Crown vetches are one of the most common plants in your landscape. They are native to Australia and New Guinea. They grow well in any soil type, but they prefer moist soil with a pH between 6-8. Most varieties have two or three stems which form a cluster at their base (Fig 1).
Figure 1: A typical crown vetch plant.
The leaves of crown vetches are arranged in a fan shape around the stem (Fig 2). The petioles of these leaves are usually shorter than those of other types of plants. The flowers of crown vetsch are small, white and borne on short stalks (Fig 3).
Figure 2: Leaf arrangement on a typical crown vetch plant.
Figure 3: Flowers of a typical crown vetch plant.
Crown vetches are easy to grow from seed. They require little care once established, but they do need regular pruning if you want them to remain attractive. If you wish to keep them as houseplants, then they will benefit from being watered regularly during hot weather periods and fertilized when needed. You may also want to consider planting some in containers so that they can be moved around easily.
Crown Vetch Plants – How Do You Grow Crown Vetch In The Landscape
You can find many different kinds of crown vetches. These types include:
Alaska Crown Vetch: This is one of the most common types of crown vetch plants. It has small white flowers and grows up to about a foot tall.
Beach Crown Vetch: This type of crown vetch plant is smaller than other types. It grows in a tight ball and does not require much maintenance.
Bloodflower Crown Vetch: This plant is part of the pea family. It has red flowers and grows up to one foot tall.
Blue Crown Vetch: This type of plant has blue flowers and grows up to one foot tall.
Sources & references used in this article:
Modes of crown vetch invasion and persistence by DA Losure, KA Moloney, BJ Wilsey – The American Midland Naturalist, 2009 – BioOne
Evidence that isolates of Sclerotinia trifoliorum from Crown Vetch and Alfalfa are not specific for either host. by RB Carroll, FL Lükezic, JM Skelly – Plant Disease Reporter, 1970 – cabdirect.org
Pasture species for drought-prone lower slopes in the South Island high country by RF Woodman, JM Keoghan… – Proceedings of the New …, 1992 – nzgajournal.org.nz
Response of crownvetch planted on anthracite breaker refuse by MM Czapowskyj, JP Mikulecky, EA Sowa – Research Note NE-78 …, 1968 – fs.usda.gov
Influence of high salt levels on the germination and growth of five potentially utilizable plants for median turfing in Northern climates by M St-Arnaud, G Vincent – Journal of Environmental …, 1988 – meridian.allenpress.com
Impacts of management and antecedent site condition on restoration outcomes in a sand prairie by JW Matthews, B Molano‐Flores, J Ellis… – Restoration …, 2017 – Wiley Online Library
Seedling establishment characteristics of alternative legume species in tussock grassland environments by WL Lowther, HN Patrick – Proceedings of the New …, 1992 – pdfs.semanticscholar.org