacteria that break down organic materials into usable substances. These organisms are essential to maintaining a healthy ecosystem. Without them, many plants would not survive.
Plants like trees, shrubs, herbs and even grasses need these microbes to live and thrive. They also provide a home for fungi that produce vitamins and minerals for humans and animals alike.
Humus is also important because it helps prevent erosion. When plants die and decay, they leave behind soil particles that become compacted over time. If left unchecked, these compacted soil particles will erode away at roads and buildings.
By adding humus to the area around your house or garden, you can slow down this process by slowing down the rate at which the soil becomes compacted.
Organic materials that break down quickly and easily, such as fruits, vegetables and dead leaves, do not make good humus. While they do provide nutrients for plants, they are too rich in nitrogen for good soil conditions. They also do not help with soil erosion.
In fact, this type of plant matter can actually damage the environment by releasing too much nitrogen into nearby bodies of water.
When it comes to creating good soil, a mixture of different organic materials is ideal. Fresh leaves and grass make great additions to the soil, for example. They also make good mulch that helps retain moisture in the soil.
Stale hay is a good material for improving soil structure. It takes longer to break down than fresh grass or leaves, which allows it to foster better soil composition. Manure is another popular organic substance that composes good humus.
When choosing a type of manure to use as fertilizer, steer clear of chicken and pig manure. These contain too much nitrogen, which can actually damage plant life if used in excess. Cow and horse manure are good choices because they provide a good balance of nutrients.
Make sure to use fresh manure instead of dried manure. Dried manure does not have as many nutrients as fresh manure does. If you use fresh manure, you will need to use less of it than if you were using dried manure.
A good way to use fresh manure is by composting it before applying it to the soil.
Composting is the process of piling up grass clippings, leaves and other plant materials that you have chopped into smaller pieces. These materials break down over time and become a dark, rich material called humus. You can create humus in your own backyard quite easily.
It’s an excellent way to recycle waste products and keep them out of the local landfill.
You can buy a compost bin at any home and garden center. There are many different styles of compost bins available. Some are large containers that you fill up and then turn manually with a pitchfork or shovel, while others have turning mechanisms inside them that you can operate yourself.
Still others are small structures with wire mesh bottoms that allow air to circulate under the pile, making it easier for the materials to break down.
There are also large, open piles that you build yourself. These can be as simple as a pile of chopped up plant materials that are stacked in the sun and watered every couple of days. If you choose this method, you will need to turn it regularly to get adequate aeration.
You can use your compost in your own yard or garden, or you can give it away to friends and neighbors! It makes a great gift for other environmentally conscious people.
Remember that gardening isn’t just about creating beautiful flowers and plants. It’s about creating a healthy environment for you and the wildlife around you. That’s why it’s important to use natural, environmentally friendly fertilizers and growing techniques that don’t waste or endanger resources.
When you use organic fertilizers such as organic material and compost, you’ll have the satisfaction of knowing that you are creating a long-lasting, natural habitat for yourself and your loved ones to enjoy for years to come!
Always follow the directions on the package when using chemical pesticides or fertilizers. Remember to always wash your hands thoroughly with warm, soapy water after handling chemical pesticides and fertilizers.
When using organic fertilizers, it’s important to remember that it takes time for plant life to break down. Plan your garden activities in advance so you don’t waste valuable time and resources.
Making a compost pile can be as easy or as complex as you want to make it. You can throw lawn clippings and vegetable peels in a corner of your backyard and stir it once in awhile. Or, you can build a large compost bin from wood and arrange the materials so air can circulate.
You can even buy a ready-made compost bin from a home and garden store.
You should turn or mix the contents of your pile every couple of weeks to make sure the organic materials break down evenly. To speed up the process, you can stomp on the pile to crush large pieces, or run a fork through it. This will allow air to reach parts that were previously trapped.
You can also turn your compost pile once a month rather than once every two weeks if you want to create maximum heat. This will also destroy any insect eggs that might be in the pile before they become a problem.
You can start your pile by putting down a layer of chopped up straw or coarse hay. This will help keep the pile from getting too wet too quickly from the water in the materials you are adding. Add a couple of inches of manure or animal carcasses (these will rot down very quickly).
You can also add some kitchen scraps like vegetable peels and fruit rinds (no meat or fat!) A final layer of soil will help to keep everything moist as everything starts to rot. As you gather materials, just keep adding them to the pile. You don’t need to worry about cooking the pile–the heat that is generated as the bacteria and fungus work their magic is enough to kill most weed seeds, insect eggs, and other potential pests. In fact, you don’t even have to turn the pile if you don’t want to. As long as you have enough material to keep the pile at least three feet high, it will eventually break down on its own!
You can also use shredded paper, plant clippings, and small branches to mulch around the plants in your garden. Just remember not to use material that is still covered with ink!
When it is time to plant, you can dig holes with a trowel or your hands and just spread the compost around. You can also till it in using a tiller, but this might be more work than it’s worth. If you don’t have a lot of compost, you can just use it as a top dressing by spreading it around the base of the plants after you’ve planted them in your garden plot.
Remember, a three inch layer of mulch will keep down the weeds and help your soil retain moisture.
Compost is not just for gardens! You can also make “compost tea” by filling up a bucket with water and shredding up some newspaper to put in it. Let it steep for a couple of days to let the bacteria work their magic.
Then, pour this mixture through a strainer to get out all of the larger pieces. You can water your plants with this to give them a healthy shot of nutrients!
Bees and Wasps
If you see a bee or wasp flying around your garden, you don’t need to get too worried. They’re a lot more afraid of you than you are of them. They probably just want to get a drink from your hummingbird feeder (or maybe they’re after the sweet nectar in your flowers).
They may decide to have a taste, but they’re not going to eat everything in sight–especially if you keep the sources of sugar and nectar to a minimum! If there are flowers or trees on the side of your house, they’ll probably go there anyway.
If you do see them in your garden, try not to panic. If you act scared, they’re going to get scared as well and might end up attacking. If you act like a crazy person, they’re also going to get scared and attack for self defense.
If you just pretend that everything is normal, they will most likely just fly away on their own accord. This works with cats and dogs, so it should work with bees and wasps too!
If they do happen to land on one of your plants, you don’t have to do anything. They’re not going to do any damage. The worst thing that might happen is they will release a little bit of their digestive juices on the leaves–which might help them, but it’s not going to hurt anything either!
If you really don’t like bees and wasps, you could always get a birdbath or put up a hummingbird feeder. They’ll prefer those over your vegetable garden any day.
Remember to keep your yard looking nice and you shouldn’t have any major problems with bees or wasps. If you do see a nest anywhere in or around your yard, the best thing to do is leave it alone.
These creatures can be very dangerous when threatened–especially ones as powerful as bees. If you see them building a nest, just make sure that there aren’t any safety hazards near by and just keep an eye on them until they’re gone.
If you see bees or wasps flying around an area where they shouldn’t be, it might be tempting to set up a trap. You can do this by getting a plastic grocery bag, filling it with water, twisting it into a knot, and hiding it somewhere out of sight.
The insects will fly through the tunnel you’ve made and get stuck inside of the bag! You could also get some pre-made traps from a hunting store or online.
Just make sure you’re only trying to catch what you’re targeting. There’s nothing worse than accidentally catching a bumblebee instead of a wasp. You certainly don’t want to kill one of those!
Always check your traps every couple of hours and empty them out. In doing this, you won’t attract any unnecessary attention to your home and they’ll be less likely to become suspicious.
If there are a lot of bees or wasps in your area, you might want to get medical attention if you get stung. It’s not usually a big deal–unless you’re allergic.
You can take some precautionary steps to make sure you don’t have an allergic reaction. The first thing you should do is get the stinger out as soon as possible. Then, rinse the area with cold water.
If you start having a reaction, you should seek medical help right away. Just remember to always watch out for bees and wasps this summer! They’re around for your enjoyment, so make the most of it!
What Should I Do If I Get Stung by a Bee or Wasp?
Getting stung by a bee or wasp can be a painful experience… but it doesn’t have to be! Follow this advice from wikiHow and you’ll never have to worry about being stung by one of these creatures ever again.
Of course, the first thing you should do if you get stung is remove the stinger, if there is one. Once you do that, apply a cold compress to the affected area. If you want, you can also take an antihistamine, like Benadryl.
While you probably already knew this, the worst thing you can do if you get stung by a bee or wasp is panic! Doing this will make your body release more histamines, which is the main cause of a “website.” So once again, try not to panic!
While you may be tempted to go out and buy professional wasp or bee removal, there really isn’t a need to. Most of the time, these insects will go away on their own accord, or they won’t actually build a hive in your yard at all!
But what if you’ve already got a wasp’s nest in your yard and they’re becoming a problem?
Don’t worry! There are steps you can take to get rid of them.
If you don’t feel like doing it yourself, you can always contact a pest control company. They’re used to dealing with these types of situations and should be able to take care of the problem for you quickly and easily.
However, if you want to do it yourself, you can. All it takes is a little elbow grease. The first thing you’ll want to do is buy a few cans of wasp poison or make your own using this recipe.
After that, you’ll need to find the wasp’s nest.
This shouldn’t be too difficult if you’re observant. Inspect any trees or bushes in your yard for unusual holes, particularly ones with yellowish brown pulp around the openings. You can also shake nearby trees–if you see a wasp nest high up in the branches, that’s where you’ll want to place your poison.
Once you’ve found the nest, just place the poison in it!
That’s all there is to it! Be sure to keep your pets and children away from the area while you’re doing this, of course. They won’t know it’s dangerous and they might get hurt if they accidently eat some of the poison.
Always keep an eye on the nest and when you see that it’s no longer being used, you can safely remove it from your property.
Thanks to wikiHow, you now know how to take care of yourself and your property should you ever have a wasp or bee infestation! Thankfully, these creatures aren’t a huge problem for most people. If you do ever need to get rid of one of these pests, there are plenty of options available to you.
No Need For A Pest Controller Anymore
If you hate bugs, then these creepy crawlies will always be a problem for you. You’ve searched high and low for a good pest controller, but they’re always booked or don’t want to travel all the way out to your home. You don’t want to pay their prices either.
What are you supposed to do?
Well, why not just take care of the problem yourself?
There are plenty of ways to get rid of these little critters without having to pay for it!
We’ll tell you how, right now!
If you’re having a little ant problem in your home, the first thing to do is make sure their nest isn’t somewhere close to your house. You might notice trails going in and out from the ground or cracks in your walls. If you can’t find it, you can always try to use food to lure them toward a trap.
Since they love sugar, you can place some near a container filled with soapy water. They should eventually drown.
Bees and hornets, on the other hand, can be a little more difficult to get rid of. If they’ve made their nest in your house or garage, you’ll need to call someone to take care of it for you or see the wikiHow article on how to remove a bee or wasp’s nest. If you can’t find their nest and they keep coming back, try setting up an area with a shallow bucket of soapy water.
The insects will eventually fall in and drown.
With so many animals not making it through the winter, you’d think there wouldn’t be so many of them! That’s just part of living in the great outdoors though. Some critters are just content on staying around your yard–and that’s fine!
You can still get rid of these buggers another way though.
One idea is to use a commercial animal repellent. These products can be found in most home stores and are fairly easy to apply. Just make sure to follow the instructions on the packaging!
If you don’t want any chemicals in or around your yard, you can also try making your own repellent. A popular idea is to get a used can of biscuits, drain off the oil, and refill it with boiling water. Although this may not sound too appealing, animals hate the smell of it!
Just make sure you keep it out of reach of children and animals.
Whether you want to get rid of a few annoying flies or hundreds of hungry deer, there are always options for you to keep your property safe and critter free!
Now that the weather is starting to turn nice again, you’re bound to start seeing more and more animals around your house. As much as you love your furry or scaly friends, some of them can really start to wreak havoc on your personal space! In this article, we’ll go over some tips on how to keep the neighborhood wildlife away.
If you want to keep deer out of your yard, the best way to do it is by using a combination of tactics. If you’re lucky, you might be able to scare them off by making loud noises or even using an actual deer alarm. Beyond that, installing fencing around your garden and house can also help.
Even if you don’t have any gardens or crops around your house, birds can become a nuisance as well. These animals can mess up delicate lighting, break windows and mirrors, foul up engines, and more. If you’re having issues with birds nesting on your property, one of the best ways to deal with them is by using bird scare tactics.
You can do this by altering home made booby traps or going out and buying a professional grade system.
A lot of people are content on letting animals live in their yards without any problems. Every once in a while though, you’ll find that certain animals have decided to make your house their home too. Maybe they’re living in your crawlspace or basement, or maybe they’ve decided that the perfect place to raise their family is in your attic.
Whatever the reason, you need to get them out of there before they cause any damage.
The first thing you want to do is figure out how the critters are getting inside of your house. This is important because you’ll want to get rid of their entry point. If they’re living in your crawlspace, you could block the hole up with cement.
If they’re in the attic, you could board it up or fill the gap with steel wool.
If blocking off the area doesn’t seem like a viable option, then you might have to actually set traps for them! One of the most common types of traps that people use are ones that electrocute the animals to catch them. These can be pretty cruel, but they are also very effective.
The last thing you want is for your house to smell like a horrid combination of animal waste, urine, and rot. It isn’t healthy for you or the animals, and it’s just a big mess. In this article, we’re going to go over several ways on how you can get rid of the smell.
One of the most common problems people have is that their house begins to smell like cat urine. Maybe the pets are urinating in the wrong places, or maybe you have a sick pet that isn’t making it to the box in time. Either way, you’re going to want to get rid of that smell before it starts rotting your house apart.
The first thing you’ll want to do is clean all of the areas where you notice the smell. Whether it’s the carpet, bedding, or anywhere else, get some cleanser and start scrubbing! Once you’ve cleaned the surfaces, throw them into the washing machine.
After you’re done cleaning and your house is starting to smell a little better, it’s time to get rid of that urine smell for good. There are several different options here. You can try to get an enzymatic cleaner that breaks down the source of the smell.
You can also use white vinegar mixed with water, which is a great odor remover.
Whatever you do, just make sure you get rid of that smell as soon as you can because your house should be a nice place to be, not one that smells terrible.
There are many reasons that your home might be getting infested with rats. It could be due to them coming in from the outside and making a nest somewhere in the walls or attic. It could also be due to you feeding them out of ignorance.
Regardless of why they’re there, you’re not going to want them there. They can do a lot of serious damage, and if you do have a rat problem in your home, it’s best if you get it taken care of as soon as possible.
So, what can you do to get rid of rats in your home?
There are several ways, we’ll go over the most popular ones here:
The first thing you might want to do is call an exterminator. These are professionals who know exactly where to look for the rats and how to get rid of them. When you call an exterminator, they’ll likely ask you a few questions about the type of rats you have and how many.
This is important because if you just call any old one, they might not be equipped to take care of your specific problem.
After you have the rat problem under control, it’s time to make sure it doesn’t happen again. There are many different ways to do this as well. You can seal up any holes where rats might get in with steel or copper mesh, making it impossible for them to fit through.
You can also put spikes along the fence line to keep rats from climbing over. You might have to lower the wattage on your lights too if you have a garage because they like to nest in there.
Do whatever it takes to ensure this doesn’t happen again because rats can be very destructive while they’re in your home. If you need to, hire an exterminator, or do it yourself. It’s worth it in the long run.
When you have a baby, getting rid of ants can be a slightly more complex process because of your child. You’ll have to take their safety into consideration whenever you’re handling pesticides and such. However, if you want the best of both worlds, you can try getting an ant moat.
These devices are filled with water and have a small ledge that the ants can walk over, but the water prevents them from climbing out. This is great because it’s safe for children and pets but it also keeps your home free of those nasty little creatures.
There are many different types of ant moats available. They all pretty much work in the same way, but some are better quality than others. You’ll have to decide which one is right for you depending on how bad the problem is and where you plan on placing it.
No matter what you decide to do, it’s important that you get your ant problem under control as soon as you can because they can really start to multiply if you don’t. These little critters can find their way into your home through even the smallest of cracks so it’s important that you get rid of them before they become a serious problem.
Sources & references used in this article:
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The Rodale book of composting: easy methods for every gardener by DL Martin, G Gershuny – 1992 – books.google.com
Microbiological degradation of pesticides in yard waste composting. by AM Fogarty, OH Tuovinen – Microbiology and Molecular Biology …, 1991 – Am Soc Microbiol
Organic Gardener’s Composting by S Solomon – 1993 – soilandhealth.org
Impact of different nitrogen source on the compost quality and greenhouse gas emissions during composting of garden waste by M Chen, Y Huang, H Liu, S Xie, F Abbas – Process safety and …, 2019 – Elsevier
A laboratory method to investigate gaseous emissions and solids decomposition during composting of municipal solid wastes by DP Komilis, RK Ham – Compost Science & Utilization, 2000 – Taylor & Francis
Controlled microbial composting and humus management: Luebke Compost by S Diver – Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas …, 2001 – biolit-natur.com
Compost utilization in landscapes by JI Rodale – 1960 – Rodale Books