Different Types Of Garlic: Garlic Varieties To Grow In The Garden
Garlic Varieties For Sale And How To Choose Them
10 Types Of Garlic – Hardneck Vs Softneck
How To Prepare Garlic For Cooking And What Are Its Health Benefits?
What Is A Garlic Spore? Which One Can I Get From My Own Plants Or Buy Online?
10 Best Ways To Cook With Garlic: Roast, Stir Fry, Soup, Salad Dressing…etc.
1) Different Types Of Garlic: Hardneck Vs Softneck
Hardnecks are the most common type of garlic grown in India. They grow easily from seedlings and they produce large cloves with good flavor. They have good resistance against mildew and other diseases. However, they require a longer growing period than softnecks and they don’t last as long when stored properly.
If you want to grow them, you need to plant them in pots at least three years before harvesting. You can get seeds from your local nursery or online.
Hardneck garlic comes from wild garlics which typically grow in Central Asia. They are mostly known for their spectacular flower stalks which can grow up to four feet. There are hundreds of different types of hard neck garlics. Each one has its own unique flavor.
However, they have a reputation for being difficult to grow and having a shorter shelf life than softneck garlics. They grow as single cloves and produce a large number of seeds after the flower falls off.
2) Garlic Varieties For Sale And How To Choose Them
First, decide whether you want to grow softneck or hardneck garlic. Each one has its own pros and cons.
Of course, you could just buy some from a supermarket but where is the fun in that?
Softnecks have a long growing season. They also produce larger cloves than hardnecks. Two to four months before the last frost, plant the cloves about six inches deep and six inches apart. You can wait until closer to the date but your yield will not be as large.
They grow well in a rich soil with lots of organic material. Hilling them up by adding soil as they grow will help prevent fungi and other pests.
Harvest them when the leaves begin to turn brown. Drip water them every few days if there is no rain and if the summer is especially dry. Soil should be loose and compost rich. They store well in a cupboard or dirt and last about six months to one year.
Hardnecks have a shorter growing period and produce better yields. They also store longer than softnecks. They are naturally pest resistant so you don’t need to worry about spraying them. However, they are more difficult to grow from seeds and they don’t grow well in pots.
They like a dry soil and little fertilizer.
You should harvest them before a date with the toothless crone or they might become feeble and fall apart on your kitchen floor. Unless you live on a deserted island without any visitors, it is best to dig them up and separate the bulbs once the leaves begin to wither.
What Are The Health Benefits Of Garlic?
Garlic has been used as both food and medicine since the beginning of civilization. The ancient Egyptians used it while the Romans used it in their baths. In 1758, an English doctor wrote a book about how garlic was good for treating many ailments. Even Ben Franklin praised garlic in one of his publications. Throughout history, many cultures have relied on garlic as a medication.
Here are some of the most common benefits:
1) It fights Cold and Flu
Garlic contains a natural antibiotic which can be taken orally or applied externally to speed up the healing process. It is particularly helpful in treating respiratory problems such as a common cold or the flu. Simply chop up one clove, steep it in a cup of hot water and inhale the steam directly. You can also chop it up and apply it to your chest or throat.
2) It’s an Antiseptic
Garlic contains allicin which helps ward off infection in minor cuts, abrasions, insect bites or even burns. Steep a clove in hot water and apply the liquid directly to the affected area or dab on a little cut garlic directly to the skin.
3) It helps prevents Heart Disease
There is strong evidence that garlic can lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of heart disease.
4) It prevents certain types of Cancer
Breast cancer, Colon cancer, Prostate cancer and Lymphoma are just some of the types of cancer garlic can prevent or slow down. It also helps prevent leukemia and assists in treating bladder cancer.
5) It may prevent Alzheimer’s
Garlic helps prevent the oxidation of fatty acids in the brain which prevents Alzheimers. The sulfur compounds in garlic also help with brain related illnesses and boosting brain function in general.
6) It can prevent Diabetes
The antioxidants in garlic help normalize blood glucose levels which can prevent or slow down type 1 and type 2 diabetes. It also reduces cholesterol and triglycerides which can decrease the likelihood of arterial disease associated with diabetes.
7) It helps prevent Vision Loss
Garlic can prevent macular degeneration and cataracts which can cause vision loss. It also reduces the likelihood of glaucoma.
8) It can prevent Infections
The antiseptic qualities of garlic help ward off infection and can prevent sepsis, the #1 cause of death for hospitalized patients. Studies have shown that those who eat more garlic tend to get sick less often.
9) It can prevent Peptic Ulcers
By preventing H. Pylori bacteria from adhering to the stomach lining, garlic helps prevent peptic ulcers. Patients who are at high risk of developing peptic ulcers should take antibiotics and antacids, then chew a clove of garlic after the treatment.
10) It fights bad breath
There is no better proof of garlic’s superiority than the fact that even the ancient Egyptians, the epitome of hygiene and fragrance, used it as mouth freshener!
How Can Garlic Help With Common Medical Conditions?
1) Acne: To get rid of a pimple, just cut the top off a raw clove of garlic and apply it directly to your skin for a few minutes.
Be careful not to leave it on too long or it will burn the skin.
2) Athlete’s Foot: Dip a Q-Tip in Garlic juice and apply to the inside of your nose.
This is a relatively painless way to get garlic into your system.
3) Bad Breath: Chew on a clove of garlic or dip bread in garlic powder and eat it.
Sources & references used in this article:
… sequences of attenuated and severe isolates of Leek yellow stripe virus from garlic in northern Japan: Identification of three distinct virus types in garlic and leek world … by F Takaki, T Sano, K Yamashita, T Fujita, K Ueda… – Archives of …, 2005 – Springer
Garlic production for the gardener by WJ McLaurin, DB Adams, T Eaker – 2009 – athenaeum.libs.uga.edu
Garlic! by J Garden-Robinson, E McGinnis – ag.ndsu.edu
Edible Asian Garden by R Creasy – 2015 – books.google.com
Phenotypic characteristics of ten garlic cultivars grown at different North American locations by GM Volk, D Stern – HortScience, 2009 – journals.ashs.org
Effect of Three Planting Dates on Three Types of Garlic in Southwest Missouri by C Alsup-Egbers, P Byers, K McGowan… – …, 2020 – journals.ashs.org