What are Pruning Rose Bush?
The best way to keep your roses beautiful is to prune them regularly. You will need to do it every year or two depending on the size of your roses. If you want to maintain their beauty then you have got to trim off dead branches and leaves from time to time too. Let’s take a look at some common questions regarding pruning roses.
How to Cut Down Overgrown Rosebush?
Cutting down overgrown rose bush is not always easy. Sometimes you may need to use a sharp knife or even chop it with a chainsaw. Some times you might need to break the stems so they fall off. Other times you just have to remove all the leaves and twigs completely. There are several methods which can be used when cutting down overgrown rose bush.
You can either dig a hole in the ground and bury the rose bush, or you can build a small platform around it. You can also use a shovel to knock down the bush. Another method is to set fire to the rose bush. After burning it, you will see that its roots are still intact and there is no longer any danger of them falling into deep water sources like ponds or rivers.
How to Prune a Rose Bush in Summer?
It is best to prune your rose bush in the summer when all the leaves and flowers have wilted. Always remember to wear heavy duty gloves when you do this task or any other pruning task. When you reach the center of the bush, cut it with as long as a stem as possible so that new shoots grow out of it. After this, cut off all the side branches from your bush.
How to Prune a Rose Bush in Spring?
One of the most common questions people ask is how often should they prune their rose. This really depends on the type of rose you have. If you have a beautiful red rose bush then it is best to prune it twice a year and even more if necessary. Take proper care of your bush and it will reward you with lots of lovely red roses.
How to Prune Knock Out Rose Bush?
One of the most popular rose bushes in North America, Knock Out is a hybrid tea rose that is known for its beauty. The best time to prune this plant is after all the leaves and flowers have withered away. It is preferable that you wear gloves while doing the job. First, check the bush for dead or diseased branches. Then use your hands to gently remove any smaller branches that are growing inside the bush. After this, use secateurs to cut off the excess wood from the main branches.
What are the Different Types of Roses?
If you want to know how to prune your roses, the first thing you should do is learn about different types of roses. There are many different types of roses and it is important that you choose one that fits in perfectly with the environment around it. Some of the most popular garden roses are listed below.
Alba roses: Alba roses are known for their hardiness and resistance to disease. In fact, they are so hardy that they can even survive cold weather which makes them the perfect choice for colder climates. They are also a favorite among gardeners because they bloom all throughout the summer. This is why they make excellent hedges as well.
Cabbage Roses: Cabbage Roses get their name from their distinct appearance which resembles that of a white cabbage. They are not as popular as other roses but they have their fair share of admirers. They bloom once a year during the summer and keep blooming until fall sets in. The flowers grow in clusters and have a faint scent to them.
Climbing Roses: Climbing roses are exactly what they sound like, roses that you can train to climb up a trellis or any other structure. They are very versatile and can complement any type of environment giving it a lovely fragrance. These roses bloom in clusters and have multiple colors to them. There are also different types of climbing roses which bloom at different times during the year.
Cleft Roses: Cleft roses are a bit complicated to grow but well worth the effort when you see the lovely blooms. They consist of five petals and resemble a hand with its fingers outstretched. The petals are a deep crimson which makes them especially attractive. They bloom during the summer and have a lovely fragrance to them.
Damask Roses: Damask roses are one of the most popular types of roses. They take their name from the word damask because of their texture and pattern. These roses grow in clusters and have a very strong fragrance to them. The colors vary from white, yellow, orange and pink.
They make excellent hedges as well as ornamental bushes.
Gallica Roses: Gallica roses are some of the oldest types of roses around. They are known for their rich fragrance and beautiful appearance. They bloom all throughout the year but peak during the summer. Their colors range from red, pink, white and yellow.
These roses are often used in corsages and other types of floral arrangements.
How to Prune Hybrid Tea Roses?
The hybrid tea rose is one of the most popular types of roses in the world. They are known for their large flowers and lovely fragrance. These roses bloom in different colors ranging from red, yellow, pink and white. They also have a slight sparkle to them when the sunlight hits them just right. Because these roses are so popular there are many different types of them. Some examples are the Barbie Doll Hybrid Tea Rose, the Knock Out Rose and the Sunset Hills Hybrid Tea Rose.
Whether you have a hybrid tea rose or another type of rose, proper pruning will help it stay healthy and beautiful. You will also need to know what type of soil it should grow in and whether or not it is resistant to any types of diseases or insects. Information on these topics as well as general care and maintenance can be found below.
Rose bushes prefer soil that is rich in nutrients. A mixture of peat moss and humus works very well for this purpose. This should be mixed with an equal part of sand to prevent the soil from becoming too waterlogged.
During the summer, rose bushes should be watered daily. This can be done either by using a sprinkler or by hand. If you do not have the time to water your roses daily you should at least water them twice a week.
During the winter you will want to cut back on the watering. A good rule of thumb is to water them only when you notice the soil has dried out. This can be tested by taking a handful of soil and squeezing it. If it crumbles apart easily then it does not need to be watered.
If it stays clumped together then it needs water.
The ideal pH level for your rose bushes soil is between 6 and 7. This can be tested with a simple product available at most home improvement stores. If the level is too high or too low you can seek out products to correct this problem at your local garden center.
All pruning should be done in the late winter or early spring. Remove any dead or diseased canes first. These can be spotted by their grayish/brown appearance. Next, you will need to thin out all of the remaining canes.
Only leave three to five of the strongest looking canes. These will produce the thickest stems and biggest blooms.
Pests and Diseases:
A few pests and diseases may affect your rose bushes but they are not very common. Some of these include aphids, cane borers, nematodes, and gray mold. If you notice any signs of these ailments seek out a professional to help you get rid of them before they destroy your rose bushes.
Common Rose Diseases:
Black spot – Caused by a fungus, black spot shows up as small black dots that spread along the leaves and stems. They will eventually kill the part of the plant that they are on. It is important to get rid of this right away because it can quickly kill your bushes if not treated. It is recommended to apply a fungicide every three to four weeks during the spring and summer to help prevent this disease.
Rose Rosette – This is a disease that affects only roses. The leaves become larger than normal and the plant grows very thick. It looks very unnatural and it is hard for the plant to absorb water properly. This can be treated by pruning the plant back and making sure it gets enough water.
Common Rose Pests:
Aphids – These small, soft bodied creatures can be found anywhere on the plant. They come in many different colors but all have a long nose or beak. They suck the life source out of the leaves and flowers. This will cause the leaves to wilt and die.
They can be found in high numbers and all at once. If you notice these call an exterminator because they can quickly infest your entire garden.
Caterpillars – These guys are the babies of moths and butterflies. They come in many different shapes, colors, and sizes. They love to eat leaves and can completely destroy an entire garden if not kept in check. You can usually see these guys by looking for holes in the leaves.
Prevention is important when it comes to these pests. Make sure you spray your plants regularly. Removing the pests is simple. Simply grab a container and some soapy water.
Pick the caterpillar up with the container and dip it in the soapy water. This will stop it from moving around. Then release it far away from the garden.
Rose Rosette – To prevent this disease from spreading make sure to remove dead or dying plants immediately. Since this is a fungus disease you should also remove all of the plant matter from the soil after removing the plants. Combine the soil with some grass clippings and add this to your yard to prevent the disease from spreading.
When you are ready to plant your roses, use a fertilizer that is low in nitrogen and high in potassium and phosphorous. This will help keep the plants healthy and will ward off diseases.
Harvesting is simple. You simply pluck the rose hips when they are ripe. Make sure that they are a dark red color. You can store the rose hips to make tea or other medicines from them.
Even after the plant has finished blooming you can still harvest it. The plants can be cut down at the base and can be made into beautiful pieces of art. Using a very sharp knife or scissors, carefully cut the stems at the base of the plant. You can then dry them out for later crafting or arrange them into a beautiful bouquet for yourself or a loved one.
Next month we will learn about growing and harvesting common medicinal herbs.
Grand Master Garden Grown
Sources & references used in this article:
Roses for the yard by L Hill – 1998 – Storey Publishing
Roses for Utah Landscapes by RH Hanchey – 1955 – digitalcommons.lsu.edu
Keys to pruning evergreens and deciduous shrubs by LA Sagers – Extension Fact Sheet, 2012 – digitalcommons.usu.edu
Pruning Made Easy-How to Prune Rose Trees, Fruit Trees and Ornamental Trees and Shrubs by HJ Wright, WP Wright – 1909 – TC & EC Jack
The pruning book by G Coote – 1899 – Oregon Agricultural Experiment …
Roses Without Chemicals: 150 Disease-Free Varieties That Will Change the Way You Grow Roses by DJ CHAPMAN – Weeds Trees and Turf (USA), 1982 – archive.lib.msu.edu