What Is A Selloum Philodendron?
Selloum philodendrons are a genus of plants which includes the sellouma (Leaf Philodendron), the leptoglossum (Lepidopteran) and the corymbosa (Crusty Corymboides). They have leaves with four leaflets or five leaflets, while other species may only have three leaflets.
The name “selloum” means “five-leaved”. The common names for these plants include five-leafed philodendron, five leaf philodendron, five leaf philadelphus, five leaf corymbosa and so on. These plants grow from a single stem and produce flowers in clusters called pistils.
There are many different varieties of selloum philodendrons. Some are small shrubs, some are trees and others even flower in the ground.
These plants belong to the family Callitrichaceae, which contains over 1,000 genera and approximately 2,500 species worldwide. There are around 300 species of selloum philodendrons found in Asia alone.
How To Care For A Selloum Philodendron?
There is no specific way to care for a selloum philodendron. They need little care and maintenance. The only time you need to water them is during the summertime when the temperature is very high. When you water, do it from the base of the plant. Only give it water every other week or so unless it is a very dry, hot summer.
Selloum philodendrons should be placed where they get a lot of light, but not extreme heat or cold. You can place them outside in the summer, but should bring them in during the winter. During the winter, they should be placed in a cool location where they will not get freezing temperatures.
If you want your selloum to flower, it will typically do so when it is between three to five years old. They do not need to be pollinated in order to set fruit, but you can do this if you want by using a small paintbrush. The fruit on these plants is a red berry-like capsule.
At maturity, they will drop to the ground and pop open to reveal the seeds. It takes about three months for the seeds to ripen and be ready for harvest.
Parts Of A Selloum
The selloum has several parts that differentiate it from other plants. The first is its flower. It looks like a cross between a snapdragon and a rose.
The flowers grow in clusters and have five petals. They may be a dark red, pinkish-red, lavender or even white in color. The center of the flower has a crown of yellow stamens, while the pistils are white or light green in color.
The selloum also has a small, oval fruit that is red when it is ripe. It grows directly off of the stem of the plant on a short stalk that is swollen at the base. The fruit is dry and has a hard outer shell, but it is still edible.
Inside the fruit are usually one to five oval shaped seeds. At maturity, the fruit drops to the ground and opens to reveal the seeds.
Selloum plants are evergreen, which means they stay green all year long. They have dark green, glossy leaves that are between three and seven inches long. They have either three or five leaflets along the midrib.
These leaflets are ovular or oblong in shape and have serrated edges. The top of the leaflets are pointed and their underside is smooth. These plants are very tolerant of different kinds of lighting, but need high humidity to look their best.
Selloum plants can reach up to nine feet in height and grow up to three feet wide. They grow from thick, woody stems that are sometimes covered with small thorns. The plant has a spreading habit, which means it grows out laterally instead of upwards.
Selloum plants bloom year-round, but they are at their most abundant during the summer months.
The selloum philodendron is native to eastern India, southern China and Malaysia. It grows in damp, evergreen forests and granite outcroppings at altitudes between 3,300 and 6,600 feet. The plant prefers rich soil that is slightly acidic and thrives in humid conditions.
It grows along streams and near waterfalls.
While the selloum philodendron can grow outside during the summer and be brought inside during cold months, it prefers indoors living throughout the year. It does not like sudden temperature or humidity changes and requires high humidity to thrive. Because of this, it is often recommended that the plant is placed in a bathroom or kitchen, which already have high humidity levels.
It can grow easily in a pot filled with regular potting soil or you can mount the plant on a piece of wood. This plant is great for people who don’t have a green thumb, because it’s very easy to take care of.
History Of The Selloum
The selloum is native to Southeast and South Asia. It is an evergreen plant that grows in the shady forests of northeastern India, southern China, Korea and Southeast Asia. It has heart-shaped leaves and bears clusters of small flowers with five petals in a variety of colors, including red, purple and pink.
The fruit, which appears when the plant is in bloom, is a red capsule that turns brown when it is ripe.
The plant secretes a substance that is toxic to mammals, but not to fish or other aquatic creatures. During the French colonial period in Vietnam, French soldiers would use the leaves as toilet paper because they were softer than the newspapers the soldiers were issued!
How To Take Proper Care Of Your Selloum
You can grow your selloum philodendron in a pot filled with regular potting soil mixed with sand to ensure good drainage. The potting soil should contain some vermiculite to keep the soil loose and promote aeration.
Place the pot in a room with bright, indirect light. The selloum plant prefers high humidity, so placing the pot on a tray filled with rocks that have been soaking in water will provide the right environment. It also likes its soil to be consistently moist, so spray the leaves with water once per day.
You can also mount the selloum on a piece of wood. This allows for more air to circulate around the plant and promotes root growth, which provides a sturdier base for your plant. Mounting the plant on a piece of wood also keeps it from becoming top-heavy and helps it retain its curvy shape.
If you are mounting your selloum, you should soak wooden boards in water for 24 hours before using them to ensure they don’t dry out. You can also seal the wood so that the selloum doesn’t leak through the cracks and stain your wall.
You should only need to water the plant once per week. Always check the bottom of the pot to see if it needs water by poking your finger through the top layer of soil. If you feel moisture, don’t water.
If you don’t feel any moisture, then water thoroughly until the water drains through the bottom. Let the soil dry out slightly before watering again.
Selloum Care Tips
Origin: Southeast Asia
Type: Semi-Epiphyte, Herbaceous plant
Light: Bright, indirect light or mounted on a piece of wood which allows for more air circulation
Humidity: High humidity. Place on a tray with rocks that have been soaking in water to provide moisture for the air. You can also spray the leaves with water once per day.
Temperature: Average room temperatures (60-75 degrees Fahrenheit or 16-24 degrees Celsius)
Diet: Fertilize twice per year with a balanced fertilizer, but do not fertilize during the winter months.
Flowers: White flowers appear in the spring
The selloum will grow better when it is slightly pot-bound, so repot infrequently. You should repot only when the plant has outgrown its container rapidly, which means you will probably only need to repot once every two to three years. Use a well-draining potting soil and place the plant in a sunny spot.
To repot a plant that is root-bound, gently remove it from its container. Knock away old soil and prune away dead roots. Spread the roots out in the new pot so they are not crowded.
Fill the pot with soil and gently firm it around the roots to remove air pockets. Water thoroughly and place the plant in a sunny spot.
Selloum plants are low-maintenance, but they do require some special care. These plants can grow from a few inches tall to as tall as 10 feet when mounted, so make sure you have the right space before bringing one home! Selloum plants do best when they are mounted, so if you want to grow one in your home, you need to find a way to mount it.
You can use fishing line to hang a plant from the ceiling or secure it to a piece of wood and place it on a table.
If you are growing the plant in a container that is placed on a stand or set onto a table, be sure that it has enough “leg room.” Each container should have at least an inch between it and the stand so that the plant doesn’t become root-bound and start to suffer.
Earthy tones and water go hand in hand, so if you’re on a budget consider using some old terra cotta pots as an affordable container for your selloum. If you want to buy something a bit fancier, terra cotta and enameled pots in the right size can do well. Just be sure there are no sharp edges on the inside of the container that can damage the plant when you water it because you’ll need to water this plant every week or two.
Most people prefer to use hanging pots for these plants since they don’t grow very big and can be easily enjoyed in your home. If you go with a hanging pot, be sure to mount it so the top of the container is at least a few feet from the ceiling to allow space for growth.
The selloum requires bright, indirect light when it’s grown indoors. It can withstand low light conditions for a while, but if you notice the leaves taking on a sickly appearance or growing spindly and tall, the plant is not getting enough light.
These plants enjoy high humidity, so be sure to place the plant on a tray filled with rocks and water. This will keep the air around the plant dampened and also prevent the soil from drying out too quickly. You should also spray the leaves twice per day or more if they look dry.
Dropping leaves could be a sign that your plant isn’t getting enough humidity. If the soil is too dry, the leaves will start turning yellow and will eventually fall off. Brown edges on the leaves could also be caused by poor humidity levels, but the edges will turn upwards instead of downwards.
Leaves with a red or purple hue are probably getting too much light. If the color doesn’t fade within a week, you can move the plant to a darker location.
The selloum is susceptible to mealybugs. They are little insects that look a bit like white cotton and they will cover the plant if you don’t take care of the problem. Mealybugs can be removed by hand or you can use a little rubbing alcohol to dab them away.
If you notice a fishy smell, the selloum could have a fungal infection. This is easily treated with a bit of diluted bleach. Use a spray bottle to lightly mist the leaves and then use a toothbrush dipped in the bleach water to gently scrub each leaf.
Most people grow these plants as houseplants, but they can be carefully taken outside during the summer and placed in a shaded area where they can get some sun. During the winter they should be brought back inside and given a little more light until March or April when you can again place them outside in a partially shaded area.
Selloums can be propagated from leaf cuttings or from stem tip cuttings. Take a cutting that has two nodes, allowing for the cutting to have some growth. Strip away any leaves that will be below soil level and remove the bottom of the stem so it’s flat.
Place the cuttings in a glass of water until they produce roots. Then plant them in moist soil. The selloum can also be grown from seed starting in April.
These plants can be prone to getting mealybugs, caused by lack of humidity, or root rot, caused by standing water around the roots. Use potting soil when repotting and don’t over water. Fungal infections can also affect the plant, causing a peeling or spotted pattern on the leaves.
Move the plant to a brighter location if this occurs.
The selloum is not really suitable for outdoor landscapes in most parts of the country. It is rare in nature and is only found in a few states.
Its rarity means that this plant would be quite a prize for a collector and its décor value along with its rarity would both make it quite valuable. This plant could quite easily fetch $50 to $100 dollars or maybe even more. Even if it’s not in perfect condition, a very old plant can still bring in a nice price.
Selloum propagation is somewhat difficult and rare in nature, so the selloum is also quite valuable from a botanical standpoint. This is a unique plant that can’t be found in too many collections and can fetch a nice price from collectors.
Which of the following is NOT a security measure you should take to protect your home?
A) Have shrubbery around the outside of your house
B) Install motion detector lights around the outside of your house
C) Keep your doors and windows locked even when you are at home
D) All of the above
Awareness is the key to preventing break-ins. Most burglars, like violent criminals in general, are opportunistic. The primary goal is to avoid confrontation and target homes that appear to be easy to break into.
Like attracts like, so the easiest way to protect your home is to make it look secure. Having a home security sign outside your house will definitely send a message to potential criminals that your home is more difficult to break into than others.
Outside lights are a necessity, because most criminals prefer to work in the dark. There are motion detector lights that come on when someone approaches your house and they can also be set to come on at random times giving the appearance that someone is always home.
Keeping doors and windows locked even when you are home is important for several reasons. If a criminal sees that your home is locked he is less likely to choose it for a target. Most break-ins occur through windows and doors that are easy to access so make sure you replace any weak locks and deadbolts.
If you can’t afford to make these changes have a professional security assessment of your home. A professional will be able to point out any vulnerabilities and recommend the best ways to protect your home.
Shrubs around the outside of your house can provide cover for criminals to hide while they are trying to get in and out of your house. Keeping your shrubbery trimmed to within a foot of the wall will prevent this from happening.
Answer D is the best choice because it is the only measure that can prevent you from being targeted without a lot of expense. Having a security system is great, but most people can’t really afford them and they send the message that you have something of significant value to protect.
Sources & references used in this article:
Plant Hosts of Botrytis spp. by Y Elad, I Pertot, AMC Prado, A Stewart – … –the fungus, the pathogen and its …, 2016 – Springer
Handbook of poisonous and injurious plants by BC Wolverton – 2020 – Spring
Ornamental plants as invasive aliens: problems and solutions in Kruger National Park, South Africa by LS Nelson, RD Shih, MJ Balick, KF Lampe – 2007 – Springer